At the beginning of the 20th century, these restless miniature dogs were one of the main characters of cartoons dedicated to the German people. And all because the German Emperor Wilhelm II loved this breed so much that he kept five of its representatives of different sizes and colors.
The affectionate attitude towards dachshunds was “passed on” to members of the political elite in Germany during the Second World War. As a result, hatred of the Nazis spread to dachshunds, which for a long time after the victory over fascism was disliked by all of Europe.
Over time, passions subsided and now the dwarf dachshund is popular in many countries of the world, it is considered an intelligent and loyal pet.
A Brief History Of The Origins
Officially, the dwarf dachshund is a descendant of undersized marriages. Small stature and short legs gave it advantages for working in burrows. In addition, miniature dogs did not take up much space and required less maintenance, therefore they were especially fond of hunters.
At the end of the 18th century, mini dogs acquired modern features, received a division by size, type of coat, and working qualities. Now individuals are singled out for hunting, exhibitions, and home keeping as pets.
Interesting Facts About The Dwarf Dachshund
1) A male dachshund named Waldi became the symbol of the 1972 Olympic Games. It turned out that the outline of the Olympic marathon route resembled a mini-taxi. This is the only pet that has been honored to be the mascot of the Olympics.
2) Dwarf dachshunds are very “talkative”: they like to bark, “sing”, whine.
3) These small dogs are real guards, they have an innate gene for aggressiveness, so they are considered to be among the most unfriendly breeds.
4) Dwarf dachshunds have a very strong spirit of competition, so they become good athletes and often participate in dog races.
5) The long streamlined shape of the body of dachshunds unevenly presses on their limbs, so any jumps are dangerous. Despite this, dwarf dogs are very fond of this activity.
Description Of The Breed, Standards, And Appearance
The miniature dachshund is the second largest of the three growth varieties. The size of an adult dog is characterized by two parameters: chest volume (11-13 inches) and weight (10-13 pounds).
Description of the breed “dwarf dachshund” is included in a single group standard (number 4 according to the ICF classification).
- The head is long, smoothly connected to the muzzle, without a sharp stop, evenly tapering towards the nose, but not sharpened. The brow ridges are well defined.
- The muzzle is long, wide at the base. The jaw is strong, with a full set of teeth. Scissor bite.
- The nose is large.
- The eyes are round and medium in size. The iris is brown (dark to hazel).
- The ears are set high, drooping at the temples, rather long, soft, pushed forward.
- The body is long, elongated, streamlined, with a smooth topline, organically connected to the withers. The croup is sloping. The back is straight, the loin is muscular. The belly is tucked up. The rib cage is voluminous, well lowered.
- The neck is curved, muscular, with a convex nape.
- The tail is a continuation of the backline, the tip is slightly bent towards the top.
- Legs are muscular, straight, short, parallel, set not narrow. The movements are energetic, sweeping. Paws are rounded.
There are three height variations for the Dachshund breed. In addition to the miniature dwarf (up to 13 pounds of weight), there is a standard (up to 22 pounds) and the smallest – rabbit (up to 8 pounds). In addition to height, the coat is also different.
Individuals of every size can have a smooth-haired, wire-haired, or long-haired type of coat.
All other characteristics (except for weight and hair) in a dwarf species converge with their counterparts.
Colors and Type of Coat
By color, a dwarf dachshund can be:
- one-color (red, brown, black);
- two-colored (black or brown with reddish tan marks on the face, paws, ears);
- spotted or marbled (reddish, white, or gray spots appear on the main dark color).
Species differing in coat type are bred separately. For example, the crossing of smooth-haired and wire-haired individuals is not allowed. The short cover should be glossy and close to the skin. Coarse hairs of medium length form characteristic feathering on the ears, tail, body, and beard. The long-haired dwarf dachshund has a long, straight coat with a soft undercoat.
Important! The wire-haired and long-haired mini-dachshund requires more grooming than the smooth-haired one.
Character And Behavior
By nature, the dachshunds are very kind, flexible, cheerful. They are ready to follow the owner all day long.
They love training, jogging, and hunting. The instincts of these miniature dogs are still preserved unchanged. Therefore, the owners are often faced with a dug-up garden, gnawed things, and “surprises” in the form of killed animals on the doorstep.
Dwarf dachshunds are very smart, however, they are often cunning and stubborn. The mini pet can just lie down in the middle of the street if it doesn’t want to move on. This trait can be combated through training.
Pygmy dogs also have protective instincts, so they make good guards. Their mistrust often takes over, which leads to conflicts with strangers and dogs.
Dwarf dachshunds and children
The dwarf dachshund treats children with restraint.
They get along with teenagers, loves to play, but dislikes kids, they don’t tolerate their pranks and mockery. Therefore, it is recommended to have such a miniature pet for those families in which children have reached 8-12 years old.
But if the puppy grew up with a newborn baby, then they will have a long-lasting and strong friendship.
How To Choose The Right Dwarf Dachshund Puppy?
To get a healthy, adequate dwarf dachshund puppy, you need to know in advance about the breeder, read the reviews of the owners about the breeder. You should also ask for documents, breeding licenses, medical certificates, and parentage.
The best option is to meet the mom and dad of the future mini-pet.
If you are given a choice of several puppies, you should pay attention to the one that reacted most actively to the appearance of guests. You can pronounce a fictitious nickname, whoever responds – will become a faithful friend. A dwarf puppy should be healthy, without obvious pathologies, non-compliance with standards.
Dwarf Dachshund Puppies
Dwarf Dachshund puppies resemble a smaller copy of an adult dog: a long body, drooping ears, intelligent eyes. The main difference is the wrinkled short muzzle, which over time takes the shape of an elongated wedge.
The color changes slightly with age, the coat may darken or get spots.
They try to acquire exhibition specimens at the age of 5-6 months, after the end of the formation of the organism.
Dwarf puppies for hunting are bought in the adolescent period of their life (6-8 months) in order to track the development of skills and the strength of instincts.
Care And Maintenance
The thoroughness of care for a dog is built based on the length and type of coat. The most unpretentious are smooth-haired individuals. Although the dwarf breed is generally undemanding, it gets along well both in an apartment and in a private house.
Important! The main criterion of care is veterinary care. Dogs are prone to serious diseases that require timely diagnosis and treatment.
Although the dwarf dachshund is a small dog, it eats a lot. If the amount of food is not limited, obesity and heart and liver problems are guaranteed. For mini-dachshunds, dry prepared foods with an already verified dose and a vitamin complex are recommended.
Super-premium dog foods with a low carbohydrate diet are fine. Among the famous brands, there are special lines for dwarf dachshunds (for example, from the company “RoyalCanin”). If it’s not possible to purchase such food, it is better to opt for diet granules for medium-sized pets with high activity.
Natural food is beneficial, provided that the products are carefully selected. A serving should correspond to the proportion: 40-50% protein, 30-40% carbohydrates, 10-20% fat. An adult dwarf dachshund should eat 100-150 g of food at a time. In total, 2 feedings are required per day, puppies – 4-5 (40-60 g each).
Allowed foods for dwarf dachshunds include boneless lean meat, cottage cheese, and kefir, apples, carrots, zucchini, buckwheat, oatmeal, and rice. Sausages, fried and smoked dishes, flour products, sugar, butter are prohibited.
Walking and physical activity
In dwarf dachshunds, the load on the spine is less than in standard dachshunds. However, their limbs are not adapted for active jumps or long descent and ascent. To avoid problems with bones and joints, it is important not to let your pet jump a lot, walk up the steps on its own, and train on high agility tracks.
Dwarf dachshunds are very active. They are used to hunting for 1.5-2 hours, constantly in motion, tracking down prey. For this reason, an adult pet needs two walks for 60-90 minutes with active training 3-4 times a week.
With puppies, they walk for 30-40 minutes, choosing an area without hills and mountains. Dwarf puppies get tired faster, they can ask for hands. They should not overload the paws and spine, to prevent the deformation process.
Training and education
A miniature dachshund doesn’t only need narrow-profile training for hunting but also a comprehensive education. Without proper socialization, the pet will become angry, aggressive, distrustful. Therefore, from an early age, dwarf puppies are taught to restrain emotions.
Dwarf dachshunds can be cunning to avoid punishment. The owners must accept this trait while still trying to re-educate their pets. You shouldn’t yell at the dog or hit him. It is better to use the method of motivation (encouragement with treats, deprivation of games or toys).
You need to teach a miniature pet to walk on a leash, endure walking, go to the toilet on the street, eat on a schedule. In addition, the puppies must learn the commands “next to”, “sit”, “lie”, “no”, “place”.
Important! The Dwarf Dachshund is a hunting breed that needs periodic skill tests. Organized field “training” for dummies or short walks in the forest, where the dog will be able to prove itself.
Care and hygiene
Smooth-haired dwarf dachshunds are the easiest pets to care for, which do not require trimming or frequent combing. Every day, after walking, the short coat is wiped with a damp towel. During the shedding season, dead hairs are removed with a glove brush.
The wire-haired dwarf dachshund is trimmed twice a year. It is better to entrust this business to a professional groomer. Long-haired miniature dogs are combed daily with a long-toothed comb to avoid tangling.
They bathe dwarf pets every 10-15 days and in case of severe pollution, but they always wash their paws after walking. The ears are examined for discharge and inflammatory formations, and the wax is cleaned with cotton pads. The teeth are cleaned with chewy treats. Claws are sheared 1 time per trimester if they do not grind on the asphalt.
Important! Every 3-4 months, the dwarf dachshund needs prevention of helminth infection. And in the warm season, treatment for ticks and fleas is required.
Vaccinations And Disease Propensity
Miniature dachshunds are hunting dogs that, even without special training, will show the qualities of a bloodhound. Many of them often come into contact with wild animals and rodents, which is why they especially need protection from dangerous infectious diseases. Nothing can cope with the virus better than getting vaccinated.
Important! All miniature puppies are vulnerable to attack by a serious virus. They have weak immunity and no innate resistance to disease. The only exceptions are those puppies who were born from a recovered mother.
There is a division into compulsory and optional vaccinations for miniature dogs. Without the first, the animal cannot mate, transported across the border, and in some countries – walked in public places. These include vaccination against distemper, enteritis, hepatitis (complex injection at 2.5 months), leptospirosis and parainfluenza (at 3-3.5 months), rabies (at six months).
To maintain the stability of the immune system, a one-time revaccination against all viruses is carried out annually.
The main problem of dwarf dachshunds is deformation of the spine and joints of the limbs. In the course of selection, these dogs acquired a bright external feature – an elongated low body. This mutation is functional in hunting, looks original, but damages the general state of health. Owners face the following diseases in mini-dachshunds:
- dysplasia of the joints;
- displacement of the intervertebral discs;
- intervertebral hernia;
- infections of the genitourinary system;
- heart failure.
How long do dwarf dachshunds live?
A dog’s life is much shorter than a human’s life because 1 year of a pet is equal to 7 years of the owner.
The average life span of dwarf dachshunds is 12-15 years. This period can be reduced or increased depending on the quality of care: nutrition, veterinary services, physical activity.
With all the rules of keeping, the dwarf dachshund can live up to 17-18 years.
Interesting! The dwarf breed occupies a leading position in longevity. In 2009, the oldest dog, according to the Guinness Book of Records, was the miniature dachshund Chanel, which lived for 21 years.
Pros and Cons Of The Breed
The dwarf dachshund has long been ranked among the most popular pet miniature pets. It does not require special care and highly specialized training. But, like all breeds, mini-dachshunds have their own advantages and disadvantages.
|Endurance and activity||The need to seek, dig|
|Loyalty, loyalty to the family, obedience||Little dachshunds are prone to weight gain|
|Developed intelligence and quick learning||Often there are serious problems with the spine|
|Variability (different sizes, types of wool, working ability)||Jealousy and resentment|
|Dwarf dachshunds are unpretentious in keeping||Top 10 aggressive and emotionally unstable breeds|
If you need a loyal pet of miniature size, you can safely purchase a dwarf dachshund.
These miniature dogs will support the owner in all endeavors: sports, hunting, and even creativity.