Rottweiler: Dog Breed Profile


: Dog Breed Profile


The Rottweiler is a solid dog, which evokes strength. It’s muscular body makes It a well-proportioned dog, both flexible and enduring! It has a well balanced, harmonious, elegant body.

They are one of the most popular guard dogs in the world today.

Other names: German Bouvier, Rottweil Butcher Dog, Rott

History of the breed

The Rottweiler is one of the oldest breeds of dogImported to the Rottweil region of Germany by the Romans, it would have been crossed with a sheepdog, giving the breed that we know today. For a long time, it served to protect the butchers’ cattle. Its courage, tenacity, and protective instinct have made It an exceptional watchdog.

The Rottweiler was recruited by the German and Austrian police for its flair and its robustness. It was officially recognized as a police dog in 1910. But it was not until 1935 that the breed was officially accepted in the United States.

Even today, the Rottweiler is one of the most popular guard dogs and can be found in many brigades around the world.

Physical features

  • Its coat: made up of an undercoat completely covered by the outer hairs, Its coat is of medium length, smooth, hard, and very tight. The hairs on the hind limbs are very slightly longer.
  • Its color: black with well-defined tan markings on the cheeks, muzzle, underside of the neck, chest, limbs, above the eyes, and below the root of the tail.
  • Its head: medium in size, quite wide between the ears. The forehead is slightly curved and the jaw is developed and powerful.
  • Its ears: wide apart and set high on the head. Their shape is triangular and they fall forward, visually increasing the size of the head.
  • Its eyes: dark brown in the shape of an almond.
  • Its body: rather stocky with a strong bone structure, a well-developed bust, and very muscular thighs. Neither short on legs nor greyhound, It’s a well-proportioned mastiff with a robust, flexible, and enduring look. Small peculiarity: it can have webbed legs!
  • Its tail: in its natural state, it is part of the horizontal extension of the back or a little raised. At rest, it can be hanging. It is short and covered with a hard, smooth hair.

Behavior With Others

The Rottweiler is a formidable watchdog who will do anything to protect Its master and Its house. If Its senses danger, it will not hesitate to put Itself in the front line, but once in confidence, It will be “gentle as a lamb”.

Contrary to popular belief and despite Its dissuasive appearance, It’s a very affectionate companion, sometimes even a “pot of glue”. Playful and curious, It gets along well with children and animals smaller than it.


Highly intelligent and self-confident, the Rottweiler should be educated as early as possible. A dominant dog and difficult to impress, It needs a master with a lot of character and authority!

It’s nevertheless hard-working, docile, and tolerant, Its education must be based on socialization from an early age, so that Its dominant dog temperament does not stand out excessively.

Living Conditions

The Rottweiler is a family dog, playful and curious who does not support confinement and solitude. However, although large spaces seem attractive for such a size, it will be more blooming in a mid-sized home with a small garden than in a large lot on its own.

It can therefore adapt perfectly to city life, as long as it is walked around every day.

Health & Maintenance

Like many Molossoids, its deterrent look expresses its robustness. This tall fellow is rarely sick, but Its rapid growth can lead to skeletal deformities that should be monitored. The selection of breeders makes it possible to limit the propagation of the gene responsible for hip dysplasia.

The life expectancy of a Rottweiler is, on average, between 8 years and 11 years.

The Rottweiler is an easy-going dog that requires little maintenance. It tolerates wind, rain, snow, and even frost, but its worst enemy is heat.

Its smooth and tight hair is maintained with a brushstroke. However, you have to take care of Its diet, which is crucial for Its health, from an early age.

Its coat is smooth and naturally shiny. A hard brush stroke is enough to make it smoother and silky. Baths are detrimental to the health of Its coat, so it is better not to overdo it. If washing is really necessary, it is advisable to use a neutral shampoo adapted to the type of hair, followed by a conditioner.

The Rottweiler’s diet must be strict and particularly rich to promote the development of its musculature and the maintenance of its skeleton. Thus, specialized stores make available food for Rottweiler, based on kibble.

It must ingest about  800 grams per day distributed in 2 meals. A light in the morning and a more generous in the evening.

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About Amanda

Passionate about animals, Amanda draws her expertise from her training as an educator, pet behaviorist as well as her extensive experience with animal owners. A specialist in dog and cat behavior, Amanda continues to learn about our four-legged companions by studying veterinary reference books but also university research sites (UCD, Utrecht, Cambridge, Cornell, etc..)

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