The Yorkshire Terrier, under its guise, remains a dog with a full personality and quite nervous. Used mainly as a companion dog, it is a very affectionate animal with its master with a certain spirit of adventure.
It needs great love in return. Very kind to children, but not very patient – It remains one of the favorite dogs in the United States. It’s also the smallest dog of the terrier family.
Other names: Yorkshire Dwarf Terrier, Longhaired Dwarf Terrier, Yorkshire Toy Terrier, York, Yorkie
History of the breed
The origin of the breed dates back to the Second Industrial Revolution, at the beginning of the 19th century, when many workers in the woolen industry left Scotland to reach Yorkshire (a city in England) with their dogs.
Thanks to the crossing with several local terriers, including the Bichon Maltais, they obtained the Yorkshire Terrier. It was designed for hunting rats in mines or rabbits in burrows. Its small size and long hairs are essential elements for its extraction in burrows. The official breed standard was established in 1898.
- Its coat: reasonably long on the body, It’s also exceptionally smooth and shiny. Its fine and silky touch is very pleasant during the caress. However, its coat remains long and falling on the head and closer to the ears and on the muzzle.
- Its color: from the base of the skull, the hair is dark steel blue and tan on the head and the lower limbs.
- Its head : rather small and flat. It sports a slightly rounded skull and a moderately long, bearded muzzle.
- Its ears: small in the shape of V. Carried straight, they are not set apart and covered with short hair.
- Its eyes: bright and dark. They are medium in size and cut to look straight in the face, giving them a very expressive look.
- Its body: compact has a straight back, a supported kidney, and slightly curved ribs.
- Its tail: cut short enough, the Yorkshire Terrier carries it higher than the level of the back. This one is well furnished with hair.
Behavior With Others
The Yorkshire Terrier is a dog of character, alert, and endowed with good intelligence. Affectionate and exuberant, Itwill be a wonderful companion dog. Devoted to Its masters, It can however lose patience with overly playful children.
However, with a very strong character, surely, sometimes it can become stubborn and not very patient. Adapted for the elderly, It knows how to use its voice to play as a real alarm dog in order to warn Its owners in case of intruders.
Its fragile dog appearance is just a decoy. It’s a fierce rat hunter.
This dog of character and sometimes stubborn requires a certain firmness . We have to set limits for it. Not many people dare to stand up to It because It has the physique of a plush dog.
However, It needs an early and rigorous education to be able to control it. Behind its natural beauty hides a lively and determined dog .
Its intelligence is both an asset and a disadvantage since It understands every situation and will try each time to emerge victorious. However, It adapts very easily to the lifestyle of Its master whether he/she is athletic or not.
They are dogs known for their ease of barking (alarm dog), so it will be necessary to linger if this phenomenon becomes troublesome.
The Yorkshire is above all a dog made to live in the city . It’s not a canine that needs to be outdoors all day, on the contrary. It will be much better indoors , in its cozy nest in an apartment . However, It should not be deprived of an outing. A daily walk intended above all for Its needs must be safeguarded.
On this occasion, do not hesitate to put on a little coat. This is not necessarily for the cold, but above all to protect Its dress from any dirt. If It’s predisposed to living in an apartment , It will require a lot of outings in the garden.
Health & Maintenance
Fairly strong, but like all small dogs, It’s subject to some recurring physical troubles. Indeed, it is predisposed to joint problems and bone fragility especially in the cervical vertebrae and kneecaps . Finally, Its teeth can also be a problem .
From the age of 4, the Yorkshire Terrier can suffer from a dental malposition causing the appearance of a tartar plaque which can go as far as gingivitis or loosening.
The life expectancy of a Yorkshire Terrier is, on average, between 10 years and 16 years.
Its hair grows constantly (.5 to .7 Inchesper month). Its long dress, if allowed to grow, is often prone to knotting . The absence of undercoat leaves the skin vulnerable to external aggressions such as rain, wind or pollution. As with all dogs, it is necessary to regularly clean its teeth and ears, but also to cut its nails.
Monthly professional grooming is recommended. Indeed, the coat can measure 13 Inches for a height of 7 Inches at the withers and therefore the problem of knots is frequent. To prolong the effects of professional grooming and keep it silky and shiny , be sure to brush and comb it every day.
Its characteristic long soft and silky coat requires weekly or even daily attention. Even if you keep it with short hairs, brush it almost daily . The Yorkshire Terrier is one of the few breeds that does not moult.
To feed it, we prefer dry food (croquettes) of premium quality. In general, it is recommended to give the Yorkshire Terrier 40 grams of dry food per day and divided into 2 meals.
Be sure to take a type of kibble adapted to its small size and breed (if possible). Always refer to the recommendations indicated on the packet of industrial dry food. Be careful not to offer too many foods rich in fat, in fact the Yorkie can quickly gain weight due to its small size.