The American Shorthair particularly widespread in the United States, it will not surprise anyone, but also in Japan. It is similar to the British shorthair and the European shorthair. Of medium size, the American Shorthair is above all a hunter.
It prefers outdoor life but adapts perfectly to apartment life. Independent, It remains very affectionate, pleasant to live with. It appreciates the caresses and is attached to Its owner. It likes to play with children and is not against the company of congeners or dogs, with whom It easily shares Its space.
History of the breed
The origin of the American Shorthair can be found in Europe, and especially in Great Britain. It was imported several centuries ago to the American continent. In reality, it is the result of a cross between alley cats and several breeds such as the British shorthair or the Persian.
The American Shorthair’s primary mission was initially to monitor American farmers’ grains for rodent invasion. Gradually, It returned to many American homes. Today it is largely found in the United States but also in Japan.
- Its body: He has a medium height body, quite muscular, slender.
- Its coat: The American Shorthair has a short, thick, and regular coat. Its dress is provided, very resistant, which allows It to live outdoors even in extreme conditions. It is therefore very resistant to cold.
Its color: Many colors are allowed. It ranges from chocolate to lilac color. The American Shorthair is best known for his classic silver tabby dress. It is a bright silver background with the presence of contrasting black traces.
- Its head: It has a round head, with fairly developed cheeks and a square muzzle.
- Its eyes: The eyes of the American Shorthair are particularly wide apart, round, in perfect harmony with the face. Neither too big nor too small. The color is often harmonized with the cat’s coat.
- Its ears: They are slightly spaced and of a size considered as average. They are rounded at their end.
- Its tail: It is rather long, with a thick layer of hair at its base. It is gradually refined to finish on a rounded tip.
Behavior With Others
Independent but affectionate. It enjoys the company of Its owner, with whom It likes to play. As such, It will also be inclined to interact with children and other cats or dogs. It’s intelligent, skillful, agile. It needs a family life. It’s loyal and loves to be cuddled.
The American Shorthair, because of its origins is above all an outdoor cat. It enjoys hunting and its good at it. However, over time, this breed of cat has adapted perfectly to apartment living.
It must have easy access to the outside. It’s preferable for Its well-being. It needs space to exercise. It likes to go for a stroll outside, to meet fellow creatures. It’s essential to watch Its coat carefully each time It returns from a walk and look for any parasites.
Health & Maintenance
The American Shorthair possesses robust health. This strength obviously comes from its origin as an outdoor cat. Thus, facilitated by its coat, it’s resistant to cold and bad weather. However, it should be vaccinated against all diseases of cats: rabies, typhus, leucosis, and coryza.
In addition, the American Shorthair should be inspected after every outdoor adventure. It can indeed bring back many parasites, which could infest your home. During Its life, It can also contract a genetic pathology: polycystic kidney disease. It is a very serious disease, irreversible and therefore in all cases fatal.
Hypoallergenic Breed: No
The life expectancy of an American Shorthair is between 13 and 15 years
Because of its rather short coat, the American Shorthair does not require any particular maintenance, except for a weekly brushing. More frequent brushing during moulting periods.
The American Shorthair simply requires special attention during the moulting period, especially when it comes to brushing. For the rest, it’s a very clean cat. As with all, it is advisable to monitor the condition of Its ears regularly. In addition, because of its frequent trips outside, it is important to watch its coat to avoid parasites.
Hypoallergenic Breed: No
The German Shepherd, a faithful and docile dog, has long enjoyed worldwide success.
Most likely because It possesses this rare combination of intelligence, agility, strength, and courage. Very versatile, the German Shepherd is today both a rescue dog, an assistance dog, a guard dog … and an excellent companion dog!
Other names: Berger Alsacien, Deutscher Schäferhund, German Shepherd Dog
History of the breed
Methodical breeding started in 1889. This breed was created by Captain Max Fréderic Emile Von Stephanitz from the crossing of sheepdogs from central and southern Germany.
The goal was to create a very intelligent and physically strong utility dog for herding herds.
It was not until the late 19 th century and the industrial revolution in Germany as the first German Shepherds became famous. A German Shepherd is essentially a working dog.
A versatile dog, the German Shepherd is useful in many areas. During the First World War, It accompanied the German army and in particular intended to help wounded soldiers.
As the herds disappeared, the evolution of the breed pushed man to use the faculties of the German Shepherd to make it a police dog, war dog, guide dog, or sanitary.
- His coat: short and hard, is very dense. Lined with a supplied undercoat, the hair remains lying along the body.
- Its color: the most common is black and tan. It can also have black with undertones of brown, reddish-brown or yellow to light gray.
- Its head: well proportioned to the size of the dog with a reasonable width between the ears. It is not too heavy or too elongated. General in appearance, the head has a pronounced and powerful muzzle.
- Its ears: are medium in size and wide at the base. Symmetrical, they are carried very straight and end in a point.
- Its eyes: remain almond shaped and should be as dark as possible.
- Its body: rather elongated and quite straight, giving way to a muscular and slightly plunging back. It has a slightly oblique rump. A pure trotter, he has a harmonious look with ample movements.
- Its tail: must at least reach the hock. On its inner face, the hair is longer. It is carried drooping, but when it is in full action or excited it rises considerably without going above the horizontal.
Behavior With Others
Very cheerful and playful, It’s endowed with great intelligence. It remains faithful and attached to Its master. Patient and courageous, It’s also a protective dog with children.
With a fairly flexible temperament, It’s nonetheless lively and quite domineering. Affectionate and naturally peaceful, It needs to exercise every day.
It’s unfailingly devoted to Its owner. It is a very sensitive animal, who appreciates congratulations after a good deed.
It’s a very athletic and very playful dog. It is an easy dog on a daily basis as long as you are careful with it.
If It’s very grateful for the time spent with It and the love received, It may feel abandoned, if you don’t show care towards it.
The German Shepherd Dog perfectly embodies versatility. Working dog par excellence, it can be trained as a police dog, herd, tracker, and guide dog for the blind.
As a companion dog, Its suspicious nature towards strangers and Its past as a sheepdog make It a good guard since it naturally defends Its territory.
For education, It turns out to be very docile and very intelligent, even if It recognizes only one teacher. It is important to socialize It and get It used to strangers or public places because Its distrust of the unknown is important to take into account.
In addition, this breed can sometimes suffer from separation anxiety and you will often be required to do most of your travels with it.
Very active, the German Shepherd Dog can stay outside in all seasons. It is more suited to country life.
However, life in the city and in an apartment is not impossible as long as you take it out frequently and offer it regular physical activities.
It’s also a dog who does not support loneliness. If It feels lonely, bored, or not exercised enough, It will show Its frustration by chewing everything It can or barking excessively.
Health & Maintenance
Robust by nature, the German Shepherd, like all medium and large dogs, is genetically prone to hip or elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and von Willebrand disease.
The screening and selection of animals during breeding greatly reduced the risks. Other than that, her life expectancy is good (12 years).
The German Shepherd is a dog made to live outdoors even if It likes to come and go freely in the house or in the garden.
Try to cut Its nails carefully regularly with a nail clipper, in fact, they know a very fast growth. The ears should be checked to rule out the risk of wax buildup or debris that can cause infection.
Teeth require regular brushing to prevent tartar build-up.
It undergoes a moult twice a year (in spring and in autumn) in connection with the change of luminosity at these periods.
Dogs living indoors shed hair year-round with stronger periods in spring and fall. By its high density of hair, the German Shepherd Dog must be brushed every day during the moulting period.
Outside of this period, this dog can be satisfied with a good brushing twice a week to have a softer and shinier coat.