Bald cat breeds appeared not so long ago, so felinologists do not give accurate predictions about the age to which such a pet can live at home.
It is clear that the lifespan of sphinxes depends on conditions of detention, hereditary factors and veterinary care. So it is worth learning how to provide proper care and comfortable living so that the cat will please the owner with its presence for many years.
How long do sphynx cats live?
At home, sphinxes live no more than 15 years, but the average is usually 10-12 years. This was not always the case, and on the way to becoming these unique cats, they had to go through all the stages of selection.
The first animals lived for about 10 years and died without becoming the ancestors of bald cats due to insufficient fertility (ability to reproduce) within the group. Later, experimental Don Sphynxes showed that they definitely live up to 10 years.
It is interesting! The Don and Canadian Sphynxes have a different genetic mutation. The former lost their hair as a result of the work of the hr gene, while the Russian cat has a longer formula, Hrbd.
Factors affecting health
The life span of a cat largely depends on the state of its health. A Disease is easier to prevent than to cure. Therefore, felinologists recommend that the owners of sphinxes closely monitor their pets and, when the first alarming symptoms appear, show the animal to the veterinarian.
To grow a strong pet, you need to pay attention to the following factors:
- Conditions of detention. The state of health of the sphinxes instantly responds to unsanitary conditions and unsatisfactory temperature conditions in the room. Hairless cats have a high body temperature due to their active metabolism, so they are prone to colds.
- Communication. Sphinxes do not like loneliness and often fall into stress without the attention of the owner. Veterinary practice has proven that in a depressed state, hairless cats are more susceptible to the development of diseases.
All sphinxes have a high degree of development of the nervous organization. They cannot be approached with the standards of other feline breeds. Any deviation from the norm leads first to a deterioration in mood, apathy, loss of appetite, and then to the development of physical diseases.
How to extend your Sphynx’s life
Sphynxes are special cats. They do not have the immunity developed over the centuries, and the character was formed under the influence of artificial selection. Such animals will not be able to exist without a person, and at home, they require special care.
Regular and timely prevention of diseases in sphinxes
At 9-12 weeks, a Sphynx kitten should be vaccinated for the first time against the following diseases:
Then, within a month, the next vaccination is carried out (except for rabies) and in the future, the procedure is repeated annually. If the epidemiological situation in the region is unfavorable for a number of other diseases (for example, ringworm), then the corresponding prophylactic components are added to the vaccination kit.
How many years a Sphynx cat lives, how many stages of vaccination it should receive. It is completely unacceptable to refuse procedures because of home maintenance. For example, chlamydia is transmitted not only sexually or during childbirth from a sick mother, but also through food. The only way to protect yourself from this disease and prolong the life of your cat is with a vaccine.
Important! Due to the lack of wool, Canadian and Don Sphynxes , like other bald cats, are contraindicated in temperature drops and drafts.
Experts call nutrition a universal tool for maintaining health and increasing longevity. Due to the lack of hair, hairless cats have an accelerated metabolism and increased appetite, so the owner must strictly control the portion size for the sphinx. This is especially true for castrated cats. And an excess weight has a negative effect on the activity of the kidneys, heart, and blood vessels, and, accordingly, on the life expectancy of the pet.
Manufacturers of ready-made mixtures produce formulations specifically for bald animals. They take into account the recommended serving size and the ratio of protein, fat, and carbohydrates.
Important! The correct choice of food has an unconditional effect on how long Sphynx cats live. The main danger lies not in industrial products, but in the desire of the gluttonous pet to eat all the leftovers from the master’s plate. Here he may come across unacceptable ingredients for health – potatoes, tomatoes, sausages, pasta and sweets.
Hygiene and care
Sphynxes do not have hair, which means there is no need for regular combing. Standard cat grooming consists of a few simple steps:
- You can also use a damp cloth to wipe the animal weekly – a worthy substitute for bathing.
- To clean the area around the eyes – due to the absence of cilia, mucus can accumulate here.
- To trim the claws and process the areas of the skin around them – watch out for the absence of wounds that often appear in these places.
- Clean the open inner surface of the ears with a cotton swab, and use special drops for deep processing of the ear canal.
Education and physical activity
Sphynxes are active cats. They are always ready for outdoor games with people or pets. Hairless cats are rarely on the street, so the owners have to organize a space for active pastime in the apartment.
Physical activity for all types of sphinxes must correspond to the age of the pet:
- As a child, the sphinx demonstrates irrepressible energy.
- Reaching adulthood somewhat reduces activity, but between playing and relaxing on the couch, the sphinx will always choose the former.
- Closer to old age, temperament changes. The cat becomes calmer, sleeps for a long time, and loses interest in outdoor games.
In general, all representatives of bald sphinxes have a strong nervous system and they are not inclined to fall into emotional depression. But the state of constant stress will certainly affect the immunity, character, and behavior of the pet. Owners need to constantly monitor the environment, especially when there are other animals or children in the house.
Sterilization and castration
Sphynx castrates (boys or girls) do not experience sexual attraction and do not have offspring. Such cats live 3-5 years longer than animals that have preserved sexual functions.
The lifespan of sterilized sphinxes is the same as that of normal cats. After the operation, they lose their ability to reproduce, but the production of sex hormones remains.
Important! If the owners do not plan to use hairless pets for breeding, all species (breeds) of sphinxes are recommended to be sterilized or castrated.
Famous long-lived sphinxes
Quality cat care, veterinary care, and feeding ration will increase its lifespan. If the animal came to the owner in childhood, its chances of seeing deep old age increase significantly – when the kittens of the Don (Canadian) Sphynx live in one place and get used to the environment, they are less susceptible to psychological stress.
Nature has given bald pets from 10 to 15 years of life. Although some cats have already managed to significantly exceed this limit.
The history of the most famous long-lived sphinx named Granpa Rex Allen is very remarkable. He was born as a result of one of the first experimental mating. His parents were a Canadian Sphynx and a Devon Rex. The cat lived a record 34 years plus another 60 days. At the moment, this sphinx is one of the few whose age is recorded in the Guinness Book of Records. After the death of Granpa, Rex Allen received the title of “Cat of the Year” from the authoritative publication “Cats and Kittens” (1999).
The owner of the Sphynx subsequently raised another record-breaking cat. She became Cream Puff, who outlived her predecessor by as much as 4 years. It is said that Jake Perry (the owner of these centenarians) offered his pets some kind of unique menu and showed films with beautiful views and exotic landscapes.
Good heredity, activity, and a comfortable home environment are an excellent help for the long life of sphinxes. And the attention of the owner, the timely assistance of veterinarians, and quality food only add to the list of things necessary to reach old age.