Dachshund is one of the longest-lived breeds, but its life span is also limited to 14 years. Slowing down the aging process of a pet and protecting it from sudden death is possible only if you give it due attention, properly care for and monitor its health.
The average life span of a dachshund is 12-14 years. At the same time, it was recorded that small representatives (dwarf and rabbit) live 2-3 years longer.
The sex of the animal also affects the lifespan:
- Males are less prone to sexual problems, their general health is almost independent of the functioning of the reproductive system.
- Females often suffer from various pathologies of the uterus, so they need more sterilization. A dachshund female, free from sexual problems, can live even longer than a male.
Some dachshunds live for more than 17 years thanks to proper care, home maintenance, and quality nutrition. The record was set by the dog Rocky, who lived for 25 years.
How to Find Out The Age of a Dachshund
It is impossible to say exactly how the age of the dachshund relates to the human. On average, in the first year of life, a puppy grows up to 15 years. In the following years, it adds 5-7 years. At 16 years old, the dog reaches a ripe old age (70-80 years).
The approximate age of an unfamiliar dachshund can be determined by several criteria:
- the condition of the coat (dull sparse hair with graying in the nose and lips is a sign that the dog is at least 7 years old);
- the older the dog, the deeper the eyes are set;
- the teeth of young animals (up to 24 months old) are white, strongly pointed, over time they round off in the following order: lower toes, lower incisors, canines, upper toes; in older dogs, the enamel is yellow, with signs of tartar.
How to Extend The Life of a Dachshund
The lifespan is not a fixed value. This indicator is individual for each individual. Some dachshunds can live for 20 years, others die before reaching a year.
Unfortunately, in some situations, a person cannot do anything. But you must always fight for the life of a pet. And the main human weapon in the face of active aging in dogs is proper care.
Food is what gives energy and strength to live. A balanced diet is the key to a strong skeleton and the normal functioning of all organs of domestic dachshunds. The dog’s diet should include proteins, fats and carbohydrates, the required amounts of calcium, magnesium, vitamins B, C, and A, iodine, fluoride, and other trace elements.
The whole complex is contained in expensive super-premium food.
Natural food for a pet is difficult to develop and balance on its own.
Vitamin supplements are recommended for proper puppy development and slowing aging in adult dachshunds.
The serving size should not be too large (lead to obesity and disorders in the musculoskeletal system) or too small (exhaustion, ulcers).
How much food a particular dog needs is determined by weight and size – for every pound of weight, 40 grams of food is needed.
Important! In order not to upset the balance of the delicate microflora of the pet’s stomach and intestines, it is important to warm up the food to room temperature. Failure to comply with this rule leads to gastritis.
Poisoning or severe indigestion can lead to premature aging and even death. To prevent this from happening, it is forbidden to feed the dachshund with human home and store food, bones.
Walks and games
Dachshunds are historically city dogs living in apartments. Therefore, they feel fine in a closed area: a spacious house and a small room will do.
Dachshunds live at home no less than their counterparts who settled outside the city in a cozy kennel.
It is only necessary to follow the walking schedule (2 times a day for 40-80 minutes), often play with the pet, evenly distributing the load on the hind and front limbs.
Important! Domestic dachshunds, which rarely and little walk, quickly gain weight, suffer from obesity – this leads to distortion of the vertebrae and joints, which significantly shortens their life.
Timely treatment and deworming
The launched course of a focal acute disease develops into a chronic one. Therefore, it is important to treat all infectious, colds, and other pathologies.
To avoid the development of possible genetic diseases, it is recommended that every six months drive a tax to an appointment with a veterinarian, periodically do an ultrasound scan, and take general blood and urine tests.
The main prevention of deadly infectious diseases in dogs is the annual comprehensive vaccination:
A mandatory procedure for pets is also deworming – cleansing of all types of worms. It is carried out every 3-4 months using tablets or suspensions.
Care and hygiene
Dachshund caring is one of the main factors affecting a pet’s lifespan. Good hygiene can help prevent many diseases.
For example, timely cleaning of the ears (4-6 times a week) and their regular examination is a guarantee of the absence of otitis media. And trimmed nails on time (a monthly procedure) are the key to healthy paws, reducing the risk of injury.
Important! The main thing in caring for a dachshund is timely treatment for ectoparasites. Infection with piroplasmosis significantly reduces the activity of the immune system. And frequent scratching of the skin causes complications in the form of alopecia and dermatitis.
Causes of Premature Death in Dachshunds
The most common cause of premature death in dachshunds is viral diseases. More than 40% of unvaccinated puppies die from infections. An infected adult dachshund also has little chance of recovery.
Dogs often die from the following congenital genetic or acquired diseases:
- epilepsy (a neurological disorder that causes severe seizures throughout the body; without constant control with stabilizing drugs, the disease will lead to death);
- deformation of the chest;
Important! Dachshund is a hunting dog, driven by instinct. Any contact with a wild animal or bird can lead to death if the “prey” was infected with rabies or plague. Prevention – vaccination.
Premature death in dogs can be due to an accident. Young dachshunds often disobey the owners: they run out onto the roadway, jump from tall objects.
Owner carelessness is one of the risk factors. If your dog ate something outside, indigestion and imbalance are expected. Cases of poisoning with arsenic or rat poison are increasing.
Gastrointestinal diseases (gastric volvulus, acute pancreatitis, gastritis, ulcer) are deadly for dogs.
Heart defects are also terrible, and disturbances in the functioning of the pulmonary system shorten life by 5-7 years.
Signs of Aging in Dachshunds
Signs of aging in dogs are divided into two groups: external and internal:
- The former include grinding of teeth, the appearance of gray hairs on the face, in the tail, on the paws. By the age of 5-8, the character of dachshunds also changes. Although some dogs remain playful puppies for the rest of their lives, most dogs lose interest in play, preferring sleep and passive rest. On walks, older pets are more likely to sit or lie down.
- Internal causes lie in the aging of organ systems. Complete or partial deafness appears, the dachshund stops responding to commands.
Important! Disobedience in aging dogs is not a sign of insolence, but a symptom. It is important to take your dog to the veterinarian and get his hearing checked.
Older dogs especially need vaccination, as their immunity is reduced. There is a risk of stomach, liver, and kidney diseases. Older dachshunds are transferred to special food for older dogs.
Pets have problems with the locomotor system.
Typical for dachshunds:
- displacement of the intervertebral discs;
- the appearance of hernias;
- development of hip dysplasia.
Elderly dachshunds are large puppies that also need constant attention, affection, and kindness. It will not be possible to avoid the signs of aging, and it is impossible to get away from the process of “wilting” itself. Therefore, you need to spend as much time as possible with your pet and maintain its strength in all available ways.