When a cat drools profusely, we speak of hypersalivation or ptyalism. The reasons for this excess saliva can be mild or a symptom of pathology. This is why we must keep the animal under surveillance and not hesitate to take it to the veterinarian if the disorder persists. Emotional shock, dental problems, poisoning, or illness: the causes of excess drool are multiple.
How To Recognize A Drooling Cat?
Hypersalivation syndrome is characterized by an abundance of saliva overflowing from the cat’s mouth. Seeing a cat drooling can be overwhelming, as the phenomenon appears suddenly, without warning signs, but it is not always an indicator of illness.
Because saliva is produced in excess, and because the cat cannot swallow it, it exits from the closed mouth in the form of foam, a sticky and whitish liquid or fluid and transparent.
WHAT ARE THE REASONS FOR HYPERSALIVATION?
An emotional cause
Cats, like dogs, may drool with excitement. Like humans, It can also drool while sleeping. If this remains a rare phenomenon, it is nonetheless harmless for the animal. If It’s purring and drooling simultaneously, it is a sign that It’s very happy.
As when stroked and enjoyed, it may salivate when seeing prey or chewing catnip. On the contrary, It may salivate under the effect of stress, such as during a visit to the vet, or if It has motion sickness. In any case, this excess saliva is transient and harmless and you can treat it with anti-stress cat products.
A dental problem
Having a bad tooth or an infection in its mouth can make your cat salivate. If Its lips are more swollen and red, there may be inflammation of the gum tissue. It can also be due to the presence of tartar.
Your cat can then drool to evacuate the unpleasant taste of the foreign body stuck in its mouth: this is called reflex hypersalivation. If you are not used to checking their teeth yourself, see a vet to check them. As a preventive measure, you can give your cat chewy treats to limit the appearance of the pie.
Hypersalivation can be a sign of intoxication. This is not always due to a chemical presence. However, it is first necessary to check that the cat has not had access to toxic substances such as cleaning products or drugs.
Some medications specific to cats can cause excessive salivation as a side effect. If this persists, consider changing the treatment.
Poisoning can also be caused by certain plants or insect poison that your cat may have eaten. Some caterpillars, for example, can sting, others poisonous. In any case, if the salivation is accompanied by other symptoms such as vomiting, coughing, or tremors, consult a veterinarian immediately.
A particular pathology
If it appears during recurrent episodes, and outside contexts conducive to emotional shocks, hypersalivation can be the symptom of a more serious pathology such as an abscess, an ulcer, a problem in the trachea, etc.
The color and flow of the drool, rather than its abundance, can help you determine the cause of salivation. If the slime is pinkish, evidence of blood, or if it is smelly and thick with pus present, take your cat to a veterinarian. They will take care of It and give It the proper examinations.
What To do if My Cat Is Drooling?
It is necessary to check whether a drooling cat, apart from the non-pathological reasons mentioned above, has not had access to dangerous substances. If salivation persists and is accompanied by other disturbances, take It to the vet.
You can call the poison control center for advice, but most importantly, do not give the animal any drink, or try to induce vomiting, as this may cause injury.