Scottish Fold & Highland Fold:Cat Breed Profile

Scottish Fold cat

The Scottish Fold & Highland Fold are 2 cats that look very similar but are differentiated by their coat length. They can have folded or straight ears. Their character is close to perfection: calm, tender, neither too present, nor too absent.

It does not like solitude and loves to play with Its master. Its health is perfect and Its maintenance not too difficult.

History of the breed

The Scottish Fold & Highland Fold have a necessarily linked, common history. It began in the 1960s when a couple, Mary and William Ross, noticed a cat with folded ears on a Scottish farm. This cat was called Suzie. Suzie’s daughter, Snook, born in 1963 retained the same characteristic feature of the ear folded forward.

Suddenly, the couple decided to start breeding a new breed. The first crosses were between Scottish and British Shorthairs who were themselves, often, crossed with Persians.

Some long-haired kittens called themselves Highland. A setback was experienced, in 1971, when a large English feline club decided not to recognize the Scottish anymore, because their ears were too folded up, according to them, it could cause hearing problems. But their success was real in Europe and the United States.

Physical features

  • Its body : The Scottish and the Highland have the same body, namely a semi-cobby format according to the standard, wide and quite round. It’s no less muscular than others. Moreover, the musculature is powerful and the bones are strong enough. Females are generally a little smaller than males.
  • Its hair: The Scottish and the Highland are differentiated by their fur in particular. It’s short in the Scottish, double, and dense. It’s not lying on the body and has a medium undercoat. Conversely, the Highland has a mid-length dress, also double and silky. Note a collar and panties clearly visible.
  • Its color: The Scottish & Highland standard accepts all possible colors. It is not at all binding. On the other hand, amber is not tolerated as a division.
  • Its head: The Scottish & Highland has a well-rounded head, as does its skull, which is slightly concave in passing. The nose is short and a slight stop is allowed by the switchboard. Cheeks are full and males may show jowls.
  • Its eyes: They are medium in size, very rounded, and give this cat a gentle expression. The color is uniform and is related to that of the dress.
  • Its ears: The ears are broad at the base, small and rounded at their tip. We also differentiate between Scottish Fold and Scottish Straight. The former have their ears folded forward, not the latter. It is the same with the Highland fold and the Highland straight.
  • Its tail: In the Scottish & Highland, it is thick at its base and moderately long. It becomes unraveled as it goes, becomes thinner until it ends with a rounded end. Note that in the Highland, the tail ends is provided and in a plume.

Behavior and Characters

The Scottish Fold & Highland Fold are sweet cats with a truly exceptional character. They know how to be discreet but can also have a little crazy quarter of an hour during the day.

They like to play with their master, as with children, which they love. Incidentally, they also tolerate very well the presence of congeners and other animals in their territory.

They are all very adaptable. They are not afraid of change. They are sensitive, caring, and very cuddly felines. They like to have a relationship symbiotic with their master, without being clingy, however.

Not aggressive, it’s important not to put them in relation to the danger from the outside. A very intelligent cat that will delight a large family or a single person.

Living Conditions

This cat appreciates apartment life but also likes to have a little corner of greenery. What is recommended is to have a house with a small garden. It must be fenced to prevent your feline from being tempted by a taste for adventure.

Also to prevent congeners from taking the opportunity to come and annoy It or even hurt It. A small balcony may well be enough for it. It’s a calm cat which, in any case, will not cause any untimely overflow. Indoors only, it is advisable to place essential accessories for its well-being, such as a cat tree.

Health & Maintenance

The Scottish fold and the Highland fold are robust, health iron. However, marrying 2 Folds cats is prohibited in order to avoid any problem related to the Fold gene. On the other hand, marriage with the British remains authorized.

Only a few worries related to these folded ears. For the rest, it’s about a very solid cat that does not suffer from any hereditary pathology. It’s only appropriate to have It vaccinated against the usual diseases: rabies, typhus, leucosis, and coryza.

Hypoallergenic Breed: No

The life expectancy of a Scottish & Highland is between 13 and 15 years .

Contrary to what one might think, the Highland Fold, although having a mid-length coat, does not require very extensive maintenance. Indeed, Its dress is always shorter than that of the Persian. Thus, a bi-weekly brushing is more than enough to satisfy its coat and to leave it silky. Brushing to be done less frequently on the Scottish Fold.

Beyond the weekly or even bi-weekly brushing, the master will try to be attentive to the ears, folded, and to the eyes of Its cat. They will need to be cleaned a few times to prevent infection from developing.


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About Amanda

Passionate about animals, Amanda draws her expertise from her training as an educator, pet behaviorist as well as her extensive experience with animal owners. A specialist in dog and cat behavior, Amanda continues to learn about our four-legged companions by studying veterinary reference books but also university research sites (UCD, Utrecht, Cambridge, Cornell, etc..)

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