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Affenpinscher: Dog Breed Profile

Affenpinscher

Given the age of this breed, experts have encountered various difficulties in establishing the exact moment in which it originated, as well as the crosses that led to its appearance.

So everything is based on guesswork, as well as some pictographic evidence.

For example, it has been established that the breed already existed in the 16th century due to the fact that specimens of Affenpinscher dogs appeared in paintings dating from that date.

Due to the morphological and genetic characteristics of the affenpinscher, it has been determined that it is most likely descended from German terriers, the pinscher, or the miniature schnauzer, among other options.

Other names: Griffon monkey, Zwergaffen

History 

Given the age of this breed, experts have encountered various difficulties in establishing the exact moment in which it originated, as well as the crosses that led to its appearance.

So everything is based on guesswork, as well as some pictographic evidence. For example, it has been established that the breed already existed in the 16th century due to the fact that specimens of Affenpinscher dogs appeared in paintings dating from that date.

Due to the morphological and genetic characteristics of the affenpinscher, it has been determined that it is most likely descended from German terriers, the pinscher, or the miniature schnauzer, among other options.

The Affenpinscher is the forefather of two other breeds: the Belgian Griffon and the Brussels Griffon, whose faces are also reminiscent of those of a monkey.

Although Affenpinschers are as brave as terriers, they are too small to act as working dogs, so they are mainly kept as companion dogs.

Characteristics 

Affenpinschers are small-sized dogs, as they are the smallest breed within the pinscher group, their weight is between 8 and 13 pounds, with females being somewhat smaller than males.

The height at the withers is between 9 and 11 inches, so it is a fairly small dog.

Regarding the physical characteristics of the affenpinscher dog, the body is quite compact, with a short and strong back, a somewhat broad chest, and a sickle-shaped tail.

Their legs are straight, robust, and finished in round and short feet, whose nails are equally short and black in color. The head is rounded, with a prominent forehead and a short, straight muzzle, with stop.

Affenpinschers have dark-colored, round-shaped eyes, high-set and V-shaped ears that fall forward, although some specimens may have them erect, in this case, their size is quite smaller and they must be vertical.

The coat of the affenpinscher is made up of hard and high-density hair, with very bushy eyebrows that surround the eyes, like a crown, a marked beard, and a forelock on top of the head, which must be of hard hair.

Straight and perpendicular to the birth, as if it were shaped like a lightning bolt. The color can only be pure black, including the woolly undercoat that the breed presents.

Character 

The Affenpinscher is lively and self-confident, sometimes strong-willed and courageous, but at the same time always very affectionate to his owner.

He is rather suspicious of strangers, which is why he should be socialized well as a puppy.

These dogs receive the affectionate nickname of the “black devils” due to their restlessness as they are very attentive and active, with a strong character.

But that does not mean that it is a difficult dog to take care of because it is the opposite, it is one of the most recommended breeds for family life because they are very affectionate and love to spend time with their human companions.

However, they may be somewhat naughty, and this leads to some damage at home, so it will be important that we allow them to perform daily physical activity, so that they are calmer, as well as educate them to respect the furniture and play exclusively with the toys we provide them.

Especially if we have adopted an affenpinscher puppy, early education will be the key to success.

These dogs do not hesitate to impose themselves if they think that someone is hurting their own, as they will be very brave and fierce to defend their owners against any threat, regardless of their small size.

This can make Affenpinschers a little suspicious of strangers, but they are not usually aggressive if we have educated them properly.

Care

Although the fur of the Affenpinscher may seem difficult to treat due to its thickness, its hardness, and its length, it is not at all difficult to keep this coat in good condition, since the breed standard establishes that the appearance of an Affenpinscher includes having hair somewhat disheveled.

Therefore, it will be enough to brush it on a weekly base to maintain a neat look. In addition, we will be able to eliminate the dust and dirt that may have accumulated in Its dense.

We will also be able to detect possible attached parasites such as fleas or ticks.

Like all society and Belgian dog breeds, Affenpinschers have a high energy requirement.

Since their stomachs are small, they have to eat small portions several times a day.

Small breed food is specially formulated to provide the right proportions of the most essential nutrients and the right kibble size for smaller mouths. This encourages chewing and improves digestion.

Small dogs also need exercise, and Affenpinschers are active dogs that need reasonably long walks (20 to 40 minutes a day). They love games that are mentally and physically demanding, but they shouldn’t be too wild.

 Education

One of the biggest challenges we have to face when it comes to training an affenpinscher is its Hyper nature.

To calm them down and not be destructive, it is recommended to use training techniques that can relax your pet. Do you know that dogs can also practice yoga to maintain a balanced character?

To avoid aggressiveness towards strangers, we must ensure that their socialization is being optimal and that they get used to dealing with strangers at a very young age, otherwise, things can be quite difficult, being sometimes very difficult to achieve that adult specimens change their way of behaving with people who are unknown to them.

Thus, if we have adopted an Affenpinscher puppy, we will start their socialization as soon as the veterinarian allows us.

In case of having adopted an adult dog, we will start on day one, always after having evaluated the character of the dog.

Health

Do you know that Affenpinschers are among the top 10 healthiest dogs in the world? Normally an affenpinscher will be a very healthy dog, and quite long-lived.

The life expectancy of the Affenpinscher is,  usually between 12 and 15 years, although there have been some that exceeded that age.

The breed can suffer from some conditions, such as hip dysplasia, for which it is essential that it be detected as early as possible, the more advanced it gets, the more difficult it will be to alleviate it.

They can also present patellar problems, such as dislocation of the patella, which comes out of its hole, it might need a  professional to reposition it.

Another of the pathologies that can affect the Affenpinscher are those related to eye health, having such a long fur in the eye area the hair comes into contact with the retina, damaging it, or dirt accumulation, which needs to be removed with an appropriate ear cleaner for dogs.

BEHAVIOR & CHARACTER

AFFECTION

CALM

PROTECTIVE

INDEPENDENT

HUNTER

BARKS / HOWLS

BEHAVIOR WITH OTHERS

EDUCATION

CLEVER

OBEDIANT

LIVING CONDITION

SUITABLE FOR APARTMENT

GOOD FOR NEW MASTERS

LOVES THE HEAT

LOVES THE COLD

HEALTH

SOLID

EASE TO GAIN WEIGHT

MAINTENANCE & HYGIENE

EASE TO MAINTAIN

COST OF MAINTENANCE

HAIR LOSS

DROOL LEVEL

EASE TO GROOM

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

ATHLETIC

ENERGY LEVEL

PLAYFUL

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