It is always pleasant to see your dog clean and shiny. For some breeds, this requires a few baths each year. They should be done using specific dog shampoos, not the product we use to wash our hair. Their skin and ours are different in several ways.
For some dogs, the bath is a must. It’s given to them once or more times a year to allow them to stay clean and to preserve the beauty of their coat. But for this to be effective and not harmful, we must take care to choose the right shampoo. This choice depends on several criteria, including the type of skin and the specifics of the dog’s hair. How do you choose the right product? Here are our tips.
Skin more sensitive than ours
The skin of the dog has characteristics and specificities which are not the same as ours. The outer shell of our 4-legged friends is more fragile and more sensitive. It is good to know that the epidermis of dogs is only 30 to 95 microns thick, but its thinness is not the only aspect that differentiates it from human skin.
Our skin has, in fact, an acidic pH, since it is between 5.5 and 6, while the canine skin is closer to neutral pH (between 6 and 7). It is therefore essential to wash your dog only using a shampoo specifically designed to cleanse and respect the sensitive skin that characterizes it.
Many dog owners tend to use their hair shampoo on their dogs, which is obviously a mistake. Others think that by using a special baby shampoo or other products dedicated to humans, but softer, they take better care of their pet. Again, the reasoning is wrong.
Shampoos for dogs are designed to meet the specific needs of their skin and coat. They are based on powerful cleansing agents and on a composition tolerated by the different structures of its skin.
Different types of shampoo
Shampoos for dogs are based on surfactants of various kinds. The surfactants are compounds that alter the surface tension between two surfaces (between the two liquid phases, in the case of shampoo). A distinction is made, on one hand, between anionic and cationic surfactants, which play a key role in the formation of foam but which are liable to cause irritation if used inappropriately, and on the other, non-ionic surfactants whose cleaning power is less while being less aggressive.
The choice of the type of shampoo will therefore be determined, to a large extent, by the specifics of the dog’s skin and coat. There are also shampoos for dogs depending on problems such as (anti-itching, anti-hair loss, anti-allergic, anti-aoutat, anti-ticks, and anti-fleas).
Choose according to the skin
For an inexperienced owner, it is difficult to know the exact type of skin on their dog. It is, therefore, preferable to contact the veterinarian to have the right information in this regard, and therefore opt for the appropriate washing product.
By type of skin, we refer to two possibilities: oily or dry. Oily skins are those which tend to produce large amounts of sebum, this fatty film which plays an essential role in the external protection of the animal. In this case, use a shampoo with an astringent effect.
If, on the other hand, the dog has dry skin (with less secretion of sebum), it is rather advisable to opt for a product comprising a vegetable oil supporting rehydration.