The long-haired dachshund is appreciated not only for its pretty appearance and mischievous disposition. Such a pet knows how to show boundless loyalty, has high intelligence, and boasts hunting skills.
Of course, this breed also has weak points. For example, a short-legged dog often suffers from diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
Let’s get to know this dog better and find out the type of owners it will suit best.
A Brief History of The Long-Haired Dachshund
The long-haired dachshund appeared due to the crossing of smooth-haired representatives of the breed with spaniels. The shaggy dog immediately attracted the attention of the Europeans. Later it was used to breed other types of dachshunds – rabbit and dwarf long-haired.
There are many gaps in the history of the origin of this breed. It is not known exactly when exactly the first long-haired dachshund appeared. However, the first mentions of it were found in literary sources in 1820.
Many interesting facts are associated with this breed. For example:
- In 2009, a dachshund named Chanel lived for 21 years, so it was included in the Guinness Book of Records.
- The American Kennel Club has ranked this breed as a hunting group. And this is well deserved because dachshunds are dexterous, hardy, fast, and nimble. It will not be difficult for them to track down, catch up and destroy prey.
- In German, the dachshund is called dachshund, which means badger dog. Representatives of this breed were used to hunt badgers and other fur-bearing animals. For this, they were highly regarded.
- Dachshunds are gluttons. Despite their small size, these dogs have an enviable appetite.
- Dogs of this breed participated in the expeditions of Jean Yves Cousteau. The writer Anton Pavlovich Chekhov was also a fan of this breed, he had two dachshunds.
Description of the Breed, Standards, and Appearance
Each dog breed has its own standard. These are the requirements that the animal’s exterior must meet. Long-haired dachshunds come in different sizes, so the weight of dogs of different species differs. Bodyweight can vary from 6 to 18 pounds, and height at the withers is from 5 to 9 inches.
What does a long-haired dachshund look like, description of the breed:
- The shape of the head is triangular but without sharp corners. The skull is flat.
- The muzzle is narrow, elongated.
- The ears are drooping, long, soft, mobile, set high.
- The brow ridges and cheekbones are well defined.
- The oval eyes are on the same horizontal line.
- The iris is most often brown, in some dogs, it’s blue or amber.
- The shade of the nose should match the color.
- Muscular neck with well-developed withers.
- The body is strong with a well-developed chest, the belly is tucked up.
- The lumbar region is elongated.
- The limbs are short. The front legs are slightly longer than the hind legs.
- All toes point forward.
- The tail is slightly curved near the tip and pulled down.
According to the requirements of the standard, long-haired dachshunds have 4 types of colors.
|Plain||Red, fawn, reddish-yellow.|
|Bicolor||Brown or black base color with tan marks on the face, ears, brow ridges, chest, on the inner side of the limbs, around the anus.|
|Marble||The base color is gray, black, or brown, the spots are gray or beige, randomly scattered over the body.|
|Tiger||The background color is red or beige, on the body there are dark stripes of different widths.|
Varieties of dogs depending on size
The breed standard provides for 3 types of long-haired dachshunds, depending on the size. It is interesting that dogs are ranked among one or another variety not by weight, but by chest girth.
|Chest circumference, Inches||more than 13||11-13||less than 11|
|Height at the withers, Inches||7-8||6-8||5.5|
In smooth-haired dachshunds, the coat is much shorter and thicker. It also feels stiffer to the touch. The cover is close to the body and has no undercoat. Long-haired dachshunds have longer and softer fur. It shines in the sun like silk. The length of the hairline may vary on different parts of the body. The ears of the long-haired dachshund are decorated with fringes.
The fur on the neck forms a kind of beard, and the cover on the lower part of the body hangs freely.
Character and Behavior
Long-haired Dachshunds are ideal dogs for a large family. They are smart, curious, and playful. Due to their character, representatives of this breed usually give preference to one household member, who becomes the object of their adoration.
They are less attached to the rest of the family, but they are friendly to everyone.
Important! Dachshunds do not tolerate loneliness, they need company and communication. Such a pet is not suitable for people who are often forced to go on business trips.
Long-haired dachshunds naturally have a highly developed hunting instinct, therefore it is unreasonable to keep a cat in the house, and even more so a rodent with such a dog. Representatives of this breed perceive other animals as either prey or competitors. Dachshunds do not agree to share their territory with someone else.
Dogs of this breed are wary of strangers. However, aggression is not peculiar to them. Dachshunds are tolerant of children, love to frolic and play with them, but they will not allow themselves to be rudely treated.
If there are small kids in the house, you need to explain to them how to properly behave with a pet. Dachshunds are jealous and touchy. A pet punished for tricks can deprive the owner of its attention for a long time, demonstrating indifference in every possible way. However, love and devotion will still prevail over resentment.
How to Choose the Right Puppy?
Since this breed is quite common, there should be no problem buying a long-haired dachshund puppy. There are kennels that breed such dogs in almost every major city. Before choosing a puppy, you should read reviews on the Internet about breeders. It is better to opt for people with a spotless reputation.
It’s important to see the parents of the puppy you like in order to understand what it will become when it grows up. You need to make sure that the dog has all the documents – pedigree, passport, vaccination data.
Before buying, you need to inspect the animal. A healthy puppy is moderately well-fed, active, and curious. Its eyes and ears are clean, the coat is shiny, well-groomed. There are no bald spots on the body.
You can keep an animal both in a private house and in a city apartment. For the arrival of a long-haired dachshund puppy, you need to carefully prepare:
- buy food, bowls, toys, a couch, hygiene products;
- hide carriers and wires;
- do wet cleaning;
- remove indoor flowers that contain toxic substances from the windowsill. This is ivy, poinsettia, carnation.
The place where the dog will rest should be in a secluded corner of the apartment, away from heating appliances. There should be no draft. You can use a bike blanket as bedding. It is important to ensure that small objects are not scattered on the floor that the dachshund can swallow.
From 3 to 6 months, the puppy is fed 5 times a day in small portions. The dog needs to be given:
- lean minced meat;
- vegetable broth;
- cottage cheese;
- pureed vegetables;
From the age of six months, the long-haired dachshund is transferred to four meals a day. During the period of changing teeth, it is undesirable to give solid granular food, it is better to offer canned food. A pet is transferred to an adult diet at 9-10 months.
Care and Maintenance of an Adult Dog
Grooming a long-haired dachshund is no more difficult than any other dog. It needs very little:
- good nutrition;
- regular walking;
- physical exercise;
- body and hair care.
The long-haired dachshund can be fed both natural food and store food. In the first case, the owner will have to compose a diet on their own.
The dog’s menu should contain the following products:
- boiled or steamed cereals – rice, buckwheat;
- lean meats and offal;
- fermented milk products – kefir, cottage cheese;
- fruits and berries (in small quantities);
- sea fish (once a week);
An adult long-haired dachshund is fed during the morning and evening. The tendency to overeating can play a cruel joke on the dog – it will lead to weight gain and health problems.
List of prohibited products:
- raw meat;
- sweets – chocolate, sweets;
- fat sour cream;
- smoked meats;
- canned vegetables.
From store feeds, those that belong to the super-premium class or holistic are preferable. They contain meat, cereals, beans, and vegetables in the right proportion, all the necessary vitamins, and minerals.
Attention! Dachshunds that eat properly have a healthy sheen in their coat.
Walking and physical activity
Dachshund is an active dog. If you do not pay enough attention to it, do not give it the opportunity to run enough for a walk, the owner of the animal may have problems. A characteristic feature of this breed is the need for digging. If it’s not satisfied, the pet will chew on upholstered furniture out of boredom.
The only way out is to give the dog such a load that it has no strength left for destructive activity.
What activities will the long-haired dachshund enjoy and benefit from:
- Swimming – strengthens muscles, does not put stress on the back, which is a weak point in this breed.
- Cross country running. However, don’t let your dog jump high.
- A visit to a docking station, if there is one nearby.
The long-haired dachshund should be walked daily whenever possible. An exception is days when it rains heavily or gusty winds blow. The minimum walk duration is 40 minutes.
Training and education
A dachshund puppy needs to be brought up from the first days of its stay in the house, as soon as the dog gets comfortable in a new place. It is important to immediately determine the boundaries of what is permitted. Dachshunds from an early age must learn the rules that need to be followed at home.
Attention! The puppy’s undesirable behavior should not be ignored, otherwise the dog will retain its bad manners for life.
The pet should be taught to go to the toilet on a diaper. When the time spent in quarantine after vaccination is over, you can go out for a walk. At this time, it is worth introducing the baby to the leash and collar.
Training should take place in a playful way. However, before starting it, it is important to establish a relationship of trust with the dachshund. Success and obedience should be praised and rewarded.
For its part, the owner must remain calm and not be overly strict, otherwise, the dog will grow up to be cowardly. To achieve the best results, it is worth signing up for classes with a dog handler.
Care and hygiene
The long-haired dachshund needs good grooming. Its cover requires special attention. It is also necessary to monitor the condition of the eyes, ears, teeth, and claws.
To keep the coat of a long-haired dachshund looking luxurious and shining with a healthy sheen, the dog needs to be combed out daily. Use the brush first and then the comb.
The coat should be washed at least once a week. But so often it is not recommended to use detergents, as they disrupt the natural alkaline balance of the skin. You can bathe your dachshund with shampoo 5-6 times a year.
From time to time, you will have to contact a groomer to make a hygienic haircut between the fingers, in the ears, and in the groin area.
Dirt collects in the corners of the animal’s eyes. It should be removed every day with a cotton pad soaked in warm water or a piece of bandage. For eye care, you can use special hygiene lotions for dogs and cats.
Pet care includes examining the ears. Sulfur and dust particles accumulate there. Cotton swabs are not suitable for cleaning sinks – they can easily damage the eardrum. It is better to clean the external ear canal with a cotton swab soaked in vaseline oil or hydrogen peroxide.
After changing milk teeth to permanent ones, it is important to make it a rule to monitor oral hygiene. Pet stores sell special pastes for animals and brushes that you can put on your finger.
The teeth are cleaned once a week. To prevent the formation of tartar, a long-haired dachshund should be given hard treats.
Dog claws do not grow back too quickly. Pets, who often walk on the street for a long time, have time to grind. If they get too long and start to knock on the floor, they should be shortened.
You will need a nail clipper for the procedure. With its help, only the tip with a length of 1 mm is removed. The main thing is not to cut off too much and not to touch the living tissue with blood vessels.
Vaccinations and disease propensity
The average lifespan of long-haired dachshunds is 15-16 years. However, it largely depends on how carefully the owner of the dog takes care of its health. The so-called Achilles heel of the long-haired dachshund is the spine. He is exposed to great stress due to the special structure of the body.
The following signs indicate nascent back problems:
- the dachshund feels pain when pressing on the lower back
- restless behavior.
If you have these symptoms, your dog should be seen by a veterinarian. Spinal problems can lead to paralysis of the legs.
Other common long-haired dachshund diseases include:
To prevent the long-haired dachshund from contracting an infectious disease, it is necessary to vaccinate in a timely manner. The first vaccinations are given in the nursery, the veterinarian will tell you about the further immunization schedule.
The dog must be vaccinated against the following diseases:
Important! Long-haired dachshunds need to be regularly treated for ectoparasites and worms. Fleas, lice and ticks are carriers of infectious diseases and some types of helminthiasis.
Pros and cons of the breed
The long-haired dachshund dog breed has both advantages and disadvantages. Before you get such a pet, you should weigh the pros and cons.
|High intelligence, good learning ability||Developed hunter instinct|
|Easy to clean||Loves to dig holes, so it can ruin furniture|
|Unpretentiousness in food||A tendency to gain excess weight|
|Loyalty, obedience||Problem spine|
The long-haired dachshund has every chance of becoming an excellent companion for the family, but since it is characterized by stubbornness and an irrepressible tendency to pranks, the puppy must be raised from an early age. Otherwise, the dog’s stay in the apartment can turn into a real nightmare.