The first visit to the veterinarian is to examine and vaccinate the puppy, but not only. It is also an opportunity to speak with the vet to get as much advice as possible about the puppy’s health, education and growth, and other important aspects of its life.
The puppy’s first visit to the veterinarian is comparable to the first visit to the pediatrician for a child. It will make it possible to provide basic care (examinations and vaccines) to the young dog as well as to have a constructive exchange with the veterinarian about the animal.
It will have to return there regularly throughout its existence, which implies making it a moment associated with a positive experience for the puppy. Thus, if this initial consultation is well prepared and takes place under the right conditions, It will have no trouble allowing Itself to be examined when It needs it in adulthood.
Prepare the visit
The puppy’s first visit to the veterinarian is essential, whether it has already been examined and cared for in its place of birth or not. The ideal would be to program it from the start of the adoption.
The earlier the consultation, the better it will be for the animal and for you. Make it clear to the vet or his assistant that this is a visit for a new puppy, as this type of consultation is different from others. It will be long because you will talk for a long time with the specialist on the different aspects of the dog’s life.
Some veterinary surgeries and clinics may submit a form to you to fill out, with overall data regarding the puppy’s state of health. This approach helps to better prepare the visit.
Try, as much as possible, to obtain a time slot where consultations are fewer. The goal is for the wait and visit to be done in peace to not to stress the puppy. In addition, other dogs are likely to carry diseases and thus risk transmitting it to your puppy, whose immune system is still too fragile.
Collect as much information as possible
Before proceeding with the vaccination, the vet will do a comprehensive examination of your puppy. He will check the health of Its ears, Its eyes, Its teeth, Its hair, Its skin, etc. It will give you valuable information on health, diet, education and the different care to be given to the dog according to its breed, type, size, and sex.
Please take note of this information and advice. Take the opportunity to ask him as many questions as possible about:
- the parasites internal and external (worms, fleas, ticks …)
- the identification
- the sterilization
- the documents to have (health record, passport, identification certificate, etc.)
- the meal (frequency and quantities) and possibly grooming.
The vet will also give you benchmark weight and size levels that match your puppy’s breed and gender. He will advise you to carry out regular weighings throughout Its growth.
The vaccines for the first visit
The vaccination of the first visit helps to protect the puppy’s body against potentially fatal diseases. These are parvovirus (a viral disease that can cause hemorrhagic gastroenteritis), Rubarth’s hepatitis (virus affecting the liver, eyes, kidneys, and lungs), leptospirosis (a bacterial disease), and the disease de Carré (viral disease transmitted from one dog to another and causing inflammation of the mucous membranes).
These vaccines are given as a single dose. A booster should be expected around the age of 11 to 13 weeks, then another at 15-17 weeks.
Generally, the puppy is dewormed 48 hours after this first visit. In theory, It must have received a first deworming before leaving Its place of birth. It will then be dewormed every month until the age of 6 months, then twice a year.
The dewormer helps prevent the development of worms in the puppy’s digestive system and therefore protects It against a variety of diseases.
The identification chip
By law, the puppy must have already been identified by its breeder before its transfer.
Following that, a tiny electronic identification chip is placed under the animal’s skin at the neck or behind its left ear. It’s detected thanks to a reader available to veterinarians, teams of pounds, shelters, and animal protection associations. It allows, in case of loss or accident, to identify the dog and find its owner.