All large breeds have a relatively short lifespan. This pattern also applies to Caucasian Shepherd Dogs.
On average, they live 9-12 years. But if you recognize the signs of an aging dog in time and provide proper care, the dog can live up to 15 years.
Let’s figure out how to extend the life of your pet.
How many years do Caucasian shepherd dogs live?
The Caucasian Shepherd Dogs, which are kept outdoors, live longer. The room temperature is too high for an animal used to harsh weather conditions.
Due to the long coat in the apartment conditions, the Caucasian Shepherd Dog overheats. In addition, its physical activity is reduced, which also affects its lifespan.
On average, the life expectancy of Caucasian Shepherd Dogs, which are kept indoors, is 9-10 years.
This breed is best suited for enclosure keeping. In this case, the Caucasian must have an insulated booth. But it is undesirable to keep the dog on the chain. This has a bad effect on the psyche of the pet.
The Caucasian Shepherd Dog, which is kept on a chain, lives on average 7-8 years.
How to find out the age of a Caucasian Shepherd
Determining the exact age of an animal is almost impossible. But there are some external signs that help determine how old a Caucasian is:
- Condition of teeth. At the age of 3 years, the dog’s teeth begin to turn yellow, and the tips of the middle incisors of the lower jaw are erased. By the third year, the hooks on the upper jaw begin to wear off, and by the fourth, the upper middle incisors. At 5 years old, the tips of the fangs are grinded. At 6 years of age, the teeth turn significantly yellow, tartar forms. From the age of 7, teeth may begin to fall out.
- Eyes. At the age of 7, the eyes appear deeper set. There is a clouding of the lens, vision falls.
- Wool. Over time, the wool loses its softness and becomes coarser to the touch. At the age of 6, the first gray hair appears – usually in the muzzle.
How to extend the life of a Caucasian Shepherd
How long the Caucasian Shepherd Dog will live depends on compliance with the rules for keeping this breed.
Caucasians are unpretentious and hardy, but the better the conditions, the longer the dog will live.
It is from a properly balanced diet that the health status of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog largely depends. The animal must not be fed from the table.
Every day, your pet needs to be given:
- lean meat (chicken, veal, turkey, offal);
- vegetables (except potatoes);
- porridge (rice and buckwheat).
Food should be given at a certain time, as the shepherd develops a food reflex.
If you don’t want to cook every day, industrial feed is perfect. Preference should be given to premium and super-premium feeds. They are perfectly balanced and contain all the essential vitamins and minerals.
It is recommended to adhere to the directions on the packaging for the portion size of the feed, which depends on the breed and weight of the animal.
It is important! You cannot overfeed the Caucasian Shepherd Dog, otherwise it will become obese.
Walks and games
The Caucasian Shepherd Dog needs active daily walks. It is best if a large area is available to her, through which she can move freely.
At the same time, you should not give up active street walks. This is especially true for dogs that are kept in the apartment.
The Caucasian Shepherd Dog needs to be walked 2 times a day. The duration of the walk should be at least an hour.
At the same time, close contact with stray dogs should be avoided, because they are carriers of diseases.
Timely treatment and deworming
Infection with parasites leads to a decrease in the immunity of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog, which means it becomes more vulnerable to various diseases. In addition, parasites themselves are capable of carrying some infections. That is why you need to get rid of them in time.
Deworming is carried out every 5-6 months. In the morning on an empty stomach, the Caucasian is given a pill. If the shepherd is infected, the pill is given again after 10 days.
You can get rid of fleas with the help of special shampoos, drops, collars.
Caucasian Shepherd Dogs have good health, but they are not immune from disease. Symptoms that may indicate a disease of the animal:
- decline in activity;
- refusal to eat;
- mucous discharge from the nose and eyes;
- inflammation and redness on the skin.
Important! If the first symptoms of an animal’s disease occur, you should immediately contact your veterinarian. Most diseases are treatable only in the initial stages.
Care and hygiene
Care and maintenance of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog is not difficult.
It is enough to adhere to the general rules of animal hygiene:
- You need to bathe your dog 3 times a year. For this, it is worth using a special shampoo.
- The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is combed 3 times a week, during the molting period – daily.
- The dog is usually cut before exhibitions. But for hygienic purposes, you can cut the hair on the paws: on the pads, and between the toes.
- Ears need to be cleaned as they become dirty: use a cotton swab to remove sulfur and dirt.
- Wipe eyes 2 times a week with a clean cloth.
- Brush your teeth once a week with a special brush and paste.
Causes of premature death in Caucasian Shepherds
The life expectancy of a Caucasian also depends on external factors. There are a number of reasons why a pet may die early:
- Accident. Most often, such tragedies occur due to an oversight of the owner. The house in which the Caucasian lives should be surrounded by a strong and reliable fence. You can take your dog out for walks only on a leash. The muzzle will not only save others from the aggression of the Caucasian, but also allow you to avoid eating poisoned objects from the ground.
- Congenital diseases. Caucasian Shepherd Dogs have good genetics, therefore hereditary diseases are rare in them. Most often, sick puppies are born when breeding rules are not followed. The female must be old enough to mate and must not be mated every estrus. At the time of mating, she should be 2 to 4 years old. The male involved in breeding must be between 2 and 7 years old. Both parents must be vaccinated, worm-free, and completely healthy.
- Infections. Timely vaccination will protect the animal from most of the most common diseases.
- Chronic diseases. Most often they develop due to violation of the rules for keeping an animal. May be associated with poor-quality nutrition, improper care, and non-compliance with hygiene rules.
Signs of aging
The first signs of aging begin to appear when the animal is 5 years old. Over time, the pet’s condition worsens.
Signs that indicate aging:
- visual impairment;
- the appearance of gray hair;
- loss of teeth;
- refusal to communicate with the owner, or vice versa, the desire to constantly be around
- hypersensitivity to cold or heat;
- a decline in activity – the Caucasian Shepherd Dog rests more;
- stubbornness, refusal to execute commands.
An elderly shepherd dog needs special care. An aged dog should not be kept on the street. Vitamin and mineral supplements should be introduced into his diet. Physical activity should be reduced.
The weight of the pet should be closely monitored. As the activity of an elderly dog decreases, it can gain excess weight, which will lead to problems with the cardiovascular system.
If the Caucasian Shepherd’s teeth have fallen out, dry and solid food will not work for her. It can be replaced with semi-liquid canned food or cereals.
As a representative of a large breed, the Caucasian Shepherd Dog cannot boast of longevity. Only proper care, attention and care will help to extend her life. After all, it is the owner who is primarily responsible for the life and health of his pet.