The Mini Doberman Pinscher, also known as the Miniature Pinscher, is a breed of small dogs with a difficult temper, bred in Germany in the 19th century. Despite the small height of 7-11 inches, the original function of the pinschers was to catch rats and guard stagecoaches.
Over time, the brave watchman became a pet, who has not lost its service qualities and is always ready to come to the aid of a member of its “human flock”.
A Brief History of the Miniature Pinscher
The first mention of the small miniature pinscher dates back to the 15th century. However, there is no reliable confirmation of the existence of these particular dogs in ancient times. The first small Dobermann saw the light on the lands of Württemberg, Germany. Its functions were versatile: the dog was an excellent rat catcher, a coach of stagecoaches, keeping up with the pace of horses.
The second half of the 19th century was marked by the fact that German breeders began to purposefully improve the small pinschers. The Doberman Mini dog breed standard was officially approved in 1880. And the first exhibition was held in Stuttgart, 10 years later, in 1900.
Interesting Facts About Miniature Pinscher
The little Doberman has earned popularity due to Its extraordinary abilities and conformation. A few interesting facts:
- The animal has an unusual gait that resembles a trotter. Because of it, the little miniature pinscher got the name “poor man’s riding pony.”
- The representatives of the breed have a very sensitive ear, picking up the quietest sounds and allowing to determine from a long distance that the owner is approaching the house.
- The mini Doberman is often called the “king of small dogs” among dog breeders.
- Despite the similarity to the Doberman Pinscher, the Little Pinscher is not a variety of the first breed. It was bred by a dog handler who was inspired by a miniature and agile dog. The name of the breeder F.L. Dobermann was the origin of a similar name for the breed.
Description of the breed, standards, and appearance
A small representative of the breed copes with various tasks. Despite its diminutiveness, it is classified as a service dog. It’s energetic, tireless. The body is muscular and graceful. The glossy coat makes the dog the center of attention at dog shows where different breeds of dogs are present.
The current breed standard, which must be met by all dogs applying for admission to shows and breeding, was adopted in 2007. According to the document, the Doberman Mini belongs to group 2 “Pinscher, Schnauzers, Molossians, Swiss Shepherd Dogs”, and the description of the breed is as follows:
- The head is oblong with straight lines.
- Neck – graceful, of medium length, without sagging skin folds.
- Nose – the lobe is well developed, colored black.
- The bite is of a scissor-type, the jaws are strong.
- The eyes are expressive, oval in shape, predominantly dark.
- Ears – set high, cropped.
- Body – notable for a strong back and chest.
- The limbs are straight and strong. Movement is confident and fluid.
- The tail is saber or sickle-shaped, of medium length.
- Height at the withers is within 7-11 inches (the lower values refer to females).
- Weight – 8-12 pounds.
Mini Dobermans are companion dogs of active people. They have high intelligence, excellent memory, they love to learn throughout their lives. With proper care and feeding, its duration can be increased by 5 years with an average of 13-15.
Color and type of coat
Two colors are recognized as the breed standard for a dog: black and tan and red. Not so long ago, a brown and tan color, the so-called “fox”, was allowed.
Now only in the USA, there are specimens with this color left for breeding. The coat is short, close-fitting, hard, and smooth in structure. With the right diet and care, it glitters, giving the Doberman mini a special charm.
Character and behavior
The progenitor of the mini Doberman is the German pinscher. This left an imprint on the character of the dog. It has a very difficult temperament – the owner must show attention, sensitivity, and, at the same time, moderate severity towards a small pet. And although the miniature size sometimes suggests the idea of using force against a wayward money Doberman, this should not be done.
The hierarchical ladder in a relationship with a small four-legged family member must be built gradually, with patience.
Mini Dobermans are very curious and playful, mobile and good-natured. Although the latter quality is shown not to everyone, but only to the family. They love to take part in the outdoor fun of children. However, they should respect the independence of the little representatives of the service breed and not try to offend in any way. Dogs are also capable of becoming a companion to an adult if the owner is not a couch potato.
Character features of the Doberman mini:
- intolerance of competition from other pets;
- love of digging;
- the development of the protective instinct.
How to choose the right puppy?
A small pedigree pet, which in the future will be able to apply for participation in exhibitions, should be chosen accompanied by a specialist. Since at an early age, the signs of the Mini Doberman breed are not so obvious, especially for an inexperienced dog breeder.
The purchase is carried out in nurseries, where you can get acquainted with the parents of a future member of the human family, observe the behavior of the baby.
Important points when choosing a future little pet:
- The place of purchase – it is better that this is a nursery, you can also contact trusted breeders.
- The behavior of a mini Doberman puppy is to be active and well socialized.
- Availability of documents. – for future participation in exhibitions, the baby must have a metric. In addition, the thoroughbred puppy has a veterinary passport with vaccinations by age.
- Acquaintance with the parents of the baby, their pedigrees – according to the behavior of the older generation, one can preliminarily judge the character that will later be formed in the mini Doberman.
Miniature Pinscher Puppies
In order for a mini Doberman to grow up healthy and smart, you need to take care of its maintenance, upbringing, and diet from an early age. After buying in the kennel, as a rule, dog handlers give detailed instructions on how to behave with a mini Doberman puppy, what to do. The diet of a small four-legged family member should be rich in vitamins and minerals for proper skeletal formation (calcium is especially important).
The breeder will tell you about the menu that was. It must be left for another week after the baby moves to a new home in order to smooth out the stress in the dog.
The frequency of feeding will depend on the age of the little pinscher:
- up to six months – 4 times;
- up to 9 months – three times a day;
- older – an adult two meals a day.
Until the age limit of 4 months is overcome, if the owner decides to feed the puppy with dry food, it should be soaked in a small amount of liquid. A container with clean drinking water is placed nearby and changed daily
Care and maintenance
It is better to feed a small representative of this breed with natural food. In order for the diet to be balanced, it is necessary to introduce the following products:
- vegetable mixture of zucchini, cucumbers, peppers, pumpkin, and carrots);
- dairy products;
- fresh articular parts of bones;
- a variety of cereals;
- lean fish without bones.
If it is not possible to cook on your own, dry mini Doberman food is bought only of premium class. Overeating for a small pet should not be allowed, since in general the representatives of the breed love to eat. Given their propensity for obesity, fatty ingredients are completely excluded from the diet.
Health and longevity depend not only on the emotional balance of the dog. It is necessary to provide comfortable living conditions for the mini Doberman, monitor the physical form, properly feed and regularly take care of the hair, ears, eyes, and take them to the veterinary clinic.
Walking and physical activity
A mini Doberman dog has considerable strength. Short walks are not enough for it. However, the loads should be moderate: do not overwork the mini Doberman.
Walk the little Pinscher on a leash, lowering it in a quiet, safe place where it can frolic. If the weather is rainy, it is better to shorten the walk.
Because the dog can get sick from being wet in the wind. During the winter, a Mani Doberman should be in constant motion, and not lay in the snow for more than 2 minutes. During this time of year, the dog needs clothes.
Training and education
The dwarf Doberman, despite its small size, has a strong character. So that the pet does not turn into a little tyrant, they begin to educate it immediately after appearing in a new house, demonstrating who the head of the “human pack” is.
From an early age, the little pinscher is socialized, accustoming it to the street. A representative of the breed should not chase cats or show aggression towards passers-by. For the misconduct of the Doberman mini, you need to scold, but not beat.
At 4 months, they begin to train the Doberman mini. In order for it to bring quick results, they use rewards in the form of a treat for a correctly executed command. Mini Doberman must not only respond to their nickname but also know the following:
- your place;
- a ban on picking food from the floor;
- the command “to me”.
Since a dog of this breed Doberman Mini loves to gnaw absolutely everything, it should understand well that any damage to property it will be punished, but not physically (force cannot be used in the upbringing process).
Care and hygiene
Mini Doberman is given a separate place in the house. It must be protected from drafts. Be sure to put a bowl of clean water next to it, put toys that will protect interior items from the teeth of the breed representative. If you do not draw the attention of the little Doberman to the balls, rubber bones, it can arrange real mayhem in the room.
Dwarf Dobermans have short hair. Caring for it is simple. It’s not prone to shedding – combing is not required. After the walk, it is enough to dry the dog with a towel. They bathe a small pet of the Mini Doberman breed once a year, not more often.
This minimizes the risk of colds and flaky skin. Due to the low weight, the dog’s claws do not grind off – they are cut once a month.
Pet’s eyes and ears are examined regularly. If necessary, wipe with cotton pads dipped in a special solution.
Vaccinations and disease propensity
The first vaccination is carried out at 2 months. The manipulation is carried out by an experienced veterinarian who will monitor the body’s response to the drug administration. Information about vaccinations is entered in the veterinary passport.
When the teeth change, the next vaccination is given. Before the procedure, 2-3 days before the procedure, the animal is given an antihelmintic. All other vaccines are administered after the little Doberman is one year old.
Subject to all conditions of detention and feeding, the Pinschers are noted for good health. However, there are a number of problems that small dog owners may face:
- high susceptibility to frostbite and overheating;
- tendency to diabetes mellitus;
- possible pathologies of the thyroid gland;
- development of cataracts and glaucoma;
- the presence of deafness and epilepsy;
- the likelihood of joint dislocation.
Pros and cons of the breed
The dwarf Doberman is a quick-witted dog that retains a lively temper until old age. However, representatives of the Miniature Pinscher breed have both advantages and disadvantages.
|Strong physique||The need for strict training|
|Easy grooming for short hair||The need for regular physical activity|
|Energetic disposition||Bad companion for passive people|
|Easy to keep in an apartment due to its small size|
The pygmy Doberman is a miniature dog with an unusual gait that makes it unique. With simple care, an energetic animal will give its owners only joy and their boundless love.