American Wirehair:Cat Breed Profile

American Wirehair

The American Wirehair does not differ too markedly from its very close cousin the Shorthair. Its character is generally the same and Its temperament, both calm and playful, corresponds. Its health is rather solid despite 2 genetic diseases and its fairly simple maintenance, with its 3 layers of hair.

History of the breed

The American Wirehair is much rarer than its cousin, the American Shorthair.
Its a real star in the United States. The American Wirehair appeared the same year the Shorthair was officially recognized.

The Wirehair originated  at a farm in New York State in 1966. It is the result of a genetic mutation. This is what Its first breeder, Joan O’Shea, immediately noticed.

She notices a cat with coarse and curly hair, which distinguishes it from the Shorthair. Its first name was “Council Rock Farm Adam of Hi-Fi”. It was later crossed too with another feline with a stiff coat. Amy and Abby were born.

The first was given to the Becks family. It was finally 10 years later, in 1978, that the breed was officially recognized by the American authorities.

Physical features

  • Its body: The American Wirehair is a rather muscular cat, with a slender appearance. Its body is of medium height. It is fairly balanced and gives off power. Its chest is wide enough
  • Its hair : The American Wirehair has the particularity of having 3 layers of hair: outer, secondary, and undercoat. The coat is wavy, rough, and slightly curly in places. It is sometimes pungent in places, which sets it apart from other cats. The fur is short, dense, well shiny. It protects it against bad weather.
  •  Its color: Many colors are accepted by the standard, with the exception of colorpoint, chocolate, and lilac.
  • Its head: It is round with cheekbones that stand out. The chin is square and a thin wavy mustache is present on its muzzle. The cheeks are strong. The nose is quite short, as is the face.
  • Its eyes: They are widely spaced, almond-shaped. It presents a gentle look.
  • Its ears: They are also well-spaced, of medium size. Their end is slightly rounded.
  • Its tail: It is long, thin, and rounded at its end.

Behavior With Others

The American Wirehair exhibits roughly the same behavioral characteristics and qualities as the Shorthair. Its an affectionatecalm but also a curious cat. It must be able to benefit from enough space to move around and thus wander in search of occupation.

It demands affection and attention. It’s not clingy but loves when you take care of It. It adores children, as It appreciates the presence of congeners and other animals.

It’s not temperamental. It can be hugged, but not too much. Finally, It’s endowed with great sensitivity. It is necessary not to rush It and to give It all the comfort It needs.

Living Conditions

Due to its origins, the Wirehair is an outdoor cat. However, like the Shorthair, it is perfectly suited to apartment living. Its space must be large enough to stroll and occupy the mind. Access to the air is preferable so that It can feel happy.

This feline knows how to adapt to its environment to get the best out of it, as long as it enjoys games and its mind is busy.

Health & Maintenance

The Wirehair is a cat with solid health. But, due to its origins, it has a serious, irreversible genetic diseasepolycystic kidney disease. In addition, It’s also prone to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy which makes the walls of Its heart thicker. Constant supervision by a veterinarian is required. Due to its coat, its skin can develop minor allergies.

 It can get irritated if its owner does not take the necessary care. In addition, it is prone to ear infections.  It is also important to have it vaccinated against classic diseases in cats: rabies, typhus, leucosis and coryza.

Hypoallergenic Breed: No

The life expectancy of an American Wirehair is between 14 and 18 years .

The particular coat of Wirehair must be maintained regularly, by means of weekly brushing. Grooming once a month is also desirable. For once, it is possible to approach a professional in order to avoid any complications with its dress. Be careful, brushing too hard can damage Its dress.

One brushing per week is more than enough for this cat. In addition to this, it is worth cleaning the ears regularly as the inside tends to become oily, which promotes the development of germs and parasites. Wirehair nails should be cut twice a month.

Like all cats, the Wirehair must be fed according to its state of health, its morphology, and its daily energy expenditure. It needs around 150 grams of high-quality kibble per day. Be careful, overeating can lead to obesity.

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About Amanda

Passionate about animals, Amanda draws her expertise from her training as an educator, pet behaviorist as well as her extensive experience with animal owners. A specialist in dog and cat behavior, Amanda continues to learn about our four-legged companions by studying veterinary reference books but also university research sites (UCD, Utrecht, Cambridge, Cornell, etc..)

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