POODLE: Dog Breed Profile

poodle: dog breed profile

The Poodle is one of the rare breeds of dogs which includes 4 different sizes: the Toy Poodle, the Miniature Poodle, the Medium Poodle as well as the Royal Poodle.

Families love their jovial and very cute face, their softness, their tranquility, and their incessant desire to move. They bring dynamism to the lives of everyone. They are also very sociable, and they don’t require constant maintenance and they have the particularity of having robust health.

History of the breed

A breed of French origin, the Poodle descends from the Barbet, from which It inherits the general appearance and ease of hunting in an aquatic environment. The Poodle was indeed used in duck hunting; Etymologically, the words Poodle and Duck also have the same root. The term Poodle was once used in the feminine to designate the female of the Barbet. Gradually, It established Itself as one of the best companion dogs thanks to Its jovial and dynamic character. The breed standard was established in 1936.

Louis XVI  owned a Poodle. It was shaved like a lion. During the Second Empire, the Poodle saw its popularity explode, so much so that it had become the companion dog par excellence.

Over the years, the Barbet and the Poodle have been separated to obtain two very distinct breeds.

The Poodle then quickly became an excellent companion dog, notably thanks to its very adaptable character but also thanks to the diversity of sizes and colors offered by the breed.

Physical features

There are 4 varieties of Poodles of which the standard is the same for all, with sizes ranging from single to double.
The large Poodle: its size varies between 17 and 23 Inches. It has the same appearance as the Average Poodle and resumes its general proportions, but with larger dimensions.
The average Poodle: its size varies between 13 and 17 Inches.
The Miniature Poodle: its size varies between 11 and 13 Inches. It has the appearance of the average Poodle, but with reduced dimensions.
The Toy Poodle: its size varies between 9 and 11 Inches. It has the appearance and general proportions of the Miniature Poodle while being smaller.

Its hair: abundant, fine, and woolly. It is curly and elastic in the Curly-haired Poodle, tight and forming cords in the Corded-haired Poodle.
Its color: imperatively united. The coat can be black, white, brown (dark), gray (uniform, neither blackish nor whitish), or fawn.
Its head: twice as long as it is wide, proportionate to the body, neither heavy nor too thin. The stop is lightly marked, but it should not be erased.
Its ears: flat, long, falling along the cheeks and enlarged, then rounded at their end. The skin of the pinna reaches or exceeds the corner of the lips when it is worn forward. Furnished with long wavy hairs.
Its eyes: in almond, black or dark brown, intelligent, and dynamic expression.
Its body: well proportioned, slightly longer than high (at the level of the withers). The back is short, the withers moderately developed, the loins firm and muscular and the croup rounded, without being drooping.
Its tail: set high, at the level of the kidney line. Worn at 9:10 a.m. from the backline.

Behavior With Others

The Poodle is a dog full of vitality and energy. It’s driven by great intelligence and a tendency for curiosity which makes It always inclined to learn. Very attached to Its master, It will always strive to please him. The Poodle is also very attentive to the slightest unusual movement and any suspicious presence, which makes it a very good alarm dog.

It only barks if It notices something abnormal. Very popular in France, the Poodle has a  jovial, amiable, and loyal character. It’s very cuddly  and will not hesitate to let Itself be caressed for hours by Its master


The Poodle is a very playful, very active, very intelligent dog who will be easy to train, with a good technique and an adapted attitude, It will love to work with you.

However, its energy can sometimes be difficult to channel, so education must begin at a young age of the dog and especially in a coherent and constant manner.

Finally, the Poodle will have to be taught to manage the absences of its master in a calm manner, but it will also be necessary to control the barking which can be excessive (in particular for the Miniature Poodle and the Toy Poodle).

Play is the best way to make the Poodle excellent and pleasant companions for adults and children alike. Do not hesitate to reward It for Its good deeds and never argue with It during Its silliness.

Living Conditions

Urban life is fine for the Poodle, especially with the smaller sized varieties, but they particularly enjoy being able to grow in an outdoor space. If It has adapted very well to a city lifestyle, the large Poodle will always have a preference for large country expanses and land with water points.

A  house with a garden will suit It like a glove since It will alternate between indoors and outdoors, where It can frolic. Apartment life can suit It without worry, as long as you take It out regularly.

Welcoming a Poodle in an apartment is quite possible. However, it will be necessary to be careful to control the possible barking of the Poodle (in particular the Miniature Poodle and the Toy Poodle) which can sometimes be offered excessively, which does not really stick with the good understanding between neighbors.

Health & Maintenance

The Poodle is a robust dog with exceptional longevity since it can live 15 years on average (between 12 and 19 years). It does not present any particular health problems, apart from a risk of otitis and a tendency to develop tartar on Its teeth.

The Poodle loses little hair, but its thick coat needs to be regularly maintained in order to maintain its beautiful appearance. Inspect its ears regularly to prevent ear infections and prefer kibble to help it fight tartar.

It is recommended to brush it daily using a rubber brush and a metal comb. Visits to the groomer at a bi-monthly rate are recommended. The frequency of grooming becomes much more important if you want to get It to participate in contests. In this case, the maintenance budget to be foreseen increases considerably.

The Poodle must benefit from a  diet adapted to its morphology and its daily energy expenditure. Thus, It must be able to eat high-quality kibble which will provide It with all the nutrients essential for Its good health. Do not hesitate to contact a  veterinarian for more personalized information.

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About Amanda

Passionate about animals, Amanda draws her expertise from her training as an educator, pet behaviorist as well as her extensive experience with animal owners. A specialist in dog and cat behavior, Amanda continues to learn about our four-legged companions by studying veterinary reference books but also university research sites (UCD, Utrecht, Cambridge, Cornell, etc..)

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