Polish Lowland Sheepdog: Dog Breed Profile

Polish Lowland Sheepdog

The Polish Lowland Sheepdog is a medium-sized dog with a robust, muscular, and vigorous body. Its long and thick dress and Its eyes, often hidden by its hair, give It an impression of both softness and liveliness.

Other names: Polski Owczarek Nizinny, Polish Lowland Sheepdog

History of the breed

According to various sources, the Polish Lowland Sheepdog originated from small Asian shepherds. During the 16th century, the breed began to seriously interest shepherds for its qualities, especially those from Scotland. Thanks to trade, Polish Shepherds of Plains arrived in the north of the British island and quickly conquered the Scottish herdsmen.

As with many dog ​​breeds, the breed suffered the brunt of WWII, seeing its numbers shrink dramatically and worryingly.

Fortunately, enthusiasts of this dog, including Doctor Danuta Hryniewicz (1914-2007, veterinarian and an honorary member of the Polish Kennel Club), contributed to the restoration of the breed from the litter of 10 puppies from one of Its proteges . The breed was definitively recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) on October 5, 1963.

Physical features

  • Its hair: long, thick, dense, abundant, falling from the forehead and thus covering the eyes. Presence of a soft undercoat.
  • Its color: all colors, shades, and brands.
  • Its head: moderately large, covered with a bushy hair on the forehead, cheeks, and chin. The skull is moderately broad and a little rounded, the stop is well accentuated, the nose as dark as possible, the nostrils well open, the muzzle strong and obtuse, the jaws strong and articulated in scissors or pincers.
  • Its ears: rather high set, of medium size, hanging and attentive.
  • Its eyes: oval in shape, medium in size, hazelnut color, displaying a lively and piercing gaze.
  • Its body : fitting into a rectangle. The withers are well defined, the back flat, and well-muscled.
  • Its tail:  covered with abundant hair, drooping at rest, happily raised on the back (without curling up) when the dog is awake.

Behavior With Others

The Polish Lowland Sheepdog is a shepherd, guard, and, more recently, companion dog. To fulfill these 3 roles, It combines qualities such as vigilanceintelligence, and receptivity. It’s,  characterized by a fairly good memory. Endowed with a balanced personality, the Polish Plain Shepherd Dog is as lively as It’s balanced. It’s very suspicious of strangers.


Thanks to Its great receptivity and Its remarkable capacity for memorization, the Polish Plain Shepherd Dog is easy to handle and easy to train even if It shows a  stubborn side from an early age. You just have to make sure that Its learning and socialization take place as early as possible. Play and work are excellent educational vectors for this dog.

Living Conditions

Well protected by its dense coat, the Polish Lowland Sheepdog adapts perfectly to life outdoors, in a large fenced garden which also allows it to move freely. It can live in an apartment as long as you walk it enough on a daily base. In town or in the countryside, the Polish Plain Shepherd demands good availability from Its master and regular activities.

Health & Maintenance

The Polish Plain Shepherd is a hardy and resistant dog. Its double, long, and thick dress gives it good protection against difficult climatic conditions. It, therefore, enjoys a generally robust health, but the breed is predisposed to a few diseases, including the risk of retinal atrophy (degeneration of the retina leading to loss of sight).

It has a big appetite and can eat without stopping. We must therefore seriously monitor Its diet, because Its also prone to obesity.

The life expectancy of a Polish Plains Shepherd is, on average, between 10 years and 14 years.

The Polish Lowland Sheepdog undergoes 2 moults per year during which It can lose a lot of hair. Although dead, these hairs often hang around in Its dress, sticking to it. They are therefore rarely found on the ground, which gives the false impression that the dog loses very little.

A thorough and regular brushing allows to clean Its coat by relieving it of these dead hairs.

It is recommended to brush the dog every day during the 2 seasonal moults  (spring and autumn) to preserve the cleanliness and beauty of Its coat. For the rest of the year, It can be satisfied with brushing every 3 days or so.

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About Amanda

Passionate about animals, Amanda draws her expertise from her training as an educator, pet behaviorist as well as her extensive experience with animal owners. A specialist in dog and cat behavior, Amanda continues to learn about our four-legged companions by studying veterinary reference books but also university research sites (UCD, Utrecht, Cambridge, Cornell, etc..)

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