Brittany Spaniel: Dog Breed Profile

Brittany spaniel

The Brittany Spaniel is the smallest pointing dog and the first breed in this category to originate from France. It has a solid frame that contrasts with its natural elegance. It’s particularly known for Its expressive gaze and the vigor which It never loses.

The Brittany Spaniel is an admirable companion dog. In addition to Its calm character, It will delight Its adoptive family with unfailing tenderness and incredible loyalty.

In addition, It turns out to be a very athletic dog, the perfect companion for long walks. It’s blessed with very solid health and rarely needs maintenance.

History of the breed

The Brittany Spaniel is, as its name suggests, originally from Brittany. The official creation of the breed dates back to 1907, its history goes back much further. It descends from the dogs of Oysel and was the result of crosses between springers, pointers, and setters. It’s considered a pointing dog, It’s originally a hunting dog.

The Breton Spaniel has a characteristic of its own. It is sometimes born without a tail  or with a very short tail. The  Fédération Cynologique Internationale recognized the breed on November 19, 1954.

Physical features

  • Its hair: fine, without being silky, it is flattened or slightly wavy, but not curly.
  • Its color: generally white & black, white & orange or white & brown. Its dress can be tricolor or roan.
  • Its head: sports a rounded skull, a straight muzzle with almost parallel lateral sides.
  • Its ears: set high, they are short, but wide and their mobility is constant when the dog is concentrated or in action.
  • Its eyes: expressive, oblique, matching the dress.
  • Its body : tapered with clear shoulders. Its chest is rather large and Its back, straight.
  • Its tail: Tied high, the tail should ideally measure 1-3 Inches when cut. Individuals of this breed may be tailless at birth.

Behavior With Others

The Brittany Spaniel is a pointing dog and more generally a hunting dog. Pointing dogs have the particularity of adopting a character called the “stop” posture when they spot prey. They are also often used in hunts, which gives them a very strong chasing instinct.

It’s happy,  athletic, and tender. It will not hesitate to ask for hugs from Its master, its family, and even strangers, whom It will not reject. It’s very loyal to Its adoptive family and asks for presence as well as love in return.

It likes to play with children, with whom It’s gentle immeasurable. It appreciates the presence of congeners by Its side.


The education of a Brittany Spaniel should start young, although it can be started at any age. The advantage of starting education as soon as your puppy is adopted is that it will immediately put in place the desired behaviors.

It will mainly be necessary to work on recall and teach your dog to follow you on a walk. It will also be necessary not to reinforce Its chasing instincts, especially if you are not going to hunt with It.

This is why throwing games are to be banned or to be implemented in a controlled manner.

In addition, it will be important to work on walking on a leash to not have a “sled dog” during your walks. Finally, offering It an educational activity that allows It to exercise, such as tracking, for example, will be strongly recommended.

Living Conditions

The Brittany Spaniel is as sociable with children as it is with adults or other pets. It adapts to all types of environments. It appreciates the countryside and its vast expanses as much as it enjoys urban living in an apartment.

It’s not fussy and enjoys lounging on an indoor mat in the company of Its owner, just like running all day outdoors. However, It does not accept loneliness and needs to have someone by Its side at all times, whether it’s a human presence or an animal. The Breton Spaniel needs to go out regularly to exercise. Do not forget that It’s a hunter at heart and, It must be able to take long walks.

Health & Maintenance

The Brittany Spaniel is a robust dog who hardly knows any health problems. On the other hand, Its ears must be watched, because the presence of foreign bodies irritates it and can cause infections. The Breton Spaniel can live up to 14 years in very good health.

The life expectancy of a Brittany Spaniel is, on average, between 12 years and 14 years.

The Breton Spaniel doesn’t need a lot of maintenance. First, it has the advantage of not having a smell that would disturb its owners. Then, it does not need anything to regain its cleanliness after getting dirty during a day of hunting.

It rarely needs a bath. Brushing can be carried out daily. For grooming, it is best to do it at home as salons are not experienced with this breed. 10 min, 2 to 3 times a year.

The Brittany Spaniel’s diet must be drastic enough to prevent It from being overweight. It must be in accordance with Its daily sports practice and Its energy expenditure. High-quality kibble is often recommended for this dog.

[wptb id=2126]


About Amanda

Passionate about animals, Amanda draws her expertise from her training as an educator, pet behaviorist as well as her extensive experience with animal owners. A specialist in dog and cat behavior, Amanda continues to learn about our four-legged companions by studying veterinary reference books but also university research sites (UCD, Utrecht, Cambridge, Cornell, etc..)

Leave a Comment