Pugs, like most small breeds, are long-lived. As a result of selection, the breed acquired not only an unusual appearance but also a tendency to a number of diseases. Therefore, in order for a pet to live a long and happy life, it needs proper care and timely medical assistance.
Let’s find out how long do pugs live, how to determine their age, and how to extend the life of a pet.
How long do pugs live?
The larger the dog, the less it lives. Pugs are small dogs. The average height is 11 Inches. Representatives of this breed are considered long-livers: the life expectancy of a pug is from 12 to 15 years.
Females live slightly longer than males. This is due to the calm and docile nature of the females. They are careful and judicious. But their reproductive system is susceptible to diseases.
Males are fearless and active. Although boys are larger and healthier, they are often injured. Excessive energy and courage lead to the fact that males more often than females break bones and receive internal injuries.
It is interesting! The world’s oldest domesticated pug lived for 18 years.
How to find out the age of a Pug
From the appearance of the dog, it is impossible to know its exact age, since the appearance is significantly influenced by the conditions in which the dog was kept earlier.
The less cared for the pug, the faster age-related changes occur in its body. But nevertheless, according to some signs, the approximate age of the dog is determined.
Let’s highlight several criteria by which you can understand how long the pug has lived:
- Condition of teeth. Milk teeth grow in a puppy at the age of 20–25 days. At 3–7 months, milk teeth are replaced with molars. At the age of one year, all the teeth are in place, have a white color, all irregularities and notches are visible on the incisors. At the age of 1.5–2, the tooth enamel begins to turn yellow. At 4–5 years of age, irregularities on the incisors are erased, the enamel is yellow, and problems with the gums are possible. At 7 years old, the tips of the fangs are grinded. At the age of 10, teeth begin to fall out.
- Coat. In a young dog, the coat is soft and smooth. It gets rougher with age. At 6 years old, the first gray hair appears. If this is due to heredity, the animal may begin to turn gray earlier.
- Muscle tone. Young dogs have a muscular and toned body. Muscle tone decreases with age. The dog becomes either overly bony or fat. Domestic pugs are prone to obesity.
- Eye condition. The eyes of young dogs are bright and clear. They become cloudy with age. Older dogs begin to lose their sight.
How to extend the life of a pug
How many years a dog will live depends to a large extent on the quality of care. Pugs are not very demanding, but they are prone to many diseases.
To maintain good health, it is important: a correct diet, constant walks, provision of timely medical care, adherence to hygiene rules.
How long a pug will live also depends on a balanced diet. An improper diet often leads to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. For domestic pugs, this is a significant problem, as they have sensitive digestion. Moreover, they are prone to obesity.
Most often, breeders advise quality commercial feed. Their composition is correctly calculated: they contain all the necessary nutrients, vitamins, and minerals.
Preference should be given to premium and super-premium feeds.
A natural diet includes:
- meat products (chicken, turkey, veal, quality offal);
- vegetables and fruits;
- low-fat dairy products.
It is forbidden to include in the menu:
- smoked meats and pickles;
- tubular bones;
- fat meat.
Natural food is more difficult to balance. With this type of feeding, it is necessary to additionally purchase vitamin supplements. You cannot feed your pet from the table.
Salt, sugar, and condiments that human food contains negatively affect the health of the animal.
Important! The home pug feels hungry forever. To avoid the accumulation of excess weight, the dog should be given portions of food that are appropriate for the age and weight of the animal.
Walks and games
The life span of a pug depends on its physical activity. Representatives of this breed are lazy and clumsy. They prefer walking to rest. If you add to this the constant desire to eat, domestic pugs quickly gain excess weight. Therefore, they definitely need to be walked twice a day.
For a domestic pug, not only a lack of physical activity is dangerous, but also overwork. Therefore, during walks and play, you need to carefully monitor the condition of the dog.
If the pet has shortness of breath, it moves more slowly, stumbles, and gets tangled in its paws, the dog needs to rest. Excessive physical activity wears out the cardiovascular system, which is vulnerable in pugs.
Important! Overheating and hypothermia are equally harmful to the domestic pug. Therefore, in winter, he needs to wear a special jumpsuit. In summer, in hot weather, it is better to take walks in the early morning or evening.
Timely treatment and deworming
Parasitic invasion leads to a decrease in immunity, which makes the animal vulnerable to infections. Some ticks can lead to infection with various diseases (for example, demodicosis, dirofilariasis, sarcoptic mange). It is necessary to carry out preventive deworming, as well as protect the pet from ticks and fleas.
Every six months, a home pug is given a pill for worms. They do this in the morning on an empty stomach. If the animal has been infected, repeat the procedure after 10 days. Special shampoo drops, collars will help with fleas. Ticks are repelled with sprays or drops on the withers.
Of course, it is important to provide timely medical care. Most diseases are curable only in the early stages. If the animal develops symptoms of discomfort, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Symptoms that indicate a disease:
- Refusal to eat and water.
- Constipation or diarrhea.
- Decreased activity, apathy.
- Increased body temperature.
Care and hygiene
Taking care of pugs at home is not difficult. It is necessary to closely monitor the condition of the pet’s skin. The folds are periodically wiped with a clean, damp cloth.
During molting, the animal is combed with a slicker or a special silicone glove.
The pet is bathed no more than three times a year. The ears are cleaned as they become dirty. The eyes are one of the most sensitive areas in pugs. They are wiped with a clean, damp cloth several times a week.
Causes of premature death in Pugs
Although this breed is classified as a long-liver, there are reasons why a pug’s life can end prematurely:
- Congenital diseases. Puppies with congenital pathologies outwardly differ little from their healthy brothers. Health problems appear when the dog grows up.
- Infections. All dogs that go outside are at risk of contracting infections. The immunity developed after vaccination protects against the most dangerous and common diseases. That is why it is necessary to get vaccinated on time.
- Mechanical injury. Pugs are not the most agile and agile, they are often injured. During walks, and at home, you need to closely monitor them. If a pet is injured, an open wound must be urgently treated. Contamination of the wound can lead to infection of the entire body.
- Traffic accidents.
- Failure to comply with hygiene rules. The skin of the pugs gathers in folds that need to be wiped off. If this is not done, dirt will accumulate in them. Inflammation will develop on the skin, which will later turn into ulcers. The ears and eyes of the pet need close attention.
- Diseases of the eyes. Due to the special shape of the skull, the eyes of pugs are very vulnerable.
- Parasitic infection.
Signs of aging In Pugs
The first signs of aging in a pug appear when the dog turns 5 years old. In addition to external changes, the character and behavior of the animal change. The favorite becomes less active, sleeps more, and does not want to play. May refuse to execute commands and be capricious. The pug is starting to gain weight. It gets cold more, it is harder to endure the heat.
Elderly dogs are susceptible to various diseases, so more attention should be paid to their health status. Their teeth fall out, so they should not be fed with solid dry food. At the age of 7–8, vision is significantly reduced. The older the pug gets, the more attention and care it needs.
How many years a pug will live depends largely on the conditions of detention. Representatives of this breed do not have the best health, so they need to pay a lot of attention.
With good care, a pug can live 15 years. If bad, this period is significantly reduced. Often, animals die under the wheels of cars. This is why walking your pet is on a leash.