Central Asian Shepherd: Dog Breed Profile

Central Asian Shepherd

The Central Asian Shepherd is a large dog with a massive appearance, harmoniously built and with well-developed musculature, although not protruding. Males are larger than females.

They also have a larger head and a more pronounced withers.

Other names: Ovtcharka d’Asie Centrale, Central Asian Shepherd, Sredneasiatskaïa Ovtcharka

History of the breed

The Central Asian Shepherd breed is very old, being the result of more than 4 millennia of natural selections. The harsh climatic conditions of Its original habitat and the nature of the predators it had to contend with shaped Its build and personality, making It resilient and determined.

Qualities that have earned it to be raised by many nomadic tribes of Central Asia over a very large territory, stretching from the Caspian Sea to China and from the Southern Urals to Afghanistan.

It has always been used for the protection of the cattle, the caravan, and the house of its master. The Dog was definitively recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) on January 25, 1989.

Physical features

  • Its coat: very thick, straight, coarse, associated with a well-stocked undercoat. Short and dense on the head and anterior aspect of the limbs. The length of the topcoat can be from 3 to 10 cm, forming a mane on the neck and fringes behind the ears, as well as on the tail.
  • Its color: all shades except blue and brown.
  • Its head: massive, well proportioned to the body, almost rectangular in shape seen from above and in profile. The skull is high and the forehead flat. The nose is broad and well developed, the muzzle truncated and moderately long, the jaws powerful and the cheeks well developed.
  • Its ears: triangular, medium in size, thick, set low, hanging down.
  • Its eyes: oval, medium in size, wide apart, slightly sunken, and dark in color. Display an expression of confidence and dignity.
  • Its body: strong, voluminous, a little longer than high. The topline is well supported, the withers well defined and muscular, the back straight and broad, the loins short and slightly arched, the croup moderately long and slightly inclined towards the attachment of the tail, the chest high and broad.
  • Its tail: well furnished with hair, carried happily. Traditionally shortened in its country of origin, kept natural in countries where tail docking is prohibited.

Behavior With Others

The Central Asian Shepherd is a dog full of confidence, pride, and courage. Although It’s calm and balanced most of the time, It does not lack tenacity when called upon to protect. Traditionally bred to watch over the herds, It’s determined to face the predators who covet It.

Its innate sense of territory and Its natural distrust of strangers also make It an excellent watchdog.


The Central Asian Shepherd is known for its biting, its natural aggressiveness should not be exacerbated by a violent upbringing. Rather, it should be both soft and firm. The dog should be socialized as early as possible in order to get It used to being around a variety of species (humans, other dogs, cats, etc.).

Living Conditions

The Central Asian Shepherd is not a house dog, due to its size and characteristics. It needs space to be happy. It can adapt to city life if it is walked for a long time and frequently.

It is addressed to a teacher who knows how to show firmness while being fair and available.

Health & Maintenance

The Central Asian Shepherd is a rustic, robust, and resistant dog. Thanks to its naturally strong construction and double-pile, it does not fear extreme cold or bad weather.

The Central Asian Shepherd does not require extensive maintenance. It only asks for basic care, which must however be provided on a regular basis.

It is recommended to brush the dog once or twice a week for the maintenance of Its coat. During the moult, it’s to be brushed every day.

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About Amanda

Passionate about animals, Amanda draws her expertise from her training as an educator, pet behaviorist as well as her extensive experience with animal owners. A specialist in dog and cat behavior, Amanda continues to learn about our four-legged companions by studying veterinary reference books but also university research sites (UCD, Utrecht, Cambridge, Cornell, etc..)

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