It is generally accepted that dogs live on average for 12 years. With proper care, the Jack Russell Terrier will live longer than this.
To do this, you need to select the conditions of detention necessary for the breed, age, and sex.
Jack Russell Terrier lifespan
Jack Russell Terriers live up to 16 years. By dog’s standards, this is a decent amount of time. However, there is a definite difference in the life expectancy of males and females.
The fact is that females are prone to diseases of the reproductive system, which can significantly reduce the time they measure.
To reduce the risks, you can neuter your pet. If the girl is not involved in breeding, it is better to do this before the age of one. A show beauty can be sterilized after completing a career.
Important! Before the operation, you need to make a full diagnosis at the veterinarian in order to correctly calculate the possible risks.
However, males of the Jack Russell Terrier breed may also have reproductive disorders. And castration is not always an option.
Life expectancy is influenced by a combination of factors that do not always depend on the owner. It’s about heredity. Therefore, it is important to take your puppy from a reputable breeder.
How To Determine How Old a Jack Russell Terrier is
You can determine the age of the dog either by the teeth, or by assessing its general physical condition.
General information on molars:
- the first teeth erupt at the age of 3-4 weeks, and finally, grow by 5-8 weeks;
- the change of milk molars to permanent ones starts from 4 months;
- a full shift is completed by 8 months;
- the original shape of the teeth is retained in dogs for up to 2 years;
- after 2 years, the process of erasing first the incisors begins, and then the canines, the lower row is erased faster than the upper one;
- by the age of 7, Jack Russell Terriers have thinning front molars;
- at the age of 10, dental problems begin (caries, stone, prolapse).
Age and physical condition:
- puppies and young dogs have a clear and brilliant look, while the eyes of older Jack Russells grow dull and cloudy;
- the young dog is playful and active, he has an athletic toned body, Jack Russells lose muscle tone at age;
- an important indicator is the condition of the coat (in a young dog it shines and shines, and in an elderly dog it fades and turns gray).
A veterinarian or specialist breeder can most accurately judge the age of a Jack Russell Terrier.
How To Extend The Life Of a Jack Russell Terrier
It is necessary to properly care for the dog from the first days of its appearance in the house. It is from this time that immunity is strengthened.
Diseases suffered by the little Jack Russell Terrier can greatly affect his physical condition in the future.
It is equally important to educate the dog correctly. The active nature of Jack Russell Terriers, coupled with disobedience, increases the risk of accidents.
It is also worth distinguishing between caring for a dog depending on its gender, age, and physical condition.
Jack Russell Terrier Diet
Jack Russells must be well fed. If the owner feeds the pet with industrial food, the mixture should be selected specifically for the dog, depending on its age and physical development. After all, what a pregnant female needs is not suitable for a puppy.
Young Jack Russells are best served with food for active dogs of medium and small breeds.
An older pet should be gradually transferred to a mixture for older dogs. An animal with systemic and chronic diseases should receive specialized food.
Feeding “natural” should also be complete. The diet of Jack Russell Terriers must include:
- lean meat;
- fish (only seafood, no bones);
- eggs (quail or chicken, once every 7 days);
- low-fat sour milk;
- lean cottage cheese;
- greens, raw or scalded vegetables (excluding legumes).
Important! You can’t give Jack Russell food off the table. Human food is not intended for dogs. Fatty, smoked, sweet, and spicy foods are categorically contraindicated for dogs.
Jack Russell Terrier physical activity
Jack Russells are very intelligent, playful, and active dogs. They literally catch everything on the fly.
Therefore, the owner, in the process of training, should make sure that the pet receives a high-quality mental load. After all, if it is not enough, the dog will find itself where to release the unspent energy.
Even for dogs living in an apartment, this is not a problem.
As a hunter, Jack Russell Terrier may start to “dig” furniture, gnaw on objects, and this increases the risk of accidents. What if the animal feeds on harmful litter from the couch or bites live wires?
Jack Russell Terrier must be well loaded and physically.
Training is best done in a playful way. So the pet will not get bored and will have time to run a lot. You need to walk Jack Russells for at least 2 hours a day.
Important! An active dog should be released from the leash only on specially equipped areas.
Jack Russell Terrier Health
Jack Russells are hardy and healthy dogs. But due to some peculiarities, they have a tendency to diseases of the eyes and joints.
To prolong the life of a pet, you need to take care of its physical condition. For this it is worth:
- follow the breeder’s recommendations regarding the content;
- take the dog to the veterinarian annually for check-ups;
- to carry out the prevention of parasites and worms (only according to the scheme prescribed by the doctor);
- timely treat detected diseases;
- get vaccinated on time.
Vaccinations are given at the following age:
- 1 month – from enteritis and plague;
- up to 2 months – from hepatitis, parainfluenza, leptospirosis;
- 3 months – revaccination, as well as rabies vaccination;
- up to 8 months – repeated revaccination.
Important! Vaccinations are given a week after the antihelminthic drugs were given.
Jack Russell Terrier Hygiene Care
You need to take care of your pet, observing the following recommendations:
- combing the coat should be at least 1 time per week;
- Jack Russells are bathed as needed, the optimal frequency is once a month;
- if there are traces of discharge in the inner corners of the eyes, they must be wiped with a cotton pad dipped in strong tea;
- claw cutting – about 2 times a month;
- ear cleaning – as needed, hydrogen peroxide and cotton swabs can be used to remove plaque;
- To avoid tartar buildup, Jack Russells should brush their teeth 3 times a week.
Causes of The Premature Death in Jack Russell Terriers
Since Jack Russells are generally healthy dogs, they rarely die from disease. But accidents with representatives of this breed are quite common.
Carried away by the pursuit of a cat due to the hunting instinct, the Jack Russell Terrier can easily run out onto the track, where it will be hit by a car.
They also will often grab objects from the ground, wanting to “tear to pieces the prey,” and this is fraught with poisoning.
To avoid such situations, it is worthwhile to train the dog well. Obedience is the key to animal safety.
Signs of Aging And How To Care For An Elderly Jack Russell Terrier
In dogs, the character always changes with age. They become less active and cheerful, more tired. The appearance is also undergoing changes:
- the look becomes cloudy;
- the wool fades;
- the quality of the teeth deteriorates.
Therefore, it is important to monitor your pet’s behavior while playing or walking. If Jack Russell starts to lose interest in what is happening, there is no need to burden him. It’s also best to keep your dog on the leash. Due to the deterioration of hearing and vision, the animal may suffer.
Otherwise, caring for an elderly Jack Russell Terrier is no different from keeping a young dog. They also need to clean their eyes, ears and cut their claws.
Important! An elderly dog should be taken to the veterinarian for examinations at least once every six months.
The Jack Russell Terrier is a healthy and robust breed. Competent care helps maintain this condition.
If you feed your pet correctly, treat diseases in time, and observe hygiene, it can become a real long-liver.