Cat Health

My Cat Cant Urinate: What Can I Do?

My Cat Cant Urinate: What Can I Do?

Did you know that on average 70% of veterinary emergencies that occur with cats are associated with kidney problems and lower urinary tract problems?

If you are wondering why my cat cannot urinate and what things you should do to remedy it, you are in the right place.

Feeding and stress are often the main reasons why a cat might have trouble urinating. This condition tends to be aggravated in neutered males, presenting more complex cases that must be treated in time.

We must be very attentive to the urinary disorders of our furry dogs, especially since in some cases the symptoms are almost imperceptible. Below you will know in-depth each of the causes why a cat cannot urinate and how to prevent them.

My cat urinates little and frequently 

This is one of the most common behaviors when we are in the presence of a possible cystitis or infection in the lower urinary tract. The urination problems of some cats can go from a more acute condition to a definitely more chronic situation, which should be addressed immediately by your veterinarian.

If your cat:

  • Meows or complains while in the litterbox.
  • Visits the litterbox several times a day, with a frequency that is not usual.
  • It licks its genitals insistently.
  • It begins to mess outside the sandbox, leaving small amounts of urine in various corners of the house.
  • Urine with blood.

You are in the presence of a urinary problem and you need the assistance of a professional. All these symptoms could be associated with cystitis, infection, or partial or total obstruction of the urethra due to the presence of stones in the urine.

Urinary disorders should be treated as soon as possible, as they affect the kidney health of your pet, they could cause the pet to lose appetite, weight loss, decay, and, in a short period of time, death

Why Don't Cats Always Cover Their Poop

Why can’t my cat urinate?

Let’s talk about the general causes, as well as the most common circumstances, why your cat could have a urination problem.

Bad Nutrition

You want to make sure to give your cat a quality supplement. Maintenance food lines usually have ingredients that in addition to causing obesity, favor the formation of stones which will cause urinary problems.

It occupies a line of premium or super premium food that not only takes care of their kidney health but also stimulates water consumption in your pet. A feline that drinks plenty of clean, freshwater is less likely to have urination problems!

Bladder stone problem 

This is another of the most common causes why your cat cannot urinate. Depending on the size of the stones and the severity of the problem, the obstruction could be partial, making urination difficult and causing burning or pain, or total.

Your cat could have stress problems 

A stressful condition or that keeps your gift anxious or nervous, will undoubtedly affect their habits, not only when occupying the litterbox, but also when eating or resting.

If your kitten has recently undergone a sudden change, such as a move, the arrival of a new pet at home, or the presence of a stranger, its behavior problems could be a consequence of this abnormality.

what does it mean if my cat vomits white foam

Other causes that could lead to urinary disorders 

In addition to those already mentioned, your cat may have problems urinating due to a bacterial infection (which is usually very common in diabetic cats or those that already have a previous kidney condition), possible abnormalities or malformations in the urinary tract, and cystitis idiopathic, characterized among other things by the presence of blood in the urine.

You must be alert to any of these conditions because if they are not attended to in time they could be lethal.

Prevent urinary problems

Preventive medicine is the best option when it comes to taking care of your cat’s kidney health. Anticipate urinary problems by selecting the right diet for it at a young age.

If your pet has a kidney condition, do not hesitate to feed it special food formulas suited for such conditions.

Make sure your cat has fresh water 

It is normal for cats to be a bit reluctant to hydrate as often as necessary. Some kittens are quite fussy about the purity of the water, its freshness, as well as the container from which they drink it.

Some diets for cats are formulated to force the pet to drink frequently. You can also help make drinking water a pleasure for your cat, always offering clean, fresh, and preferably drinkable water.

Monitor the hygiene of the litterbox 

Keeping your cat’s litter tray in optimal condition will help it to go to it frequently, without causing discomfort or stress.

Believe it or not, the place in the house where you place the litter box, the constant hygiene of the substrate or sand, as well as the possibility that your cat comes to it without feeling threatened or observed, are determining factors for the health and behavior of your pet.

Provide several servings of food per day 

Offering your cat small portions of food during the day is a very effective way to take care of its kidney health. It is not enough to choose a good supplement for the care of the urinary tract, eating in small portions helps the urine pH to remain stable and balanced.

Don’t forget to avoid stressful situations! 

Being alone for a long time, the arrival of a new pet at home, sudden changes in the environment … All these factors alter the tranquility of your cat, and believe it or not, situations of anxiety or stress can lead your pet to live an episode of idiopathic cystitis.

Watch every detail from the feeding and the care of your cat with attention and affection. In this way, you can be sure that you will keep your kidney health and any inconvenience that may affect it under control.

Cats With Down Syndrome, Reality or Myth?

Cats With Down Syndrome, Reality or Myth?

You have probably heard of Down Syndrome in cats, especially due to some cases of genetic malformations in felines that have become very popular thanks to some Instagram accounts.

Crossed eyes, dwarfism, twisted limbs syndrome, or some alterations in the shape of the skull or nose are some of the traits that you can find in some felines.

They are rescued by people with big hearts, who decide to give them a second chance and show the world that with love, tolerance, acceptance, good nutrition, and all the care, they too can have a great quality of life.

Is there Down syndrome in cats?

The first thing to clarify is that there are many doubts about whether or not there is Down syndrome in cats . Science explains that affirming such a thing is an error and one of the most powerful arguments they offer is that the condition appears in humans as a consequence of an alteration in chromosome 21.

All beings have genetic information, but the way the chromosome pairs are grouped varies greatly from one species to another.

This makes talking about Down Syndrome an exclusive condition of the human race, although science already accepts similar cases in gorillas or chimpanzees, taking into account that the affinity of their chromosomes with those of humans, coincides in 98%.

Thus, we can see how in dogs or cats there are alterations in other pairs of chromosomes, which can cause genetic malformations such as: anatomical abnormalities, physical alterations or mobility problems, and certain cognitive difficulties. Neither of them should be considered a form of Down Syndrome.

Genetic Alterations in Cats 

We must remember how natural selection works and how this process affects cats with genetic alterations. The reason why it is not usual to see a kitten with certain malformations is because naturally the mother considers it unfit and decides to abandon it or deny it the necessary care after its birth.

Many rescue groups are lucky enough to find these little creatures and work hard with them to give them a second chance. These pets are placed in foster homes, where they receive all the necessary care and, in some cases, they come to find permanent homes where they live very happily.

It is not normal for people to decide to adopt a cat with genetic malformations, cognitive problems, or reduced mobility. In most cases, they are rejected because of their appearance, their behavior, or because their health is usually fragile and requires not only diets specially formulated for conditions such as sensitive stomachs or kidney problems but also constant veterinary care.

However, social media has served to encourage other people about these disabled kittens. They not only educate us in love and tolerance, but also to understand that these creatures can have a full, beautiful, and quite normal life.

My cat is different, why is that?

In humans, Down Syndrome can cause growth retardation and physical characteristics such as wide-set eyes, a flat nose, a protruding tongue, or shorthands.

Many people believe that their cat suffers from this genetic abnormality due to its physical appearance, behavior, lack of balance, or immaturity. However, these are peculiarities that can appear for other reasons or pathologies, such as inbreeding, which can cause physical and mental abnormalities in cats; malnutrition, or even being part of the character of the pet.

Other disorders that can be diagnosed in cats and have characteristics similar to Down syndrome are:

  • Cerebral hypoplasia: a neurodevelopmental disorder where young are born with an immature cerebellum.
  • Klinefelter syndrome: chromosomal abnormality in which the male cat is born with three sex chromosomes (XXY) and they are sterile.
  • Distal polyneuropathy: produces decreased or absent reflexes and muscle tone, weakness or paralysis.
  • Feline dysautonomia: a degenerative disease that affects the Autonomous Nervous System, with ocular and digestive symptoms.

Just because your kitten has different features and “strange” behavior, it doesn’t mean that it has Down syndrome.

How to care for a cat with genetic alterations?

In general, many cases of kittens with genetic malformations show us that these animals get used to living with their limitations, becoming very similar to normal cats.

However, taking into account that there are mobility limitations, certain physical problems, or behavioral changes, as a pet parent it is important to take some more than necessary measures.

First of all, it is possible that your cat does not have the agility of a normal cat, so it is recommended to keep the space clear and discard some high-rise structures, which could cause accidents or injuries.

Certain cats with cognitive disorders become disoriented, so they may have stages in which they reject the litter box, meow for a long time at the least indicated times, or have unusual behaviors. For all this, the only solution is unconditional love and tolerance.

Famous cats with “Down syndrome”

Kittens like Monty or Maya, who have become true stars of social networks and accumulate millions of followers on Instagram or Facebook, draw attention for their curious physical appearance, however, in terms of behavior, these felines lead a similar life to the rest of the cats.

Their owners have taken advantage of the physical peculiarities and the character of these pets to start fundraising campaigns and raise awareness about genetic diseases and pathologies in cats, publish books, and even lines of clothing and accessories for animals.

Even so, you already know that these kitties do not suffer from Down syndrome, but other pathologies are what make them different.

In conclusion, the different chromosomal structure of cats means that they cannot have the same type of alterations as humans, which is why cats with Down syndrome do not exist. If you notice any strange behavior in your pet, the best thing you can do is take it to the vet for a full diagnosis through genetic tests, blood tests, or X-rays and, if necessary, seek a second opinion.

The Life Span of Scottish Fold Cats: Their Average Age and How To Increase It

The life span of Scottish fold cats: their average age and how to increase it

The lifespan of Scottish Fold cats depends on three conditions: congenital genetics, maintenance, and nutrition. Of course, good inheritance from the parent British breed plays an important role.

But unscrupulous breeding or non-compliance with the conditions of detention can significantly shorten the life of a Scottish cat.

How long do Scottish Fold cats live at home?

Each breed has its own biological clock that measures the time of approaching old age. It is interesting that this criterion has not yet been deciphered by genetic scientists and the life span of Scottish Fold cats is determined only by practical observations.

Experts and professional cat breeders operate with a 15-year cut. During this time, the Scotsman goes through a full cycle of development – from birth and growing up to old age.

Felinologists have compared the life expectancy of a Scottish cat with representatives of other breeds. For this, parallels were drawn with the indicators of animals that took part in the selection of the Scottish Fold.

  • British short and long-haired cats. These are the direct ancestors of the Scots, who were separated into a separate tribal group due to the genetic mutation of the ears. The life expectancy of the British reaches 20 years.
  • American Shorthair breed. According to one version, British cats came to the islands with the Roman conquerors at the beginning of the last millennium or were later brought by the crusaders. So shorthaired “Americans” also influenced how long Scottish cats live. The average lifespan of these cats is 15 years.

The next nuance is an intra-tribal division into fold-eared and straight-eared (straight). This is one and the same group of cats, only with a different manifestation of the set of fd genes, which are responsible for the structure of the auricle.

Scottish Fold

All Scottish kittens are born with normal ears. At the age of 2-3 weeks, it is already possible to understand which babies appeared in the litter.

  • in the fdfd variant, cats with ordinary ears are born;
  • with a combination of Fdfd or FdFd, the tips of the ears are curved.

The presence of diseases of the musculoskeletal system also depends on how many years a Scottish cat will live. Lop-eared pets are prone to this pathology due to a gene that deforms the ear cartilage. Therefore, straight-eared Scottish cats are believed to live longer.

Important! In the absence of genetic abnormalities, straight-eared and lop-eared Scots develop the same way and almost always live to a venerable age.

Factors affecting health and life expectancy

The life span of Scottish Fold cats is directly related to the conditions of their keeping. Three components are especially important here: no stress, quality feeding and timely veterinary procedures.

Interesting! Zoopsychologists have noticed that the Fold-eared Scots, in close contact with children, are afraid for the safety of the fragile auricle. Especially if you have already become acquainted with the painful sensations during games and stroking the head. In such situations, the Scots prefer to hide and not participate in general entertainment, which is unusual for cats of this breed.

How to prolong the life of a Scottish Fold

Recommendations of veterinarians and felinologists will help to significantly increase the life span of a Scottish Fold. They concern:

  • disease prevention;
  • correct feeding;
  • hygiene procedures;
  • regular physical activity, etc.

Regular and timely prevention of diseases of a lop-eared cat

The guarantee of the longevity of the Scottish cat is timely vaccination. Kittens undergo the first veterinary procedures even at the breeders. By the age of 3 months, the baby must be vaccinated and treated against external and internal parasites. In the future, complex vaccination and rabies prophylaxis is performed once a year.

Regular antiparasitic treatment is equally important. It is carried out once a month for fleas and once every 5-6 months for worms.

Proper feeding of the Scottish cat

With the diet of the animal, problems usually do not arise – fold-eared Scottish cats are not very picky about food. The only thing that can affect the life expectancy is the non-observance of the balance of nutrients in the pet’s body.

Three approaches to compiling a feline diet are considered:

  1. Natural food, when the owner independently calculates the weight of the food and the size of the daily portion.
  2. Commercial food is given to the cat according to the manufacturer’s recommendations.
  3. A mixed-method in which both types of food are combined.
The Life Span of Scottish Fold Cats: their average age and how to increase it

The diet of a Scottish cat necessarily changes depending on its age:

  1. In childhood, it is preferable to feed your pet with natural products. The owner monitors the development of the animal and can correct both the portion size and its useful content in time.
  2. As they reach puberty, cats usually switch to dry pellets. Even in the event of an exacerbation of any disease, you can always choose a premium composition with a suitable set of vitamins and minerals.
  3. In old age, Scottish Fold prefers a mixed type of feeding. During this period, problems with teeth often arise – the animal completely refuses granular formulations, even if they are slightly soaked.

Hygiene and care of the Scottish cat

For lop-eared cats that do not leave the apartment, a standard set of hygiene procedures is recommended:

  • Grooming – weekly brushing, which is repeated 2-3 times a week during the period of active shedding.
  • The oral cavity is examined once a month: the condition of the teeth, tongue, palate, and gums.
  • As dirt develops, the nose and eye area are cleaned.
  • Ears are treated once a month – they remove dirt and sulfur from them.

When cleansing the auricles in lop-eared pets, additional precautions must be taken. Flexible cartilage can be easily injured and painful. The pet’s ears are gently folded back to remove dirt.

It is recommended to use liquid ear drops or lotions, which will penetrate the ear canal by themselves and neutralize wax.

Important! Keeping a Scottish cat outside the home (in open enclosures and free-range) requires more frequent hygiene procedures. Aggressive external environment promotes the multiplication of pathogenic bacteria, due to which destructive processes in the body occur faster.

The Life Span of Scottish Fold Cats: their average age and how to increase it

Education and physical activity for the Fold Scotsman

It is noticed that the threshold of 15-20 years old increases depending on the loads that the kitten receives in childhood. The richer the program of an early age, the longer the passive period of the onset of feline old age and the lower the risk of diseases.

The next point concerns education and training – Scottish Fold cats are distinguished by a high level of learning and easily adapt to various tasks.

It is best to train your pet through a game in which it is in direct contact with a person.

Limiting stress factors in cats

We can say that all the preceding points to some extent touch on this issue. By the type of organization of the nervous system, the Scots are closest to the group of sanguine cats. They are affectionate, good-natured, in a natural setting, they are devoid of signs of aggression and love to be in a team.

Deviation from this norm can throw them off balance and cause stress. For the rest, it is enough for the owners to devote time and attention to their pets so that the stress factor will forever recede into the background.

Sterilization and neutering of Scottish cats

The sex of an animal does not affect its lifespan. But sterilized fold and Scottish cats live longer due to the absence of diseases of the organs of the reproductive system.

However, after surgery, hormonal changes occur in the animal’s body that causes an increase in appetite. Therefore, the life span of castrated Scottish Fold cats may be shortened due to excess weight, which increases the risk of kidney and heart disease. But if the owner strictly monitors the diet, and the cat leads an active lifestyle, then the pet will not have health problems.

The Life Span of Scottish Fold Cats: their average age and how to increase it

Scottish Fold cats have not yet become a mass breed. Their breeding is associated with genetic problems that have not been fully understood. This breed is still not recognized by some felinological organizations, which also hinders the widespread distribution of Fold Scots.

But a good-natured character, normal health indicators and an unusual appearance are gradually breaking the established distrust. The opportunity to have a funny pet next to you for a decade and a half turns out to be stronger than other fears and risks.

British Cats: How The Right Home Conditions and Proper Grooming Affect Life Expectancy

British cats: how the right home conditions and proper grooming affect life expectancy

The lifespan of British cats primarily depends on good heredity. But there are a number of other influencing factors, each of which can increase or shorten the life cycle of a British breed.

We will learn how to properly care for a pet so that it pleases the owner with its presence for many years.

How long do British cats live?

There are several species of animals that are considered indigenous to their territories. British cats have been living on the islands for more than a dozen centuries and their longevity is comparable to the same pets from other regions. All of them were formed in natural conditions and went through the same evolutionary path.

The average life expectancy of a Bbritish Shorthair is 15 years, and further years depend on the general health and conditions of detention. Scientists have shown that castration and living at home have a positive effect on how long cats live. Practice confirms that in this way animals get about 5 additional years.

It is completely incorrect to compare purebred cats with street tramps. Stray cats rarely live to full maturity (7-9 years). They die from infections and wounds received in battles for a piece of meat or a warm place.

British Shorthair

Factors affecting animal health

The number of years that a pet can live directly depends on the conditions of detention, starting from the first day the kitten appears in the house.

British cats live up to 14-15 years. Representatives of this breed, as it should be for real aborigines, have strong immunity and natural resistance to diseases. Along with other aboriginal animals, English cats became the parent breed for other local populations.

  1. Long-haired cat. This is a group of cats culled from breeding. In addition to a fluffy coat, she inherited good genetics and strong immunity. The average life expectancy of long-haired British cats is still 15 years old, and neutered animals at home calmly live up to 20 years.
  2. Lop-eared British. Later they received the name Scottish, but initially, they belonged precisely to the parent group. These animals were unlucky with genetics – some combinations of alleles lead to permanent damage to the musculoskeletal system and the spine. But the lifespan of healthy individuals is no different from the parent breed. Lop-eared British live a standard one and a half decades. And sterilized British Fold cats, which the owners provide a comfortable home environment, are able to live 3-4 years longer.

Important! The main factors that affect the longevity of British cats are the correct maintenance, veterinary support and a balanced menu.

How to extend your Cat’s life

It depends only on the owner of the animal how many years a thoroughbred British cat will live. There is an unfounded opinion that all pets who live in a comfortable home environment are prone to longevity. But this is a false conclusion. Even improper feeding can significantly shorten a cat’s life cycle.

Regular and timely prevention of diseases in cats

Going to the doctor and drawing up a cat’s medical book is one of the first steps that must be taken when an animal appears in the house.

In the first weeks of life, kittens support their natural immunity with the help of mother’s milk. At the age of 3 months, babies are vaccinated and treated against external and internal parasites. It is not recommended to pick up a British kitten early from the mother, the ideal age for weaning from a cat is 12 weeks.

British Cats: How The Right Home Conditions and Proper Grooming Affect Life Expectancy

Annual vaccinations are needed to prevent serious illnesses. Some owners believe that domestic cats do not need to be vaccinated. In fact, with shoes and clothes, parasites and viruses get into the room, which poses a serious threat to the life of the animal.

Therefore, it is very important to vaccinate every year throughout the life of a British cat.

Correct feeding

A balanced diet is the second criterion that affects the longevity of a British cat. Three menu options are traditionally considered here:

  • natural food made from fresh products;
  • industrial group – dry granules or wet meat and vegetable components;
  • British cat mixed ration – a combination of the first and second types of food.

Each type of feeding has its own advantages and disadvantages.

  1. Natural food is ideal for the full development of a kitten. The little Briton’s menu should include meat and dairy products, cereals, and vegetables.
  2. At puberty, dry pellets or wet industrial feed can be added to the diet. There are mixes made specifically for castrated British cats. They contain vitamins and minerals necessary to maintain the health of the genitourinary system.
  3. In adulthood, animals are usually transferred to a mixed diet. Older British cats are prone to overeating and gaining weight. And with a mixed meal, the owner has the opportunity to monitor the portion size and its useful filling. For example, neutered cats can live 4-5 years longer, but being overweight increases the strain on the heart, which often leads to premature death.

The composition of the feed must be selected taking into account the age and health of the animal. A young and active Briton is given a high-calorie food, and for a passive elderly animal, you should choose foods that are easily absorbed by the digestive organs.

Hygiene and care

Grooming of the British Shorthair cat is usually limited to regular brushing, bathing, and other hygiene procedures.

  1. General mucous membrane hygiene consists of regularly removing accumulated dirt from the corners of the eyes and cleaning the nose.
  2. Ears are cleaned as soon as they become dirty.
  3. Lop-eared British (Scottish) cats are treated with a liquid solution. The folded edge is carefully folded back, dirt is removed with a cotton swab, and drops or a special lotion are used to remove sulfur from the ear canal.
  4. Combing is carried out 1-2 times a week using a regular cat comb for wool and undercoat or a special mitten.
  5. During the period of abundant molting, the procedure is performed more often (as needed).
British Cats: How The Right Home Conditions and Proper Grooming Affect Life Expectancy

Education and exercise for a cat

The British are reserved. They love privacy and do not allow them to violate the boundaries of personal space. Therefore, it is necessary to devote a lot of time to raising a cat, but at the same time, you should not put strong pressure on it. Then the animal grows up sociable and will spend more time with the owner.

Representatives of this breed are prone to obesity, so you need to strictly monitor the physical activity and nutrition of the cat.

Limiting stressors

British cats are relatively calm animals. But in some cases, they can show aggression, for example, when they want to defend their territory or when they are being violent towards them.

It is necessary to prepare the cat in advance for a stressful situation. Almost all pets are afraid of visiting the vet. In foreign territory, the Briton does not feel protected and may show aggression. Therefore, you need to accustom your pet to carry in advance and, if possible, find a permanent doctor.

The cat will behave much calmer if the examination and other manipulations are performed by a person familiar to him.

Animal psychology experts recommend giving the British cat freedom, but at the same time minimizing risk factors.

British Cats: How The Right Home Conditions and Proper Grooming Affect Life Expectancy

Sterilization and castration

Neutering affects how old British cats live. A decrease in sex drive and a change in hormonal levels have a beneficial effect on the life expectancy of a pet.

The surgical procedure is performed when the animal does not participate in breeding. Sterilization and castration are two different operations:

  1. For castration, the testes or ovaries are removed from animals.
  2. During sterilization, the reproductive organs are preserved, only a part of the fallopian tubes (in females) and the spermatic cord (in males) are removed. At the same time, all-natural instincts continue to operate and during the mating season, cats are in search of a partner. But due to the operation performed, they are not able to have offspring.

Experts recommend performing the operation on young animals aged 9 months to 1 year – during this period, the British tolerate surgery more easily. But sometimes sterilization is carried out at the age of 5-7 years, for example, when the owner of the cat no longer plans to breed purebred kittens.

Famous British centenarians

Many representatives of this breed claimed the title of long-livers:

  1. The owners of the British cat Muscat, which, according to rough estimates, was 31 years old, applied for the book of records. But the problem was that the animal was found on the street in 1990 and the veterinarian determined that the cat was 5 years old at that time. Now the owners are proving the truth of this statement and are trying to legitimize the national longevity record.
  2. The same fate befell the famous Lucy from South Wales, who lived for 43 years. Picky experts questioned the authenticity of the feline documents and did not immortalize the memory of this animal.

The life span of British cats must be divided into two unequal parts. The first includes early childhood and reaching puberty.

If at this time the animal eats well and is under the constant supervision of a veterinarian, then the second half of life (maturity and old age) will pass calmly and will not end soon.

Maximum attention and love for a fluffy pet is all that is needed for a cat to live next to its owner as long as possible.

How Long Do Persian Cats Live, and How To Extend Their Life

How long do Persian cats live, and how to extend their life

Persian cats and breeds that belong to this group (Himalayan, exotic), for some reason, are considered centenarians. They often live to the venerable 20 years of age, but there is no official data on this. The life span of animals is influenced by many factors, from hereditary predisposition to housing conditions.

Recommendations from competent breeders will help you figure out how to prolong the active life of a Persian cat at home.

How long do Persian cats live at home?

Persians are the most famous breed in the world, which came to Europe at the beginning of the 17th century. Since then, cats have changed a lot and now they cannot live without human care.

The transformation was so powerful that the breed even lost its original phylogeographic signature and completely merged with the genetics of cats in Western Europe.

According to Swedish animal life insurance companies, Persian cats live at home for about 12.5 years. Moreover, 76% do not even reach the age of 10, and the statistics are pulled up by the remaining quarter of the group.

British researchers give a different forecast – according to the version, the period of life of cats of the Persian breed is limited to 12-17 years, and the average value is at the level of 14.1.

Persian cat

It is known that the Persians had to undergo a serious change in appearance, which provoked a decrease in the life of animals. Persian cats were subjected to uncontrolled selection, which resulted in three varieties (traditional, European, and flat-nosed ultra type).

They also got a number of diseases and forgot how to adapt to the environment. Against this background, a decrease in life expectancy looks like a natural result.

Factors affecting the health and life expectancy of Persian cats at home

In the middle of the twentieth century, the Persian breed was overtaken by an unknown genetic mutation. Their already short snub noses have become even smaller. Representatives of this branch were called “Peking”, although the international felinological associations did not change the standard.

They simply did not oppose the appearance at exhibitions of animals with new parameters and considered them the result of the natural development of the classic Iranian breed.

As a result of selection, three species of Persian cats were formed, in which the size, shape, and position of the nose became the main distinguishing feature.

  1. In the classic group, a small, straight nose is below eye level.
  2. The European population reduced this part of the muzzle, introduced snub-noses, and raised the nose in line with the lower eyelid.
  3. Extreme type – the nose rises to the upper edge of the eye.

It was later revealed that flat-faced Persian cats’ lifespan at home had decreased, and they developed health problems that were not previously present.

Persian Cat
  1. Shortness of breath and difficulty breathing – sometimes this symptom greatly worries the owners of Persian cats living at home. You have to urgently go to the veterinarian and constantly monitor the condition of the animal.
  2. Entropy – usually affects the lower eyelid, which folds inward. In this case, the cilia can rub and damage the cornea of ​​the eye, cause injury, pain, and infection.
  3. Another symptom leads to similar consequences – trichiasis of the upper eyelid or nasal fold. Here, the hair grows so close to the eye that it irritates the pupil and causes damage.
  4. Difficult childbirth – dystocia. It occurs quite often in the life of domestic cats. The birth of dead offspring in the breed is now at the level of 16-22%.

Other diseases that affect the lifespan of Persian cats at home are more common among other animals and are common to all breeds.

1.The appearance of multiple cysts in the kidneys or polycystic disease (PBP) is a genetic disease that manifests itself in the development of structural abnormalities of the renal tubules and the formation of cysts. At the end of the last century, the pathology was diagnosed in half of the animals aged from 3 to 10 years, which significantly reduced the lifespan of Persian cats at home.

Thanks to the movement of animal rights activists, this catastrophic statistics was corrected. Most reputable breeders do DNA tests on animals and only breed animals that do not have the gene responsible for transmission of the disease.

2.Cardiomyopathy is the inability of the heart muscle to pump blood normally due to a thickening of the wall of the left chamber. The disease often leads to sudden death. It greatly affects how long castrated Persian cats live. After surgery, such animals are prone to gaining excess weight, which causes additional stress on the cardiovascular system.

In some breeds (Maine Coon, American Shorthair) the genetic nature of this disease has been confirmed, but experts have included Persian cats in this list.

Other ailments are not so fatal, but they can also cause great anxiety to the owners of animals and take time for treatment.

  • Improper bite and lack of ability to chew food normally.
  • Lowering the level of sensitivity in the field of thermal protection.
  • Sebaceous adenoma is a slowly growing tumor on the skin of a Persian cat.
  • Lupus erythematosus is a malfunction of the feline body’s immune system.
  • Various types of dermatological diseases associated with the anatomy of the structure of the muzzle in Persian cats.

Interesting! The Persians have traditionally been participants in the selection of new tribal groups, and in no small measure are responsible for the spread of genetic predisposition to certain types of diseases.

How to extend the life of a Persian cat at home

How Long Do Persian Cats Live, and How To Extend Their Life

A complex of preventive measures will help the cat to live to old age, although it will not in any way affect the general negative development trends that follow this ancient and very beautiful breed.

Regular and timely prevention of diseases

Visits to the veterinarian should be started from the first days of the kitten’s life in the new home. The same recommendation applies to adult animals. Moving to a new location creates real stress for them, which can result in physical health problems. Often there is a prolonged depression, which is extremely difficult to get rid of without the help of a specialist.

The life span of Persian cats at home is sometimes reduced due to their main external advantage – luxurious coats. The animals are very clean and lick themselves constantly. Microparticles of skin and hair enter the stomach and form thick lumps (trichobezoars).

The pet loses its appetite, becomes apathetic, suffers from constipation. In later stages, the body temperature rises, there is an urge to vomit. The danger is that all of the listed signs are universal for many diseases. The owner is unlikely to make the correct diagnosis at home.

Important! Every year, the Persian cat must be vaccinated with complex preparations and prevent the appearance of external (fleas) and internal (worms) parasites. This can protect the animal from many diseases and increase its lifespan.

Correct feeding

Persians do not express finickiness in choosing a daily menu, but nutritional problems begin not with food, but with the organization of a feeding place. Due to the characteristic short nose, it is necessary to choose wide bowls for food and drink, with small sides and a flat (no depression in the middle) bottom.

Neglecting these details will have an extremely negative impact on the emotional state of the Persian cat. She will be nervous, will not be able to feel comfortable, and will start throwing food around.

As well as for other breeds, felinologists recommend three types of food for Persian cats:

  1. In childhood, preference is given to natural products – how long Persian kittens live on such a diet, the owner determines himself, taking into account the physical condition of the pet.
  2. In the active period of life, the cat is transferred to industrial dry or wet food.
  3. In old age, the diet should be combined.

Important! You cannot feed a Persian cat with fatty meat and bone-cartilaginous tissue, fatty milk, spices and sweets, some types of vegetables (eggplant, potatoes).

How Long Do Persian Cats Live, and How To Extend Their Life

Hygiene and care

Due to the characteristic flat structure of the muzzle, the lacrimal glands of the Persians are blocked, therefore, the eyes and nose of the animal require careful care.

The ears are cleaned of sulfur deposits using cotton swabs or sticks, and the inside of the ear canal is treated with drops or lotions. White cats traditionally suffer from hearing problems or general deafness, which occurs in all breeds and is not considered an individual disadvantage of the Persians.

Persian cats have very thin and long hair, which, without proper care, quickly forms untidy mats. Therefore, you need to comb the animal daily, and during the period of active molting, this procedure is repeated several times a day.

Education and physical activity

Small Persian kittens are playful and lively, which corresponds to the general idea of ​​cats. With age, animals begin to behave more calmly. This breed has at the genetic level such character traits as kindness and affection for humans.

Persian cats live long only at home, under the tutelage of the owner.

Limiting stressors

Felinologists do not officially recognize the influence of the mood and emotional state of animals on their health. However, Persian cat owners notice the relationship between stress and possible physiological problems.

Anxiety and irritation, followed by a nervous breakdown in the Persians, can be caused by any unexpected events:

  • change of residence and owner;
  • loud noises or unexpected behavior;
  • a sharp decrease (increase) in air temperature, change in the level of humidity;
  • chemical irritants (alcohol, tobacco, smoke);
  • food stimulants (lack of nutrition, lack of vitamin and mineral support);
  • emotional signs (transportation in a cage, the appearance of new people, a long break in communication, jealousy).

The manifestation of anxiety symptoms depends on individual characteristics but is most often characterized by increased breathing, diarrhea, and frequent urination, as well as temperature changes, lack of appetite.

For domestic Persian cats, it is extremely important to prevent stressors so as not to traumatize the psyche of a pampered pet. At such moments, he needs affection, participation, communication, and the attention of the owner.

To the constant irritants that will regularly appear in the life of a cat, he must gradually get used to it. This is how the fear of loud sounds or intolerance to the carrying cage passes. It will take several preliminary sessions, then the Persian cat will normally perceive such events.

How Long Do Persian Cats Live, and How To Extend Their Life

Sterilization and castration, the effect of surgery on life expectancy at home

Uninformed people mistakenly believe that sterilization is performed on females, and castration – on males. In fact, the sex of the animal has nothing to do with the procedure. In the first option (sterilization), the fallopian tubes (for females) or the seminal ducts (for males) are ligated.

In the second case (castration) in males and females, the internal organs that are responsible for reproductive activity are removed.

Castration affects how long Persian cats live:

  • The hormonal background changes and the appetite of animals increases sharply – cats are prone to overeating, followed by obesity.
  • The risk of kidney stones is increased.

Therefore, it is necessary to control the diet, volume, and calorie content of portions. Manufacturers recommend special mixtures for such animals.

The operation has almost no effect on the lifespan of sterilized Persian cats. It is only necessary to organize a safe period after surgery. And if you follow the rules of feeding, then a castrated Persian cat is likely to live a very long life.

Famous Persians and long-livers of the breed

There have never been real pensioners among the Persians. Only one white-tortoiseshell cat is known for certain, living up to 19.5 years.

But in art and cinema, Persian cats have a really long and fruitful life:

  • Sotheby’s sold a painting by the artist Karl Kahler (Austria), in which the main characters were 42 Persian cats.
  • Florence Nightingale, the most famous English sister of mercy, kept 60 Persians at home.
  • Raymond Chandler (author of detective novels) read his writings to the black Persian cat Taki.

The collection of admirers of magnificent long-haired beauties includes the legendary Cardinal Richelieu and Marilyn Monroe, the French monarch Louis XIV and Ernest Hemingway, the English Queen Victoria, and the musician Freddie Mercury.

Some of the difficulties in caring for long hair, Persian cats more than pay off with their unmatched appearance, gentle character, and boundless love for the owner. Under good conditions, they are able to live a long feline life, remaining healthy and active until old age.