Recognizable by its small ears folded forward, the Scottish Fold is a medium-sized cat, with a robust build and rather stocky. Kittens are born with straight ears, and the ears do not bend until they are 3 or 4 weeks old.
The Scottish Fold is an excellent and pleasant companion for the whole family, due to its quiet, discreet, and affectionate character. It also likes to play and explore Its environment. Not all feline institutions are in agreement about this breed, with some warning of the anomalies associated with its physical uniqueness.
History of the breed
The history of the Scottish Fold breed begins in 1961 when a shepherd living in Scotland noticed a cat with ears folded forward on a farm not far from the village of Coupar Angus in the Tayside region of Scotland.
The owners of the farm were kind enough to hand over to this man, William Ross, a cat he later named Susie. It was from Susie that Ross and his wife Mary began the development of the breed.
The physical specificity of the Scottish Fold – the ear folded forward – is due to a spontaneous genetic mutation. Despite the unfavorable opinion of a part of the veterinary body, believing that this brings health problems to the cat, the breed has conquered many American specialists, between breeders and judges.
Today, the breed of the Scottish Fold continues to be debated, between promoters and parties who consider its breeding to be unethical.
- Its body: medium in size, wide, with well-developed bones and musculature. The legs are relatively short, but should not hinder the mobility of the cat. The neck is thick and muscular, the feet very round and firm.
- Its coat: short, but can also be mid-long in the Highland variety. The undercoat is thick in both cases.
- Its color : all colors are allowed except chocolate, lilac, and colourpoint. The coat is most often plain, but there are some Scottish Fold cats with coats that have stripes or spots.
- Its head: large, round in shape. The skull is well rounded, the nose broad and rather short, the chin firm and the cheeks very full.
- Its eyes: round in shape, tall, with a lively and gentle expression. The color, the most intense and the most brilliant possible, is in agreement with that of the dress.
- Its ears: they are the peculiarity of the breed, being folded forward. They are quite small, wide at their attachment, and rounded at their end.
- Its tail: flexible, medium length, thick at birth, and rounded end.
Behavior and Character
One of the most valued qualities of the Scottish Fold is Its composure. Its sweetness is also well known. However, this cat is not for all that inactive. It loves to play, especially with children. It also gets along very well with Its peers and other animals.
Endowed with a gentle and tender temperament, It’s very affectionate with Its master. The Scottish Fold is also a rather discreet cat, which does not make frequent use of its small voice.
Changes disturb It a little, It who likes to keep Its little habits.
It’s constantly looking for the company of Its family and cannot stand being left alone for long.
The Scottish Fold has not only kept its ears folded; It also inherited Its adaptability, making It able to cope with most living environments. It can be as comfortable in the country as in the city, in an apartment. It also appreciates having a secure exterior such as a garden.
Health & Maintenance
Folded ears are the breed specificity of the Scottish Fold and therefore are a characteristic sought after by its fans. However, it is also associated with health problems. Starting with osteochondrodysplasia, a disease affecting the skeleton and cartilage.
This results in abnormalities and deformities that can affect the kitten even if it comes from healthy parents. The crippling osteoarthritis that this disease causes stiffness of the tail that the cat can no longer flex. It also gives rise to difficulties in movement.
Otherwise, the Scottish Fold remains a healthy cat. It must receive the classic vaccines, common to all his congeners: typhus (feline panleukopenia), coryza, feline leukosis, rabies …
Hypoallergenic Breed: No
The life expectancy of a Scottish Fold is between 13 and 15 years .
The Scottish Fold does not require more maintenance than another cat. Taking care of him on a daily basis means providing him with a quality and balanced diet, giving him time for games and care, and regular brushing to maintain the good health of his hair and skin.
The Scottish Fold needs to be brushed once a week. During the moulting period, brushing becomes more frequent, ideally daily, in order to help it get rid of dead hair. This reduces the hairballs that it is likely to form in its intestine when licking itself.
Special care and attention should be given to the inside of Its folded ears. It is recommended to inspect and clean them regularly using a suitable ear lotion and cotton (not a cotton swab).
Cleaning around the eyes, legs (pads and interdigital spaces) and dental care are also to be provided on a regular basis.
The Scottish Fold can be greedy, even gluttonous. It is therefore advisable not to give It too rich meals, otherwise, It would risk suffering from obesity. Like all cats, It needs a balanced diet, complete and adapted to Its condition: age, sterilized or whole, activity … It is also important to ensure that It has fresh water at will.
Is the Scottish Fold cat right for you?
- The Scottish Fold is a calm, albeit lively cat in Its hours, who does not require a lot of space to expend his energy.
- It’s not the type to run and climb everywhere. That being said, the Scottish Fold does need interactive exercise to stay at their best.
- It is the companion of choice for people who live in an apartment.
The ideal master
- The soft and calm character of the Scottish Fold makes it particularly suitable for quiet people.
- Although sometimes discreet, this cat is deeply attached to Its owners and It needs them to ensure his well-being.
- Thus, the Scottish Fold needs a careful and available owner to take care of It every day (play sessions, cuddles, checking the ears, etc.).
- Note that the Scottish Fold enjoys the company of humans and gets along very well with dogs and children.