Australian Cattle Dog: Dog Breed Profile

AUSTRALIAN CATTLE DOG

The Australian Cattle Dog is a rustic, medium-sized, compact, and strong dog. The Australian Cattle Dog gives Its master and Its adoptive family all Its great qualities as a protective and guard dog, Its fidelity, Its loyalty, Its intelligence, and Its endurance. Add to that Its great kindness and gentleness, as well as Its docility.

It is therefore a canine that amazes its adoptive family and is suitable for couples with and without children.

History of the breed

The breed of the Australian Cattle Dog was created with the aim of obtaining a dog suitable for work, mainly for the cattle which it is brought to lead over large areas in Australia. Little by little, the robustness, intelligence, endurance, and bite of the dog were developed over the selections, resulting in the Australian Cattle Dog that we know today. It is most likely the result of the cross between the dingo, a wild dog from Australia and Southeast Asia, and different breeds of British Collies imported to Oceania. Further additions of Dalmatian and Black and Tan Kelpie are also very possible. The current standard for the breed was established in October 2012.

Physical features

  • Its coat: smooth, with a dense and short undercoat, a tight, straight, hard topcoat, lying flat. All of this ensures good impermeability.
  • Its color: speckled blue (predominantly blue, marbled blue or speckled blue without other marks) or truity of red (small red marks distributed over the whole body, even on the undercoat).
  • Its head: strong, in harmony with the general proportions of the body. The skull is large, slightly convex between the ears. The stop is light, but clear.
  • Its ears: of moderate size, broad at their base, erect, well apart at the attachment and reacting to the slightest noise.
  • Its eyes : medium in size, oval in shape, and dark brown in color. They display a lively and intelligent expression.
  • Its body: compact and harmonious as a whole, with a horizontal topline, a strong back, a broad and muscular kidney, a long and sloping croup, as well as a well let down chest and of moderate width.
  • Its tail: length reaching the hock, well furnished with hair, set moderately low, hanging and slightly curved at rest, raised in alert.

Behavior With Others

The Australian Cattle Dog is an attentive dog, alert, intelligent, courageous, reliable, and driven by a fairly strong instinct for protection. It’s docile with Its master, but wary of people It does not know. Its characteristic gaze clearly means that It’s on Its guard in the presence of strangers. The Australian Cattle Dog is cut for the job. Its original duties are to watch and guide cattle, but It’s equally at home as a companion, guard, and agility dog.

It’s therefore very suspicious of strangers. It’s always on the alert,  ready to intervene to defend Its adoptive family. It’s courageous and trustworthy,  very loyal. It’s very gentle and does not emit any aggressiveness even if It knows how to defend Itself if necessary. A great playmate for children.

Note: cohabitation with other animals will be possible, if socialization work is done well upstream, especially during the period of development conducive to socialization, namely between 1 and 3 months.

Education 

It’s intelligent, lively, and blessed with remarkable understanding. The education of the Australian Cattle Dog must be firm, but without the balance of power. It’s generally obedient and assimilates Its learning well.

In addition, It instinctively seeks work and puts all Its abnegation into it. It must be socialized very early to avoid conflicts that can arise in adulthood with Its peers. Do not hesitate to take it for a walk in town or in public places so that it can soak up the outside atmosphere and thus let it lower its guard in the presence of intruders.

Living Conditions

Due to its origins, the Australian Cattle Dog does not adapt very well to living in an apartment. This canine needs space to spend physically. A house with a large fenced garden would make It happy. The Australian Cattle Dog is intended more for active owners who can offer enough exercise. It’s indefatigable and will be happy to follow Its master when jogging or cycling.

Health & Maintenance

The Australian Bouvier is a dog with a robust constitution that does not fear much in terms of climatic conditions. However, two hereditary pathologies that may affect this breed should be screened for: congenital deafness and progressive retinal atrophy. In some cases, it is also fragile at the hip where dysplasia can appear.

The life expectancy of an Australian Cattle Dog is, on average, between 10 years and 13 years.

The Australian Cattle Dog is an extremely easy to care dog. Its dress made of short hair just needs to be kept clean and healthy in order to retain its waterproofness. Only regular maintenance is necessary.

Brushing this type of dog should be done regularly. The cleanliness of its eyes and ears should be monitored, as well as that of its paws after outings in rural or forest areas.

The diet of the Australian Cattle Dog must be in line with its daily energy expenditure. IT can be satisfied with human food as well as high-quality kibble. Do not hesitate to seek advice from a veterinarian.

The Australian Cattle Dog is by nature an active and independent dog. It, therefore, needs long daily walks and some outings in open areas  (countryside, forests, etc.). It also appreciates being able to indulge in various games and activities such as agility events.

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Dogo Argentino: Dog Breed Profile

Dogo Argentino

The Dogo Argentino is a magnificent dog with Its white coat and Its proud and confident appearance. Formerly used to fight bulls and hunt wild boars or even pumas.

A hunting dog, it’s above all a great life companion for families. It’s gentle, affectionate, requires tenderness and presence. It’s faithful, loyal, and above all little barker. It’s an excellent protection dog. In addition, It does not require any particular maintenance, except to be often at Its side, because It does not support loneliness.

History of the breed

The Dogo Argentino comes straight from the region of Cordoba, Argentina. Thanks to doctor  Antonio Nores Martinez that this breed of dog was born. He was a surgeon in the first half of the 20th century.

He decided to cross a former Cordoba fighting dog (perro de pelea cordobès), which Itself came from a cross between Mastiffs, Bulldogs, and Bull Terriers. The dogs used for breeding were all completely white.

This drastic and precise selection allowed the doctor to create different lines. Thus, the Cordoba fighting dog was itself crossed with a German mastiff to sublimate the head, a Bordeaux mastiff, a Pointer, and a Boxer.

The Argentinian Mastiff standard was established in 1928. At first, it was used as a fighting dog. The doctor was convinced that it could be used during hunting parties. So in 1947, he took his best dogo to the Buenos Aires Hunters Club for a demonstration. A fine sense of smell, impressive muscles, and very good endurance convinced the most skeptics.

It arrived in Europe in the 1970s, first in Italy and then in France, where it became very popular. The  Fédération Cynologique Internationale recognized the breed on July 31,1973.

Physical features

  • Its hair : short and smooth.
  • Its color : entirely white with sometimes a few black spots around the eye.
  • Its head : it has a convex shaped skull, with jaws with extremely developed muscles, which gives it a powerful bite.
  • Its ears : high and drooping, they were once cut off, which is now prohibited.
  • Its eyes : dark, they oscillate between very dark black and hazelnut brown. They are wide apart and almond shaped.
  • Its body : massive and powerfully muscular, but harmonious;
  • Its tail : long, it falls to the hock: it becomes thinner as you approach its end.

Behavior With Others

The Argentinian Mastiff is endowed with an extremely rare psychological balance. It’s very smart. It’s very faithful and loyal to Its master whom It will defend from all possible dangers. It’s calm and not very barking.

It’s perfect for a family with children if it was used to being around them in Its youth. It will thus be a  perfect playmate. It’s courageous, pugnacious and will always be on the alert.

Thus, It’s excellent in the role of a protective dog. It’s endearing and needs tenderness and attention to be fulfilled. It loves the presence of other animals. It has a tendency to want to dominate Its fellows.

Be careful, Its imposing physique and the power of Its bite can make It a dangerous dog if placed in the wrong hands. It’s an excellent guard and defense dog.

Education 

Perfectly adapted to family life, the Argentinian Mastiff needs a careful and strict education. It easily complies with the rules imposed on It. They must be coherent and instilled with firmness, but not brutality.

It’s not recommended to stimulate Its aggressiveness. On the contrary, you have to curb Its enthusiasm. It may be more distant with strangers. As long as it has been socialized from an early age, it cohabits more easily with other animals.

The Dogo Argentino Puppies tend to be shy when they arrive in their new family. It’s important to make It social as soon as possible, especially with children. It must learn to play with them and feel their presence. The Dogo is a hound and, therefore, It can be stubborn.

It must feel completely safe in order to follow Its master’s orders to the letter. Getting help from a professional at a dog club can be a great idea in order to avoid making mistakes and to ensure good training.

Living Conditions

The Dogo Argentino adapts very easily to its environment, but it cannot live in an urban environment without a large garden and very frequent outings. It supports loneliness if It has been used to it, even if it’s contrary to Its temperament.

It needs a lot of physical activity. It lives as calmly in a house as It does outside, except during winter when it tends to get cold and snowy, providing it with a warm shelter is a must. The apartment living is not necessarily recommended unless it can be released several times a day.

Health & Maintenance

The Argentine Mastiff is a rustic dog, rigorously selected and which is the subject of numerous crosses to avoid inbreeding. The puppy should be watched carefully until adulthood to prevent possible developmental problems. Adapted to harsh conditions, hardy, and blessed with excellent genetic diversity, this breed presents few health problems.

As in other breeds of dogs, the white color is due to a gene responsible for a predisposition to deafness, neither rare nor frequent, normally detected from the age of 3 months (check with the breeder). Finally, because of fairly fine hair, too long exposure to a scorching sun can cause it to heat up.

The life expectancy of an Argentinian Mastiff is, on average, between 12 years and 14 years.

Its maintenance is very easy. It is an outdoor dog that has few needs, apart from a demanding food intake during growth. Its energetic and playful temperament is then coupled with an exceptional muscular development.

Weekly brushing is enough, possibly a bath every 4 to 6 months. The length of the coat may vary depending on the climate. In temperate zones, it is longer, with a possible undercoat which requires more frequent brushing.

The diet of the Argentinian Dogo should be carefully monitored, especially at the beginning of Its life. It grows quickly and must have a  diet adapted to Its morphological change. Indeed, a poor diet has repercussions on the Dogo’s articular or muscular problems.

Kibble especially appropriate to the weight of Dogo can be found in specialty stores. Do not hesitate to ask for advice on the ratios to feed It.

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Jack Russell Terrier: Dog Breed Profile

Jack russell terrier

The Jack Russell Terrier is a robust, very active dog with a strong personality. It has an elastic body, of medium height.  This energetic hound dog breed needs to be exercised well enough to thrive.

History of the breed

The Parson Russel Terrier was created by Pastor John Jack Russel in the 19th century, to whom we also owe the Jack Russel. An English pastor who was passionate about hunting and known as a breeder of Fox Terriers.

His goal was to find a dog capable of running fast, but also to go underground to dislodge foxes and prey in burrows Since the second world war. The Parson Russel Terrier has knows a growing success since then. The breed was provisionally recognized by the FCI in 1990.

Physical features

  • Its coat: can be of 2 different textures (soft or hard), but it remains short enough and made to withstand bad weather.
  • Its color: mostly white with black or tan spots. The tawny spots can range from light to dark.
    Its head has a flat skull of moderate width. The latter decreases in width the more we go down towards the eyes and the muzzle.
  • Its ears: V-shaped fall towards the front of the head. They are usually chestnut-colored, but they can also be white or spotted.
  • Its eyes: small, dark, and almond-shaped.
  • Its body: slightly longer than high. His neck is well pronounced as his chest remains muscular. Its silhouette recalls that of the Fox Terrier.
  • Its tail: drooping when the dog is at rest, but it must be trained when it is having fun or if it’s excited.

Behavior With Others

Unlike the Jack Russel which is popular as a companion dog, the Parson Russel Terrier is mainly used as a hunting dog.

Cohabitation with other dogs can be problematic. When hunting, it’s appreciated for its vigor, its capacity for work, and its tenacity. It’s very intelligent, this dog will be educated without any particular difficulty. A minimum of firmness will however be necessary. Despite a hunting instinct, It loves family life. It’s also a good playmate for children.

Education 

With the Jack Russell Terrier, priority should be given to education. Its activity often makes It not very attentive in the long term. It’s therefore advisable to stimulate Its attention by games or short orders but each time synonymous with reward.

Thus, It will learn easily. Care must be taken to be firm without neglecting the gentleness that will appeal to this dog.

Living Conditions

The Jack Russell Terrier is not really made to live in the city although they adapt easily to it. However, Its character is not compatible with life as a solitary cloistered in an apartment.

Its ideal place to live remains a house in the countryside with a garden so that It can walk around and exercise.

Health & Maintenance

This robust dog, unfortunately, suffers from some hereditary diseases sometimes due to inbreeding. It’s important to choose it well, as some specimens remain subject to hyperactivity with behavior that is difficult to control.

Like all small breed dogs, care should be taken to control their teeth, which are often too large for their small jaw. It remains sensitive to the formation of tartar in particular.

This breed is susceptible to:

  • Hereditary spinocerebellar ataxia which results in degeneration of nerve cells. It appears between the 2 and 9th month of life of the puppy. The symptoms are reflected in particular by epileptic seizures , and balance disorders. There is no cure.
  • Dislocation of the lens.

The life expectancy of a Jack Russell Terrier is, on average, between 13 years and 16 years.

The Jack Russell Terrier remains subject to permanent molting with stronger periods in the fall and spring. This is explained by the absence of an undercoat and that is why this dog is losing Its hair abundantly.

It’s recommended to brush the dog with a brush or a rubber glove. Do not wash the dog too often, approximately every 4 months for those living in the city and when it gets really dirty in the countryside.

The diet of the Jack Russell Terrier should be adapted to Its lifestyle. This canine is easily satisfied with an industrial diet based on high-quality pates or croquettes

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English Bulldog: Dog Breed Profile

English bulldog

The English Bulldog, or more simply Bulldog, is originally from Great Britain. The term “bull” in the name comes from the use of these dogs in bull-baiting, a somewhat bloody activity officially declared illegal in England in the mid-19th century.

The Bulldog is a majestic dog, but at the same time very friendly and an excellent life partner. Despite Its stocky physique and impressive qualities, the Bulldog is an extremely gentle dog and is particularly protective of Its family members.

It’s very affable towards children and generally never appears violent or aggressive. Bulldogs also make excellent watchdogs, although they can still be somewhat stubborn and resolute. Early socialization and constant training can also help them overcome certain behavioral problems.

The History of the English Bulldog

Unfortunately, the history of the English Bulldog is quite bloody. This breed originated between the 16th and 17th centuries and was “created” precisely for bull-baiting, a “sport”, if you can define it that way, rather violent that saw the fight to the death between a dog and a bull.

The original Bulldog specimens had to be fierce, powerful, and courageous in order to survive. For these dogs, therefore, no attention was paid to conformation, temperament, beauty, and physical proportions as for many other dogs. They are dogs bred to be wild, violent, aggressive, and nearly immune to physical pain.

The unusual jaw of Bulldogs shorter than the mandible and characterized by the fact that the lower part protrudes slightly from the upper, as well as being moderately turned upwards, undoubtedly derives from those terrible days in which these dogs, engaged in the fight against a bull, thanks to these peculiarities they could firmly grasp the bull and not let go until the end.

It was certainly not the best time to establish a good man-dog relationship. Clandestine dogfighting in so-called “pits” became very popular when the bull-baiting was declared illegal and was no longer practiced.

In 1885, fighting between bulls and dogs became illegal in England. Despite the fact that this could have led to rapid extinction of the Bulldogs, a number of animal enthusiasts and lovers have tried to keep this breed alive and avoid extinction by preserving and promoting mainly its positive rather than negative qualities.

Within a very few generations, the English Bulldog became one of the best dog breeds both for physical qualities and temperament, especially after it had been possible to completely eliminate the original violent nature of these dogs. The result is the modern, docile, friendly English Bulldog that adapts to any situation. This dog can live anywhere, loves children, It’s very affectionate and loyal and it is also quite easy to take care of It. To date, the Bulldog is probably one of the kindest and most affectionate breeds in the world.

english-bulldog

Physical characteristics and health problems of the English Bulldog

The average life span of a Bulldog is around 8-12 years. Due to the large size of the skull, disproportionate to the rest of the body, most female Bulldogs are unable to cope with natural birth. Because of this, Caesarean deliveries are quite common in this breed and are usually scheduled well in advance. Other possible health problems, or other information to know about this breed, include:

  • Eye problems: problems or pathologies of the eyes and/or related to the visual abilities of the dog
  • Deafness: defined as the complete or partial lack or loss of hearing.
  • Cancer (various forms): understood as any malignant tumor
  • Hip dysplasia: involves abnormal development and/or degeneration of the hip (or coxo-femoral) joint
  • Cryptorchidism: failure of one or both testicles to descend into the scrotal sac
  • Defect of the ventricular septum
  • Aortic stenosis
  • Heatstroke (hypertermination)
  • Pulmonary stenosis
  • Demodicosis in a generalized form
  • Follicular dysplasia
  • Cleft palate
  • Anconeus process of the ulna
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Emivertebre
  • Spina bifida
  • Genetic dwarfism (achondroplasia)
  • Ectopic ureter
  • Calculosis of the urinary tract, or urolithiasis
  • Tracheal hypoplasia
  • Dystocia
  • Upper airway brachycephalic syndrome

Personality of the English Bulldog

When you look at an English Bulldog’s short and slightly pouty muzzle, you certainly can’t imagine this sweet little dog being able to bring a bull to its knees and succumb, although that is precisely why this breed was originally bred for.

English butchers in the Middle Ages used Bulldogs to capture and kill bulls destined for slaughter. Their short face and powerful jaw were essential for the dog to latch onto a bull’s neck and, without ever letting go, bring him to his knees, literally.

Nowadays, however, the Bulldog is more reputed to be a true lover of belly scratches and cuddles than a herculean fighter and hunter. Bulldogs are dogs that love to play, very affectionate and loyal. Excellent with children, they are quite affable and undeniably have the patience of a saint especially with those children who, playing with them, want to hug them or even ” ride ” them.

They are one of the most affectionate and quiet breeds in the world, as well as being very little nervous or irritable like dogs. Although puppies are full of energy and real earthquakes, adult Bulldogs are particularly calm and prefer a nice afternoon nap on the sofa to a long walk in the park.

english-bulldog

Bulldog Exercise

Bulldogs do not need to do intense physical activity, in fact, they should not do excessive physical exercise especially in the hottest periods of the year. Despite their love of relaxation and the couch, Bulldogs still need to take daily walks so that they can always maintain perfect physical shape, as they are easily prone to obesity and overweight.

A Bulldog can be perfectly happy and comfortable in an apartment or condominium as well as in a house with a large garden. They are animals that adapt very easily, quiet and very little active when they are at home, so the size of your home will never be a problem for a Bulldog, provided of course that they have a nice place to nappy in peace.

Bulldog Training

Bulldogs are somewhat stubborn so it can be particularly difficult to train them. Tasty Rewards and positive reinforcement are the only two methods that could work with this breed, as using a heavy hand will certainly never get you anywhere with a Bulldog.

english-bulldog

Bulldogs Behavior

Despite the fact that they are generally quiet and easygoing dogs, Bulldogs have a serious behavioral problem: a somewhat aggressive attitude when it comes to food and what is in their bowl. These dogs love to eat, so it is recommended that no one gets in the way of a Bulldog and Its food.

You should therefore teach your children to stay away from the dog’s bowl, and if you have other pets in the house, feed them in areas of the house other than where your Bulldog’s bowl is.

Aggression in these dogs could also be a problem. Grown-up with another dog, Bulldogs shouldn’t present any problems, although males tend to be a little more aggressive as adults, especially towards other males. Bulldogs should therefore be socialized very early so that they quickly get used to spending time with other dogs.

If you are not a fan of dogs that snore, grunt, drool, and suffer from flatulence then the Bulldog is certainly not the dog for you. These dogs in fact have all the aforementioned traits, and even in excessive quantities.

English Bulldogs: frequently asked questions

Is the English Bulldog suitable for families?

English bulldogs are known for their gentle, patient, and tolerant personalities. They thrive in the family environment and love to be involved in everything the family does. They are extremely people-oriented, loyal, and devoted to their owners. They are also friendly tawards children and enjoy their company.

Why is the English Bulldog so expensive?

English Bulldogs are not only one of the most popular dog breeds in America (and other countries around the world as well), but they are also very fun animals to share a home with. Due to their popularity, a puppy with a good pedigree can cost a lot of money.

 Also, know that very few puppies are born naturally because the size of their head makes giving birth risky for both the mother and the puppies. On the contrary, puppies are born by C-section; this aspect further increases their cost.

Do all English Bulldogs have health problems?

English Bulldogs are prone to suffering from health problems. More serious problems can involve the heart, bones, or breathing. Thanks to their body structure, they are very predisposed to suffer from hip dysplasia.

Other problems that can affect a bulldog can be: eye problems, allergies, and even serious skin problems, due to the folds that form around the face, on the body, and in particular on the dog’s tail.

Being a brachycephalic breed, they are also known to suffer from dental problems. It often happens that some puppies are born with a cleft lip. Another real problem with Bulldogs is that they are extremely heat intolerant and overheat easily which can prove fatal for them.

How long do English Bulldogs live?

English Bulldogs can live anywhere from 8 to 10 years, although the average lifespan is around 8.5 years due to all the health problems they can suffer from.

In 2013, a survey by veterinary surgery was conducted about the lifespan of a Bulldog; the breed council establishes that the average life span of a Bulldog is between 8 and 10 years, if however properly cared for and fed with an appropriate and varied diet according to the different stages of its life.

Do English Bulldogs shed a lot?

English Bulldogs shed moderately throughout the year. The most intense periods occur in spring and autumn, which is when more hairs spread around the house and more careful care is required.

 Frequent cleaning of the dog helps It to remain in contact with dead hair as little as possible and ensures the owner continuous monitoring of the dog’s skin; in fact, it’s frequent that problems arise within the particular folds of the skin.

Do English Bulldogs bark a lot?

Although English Bulldogs are not “frequent barkers”, when this happens they certainly don’t go unnoticed.

That said, if left alone for too long, a Bulldog could develop unwanted behaviors including, perhaps, excessive barking (one of the ways an unhappy dog ​​expresses what he feels).

Keep in mind that English Bulldogs are known to suffer from separation anxiety.

Are English Bulldogs difficult to train?

Although adorable, English Bulldogs have a stubborn streak, which can make training them much more difficult. That is why they are better suited to people who know the breed well than to novice owners. The main reason is that a Bulldog could easily get the better of a novice owner, making it difficult for the owner to manage their canine companion.

Do English Bulldogs need a lot of exercise?

Bulldogs like to exercise regularly on a daily basis, but care must be taken during hot weather as they can easily overheat (remember that overheating can be fatal!) .

That said, they need to get enough exercise not to put on too much weight, bearing in mind that a Bulldog would turn into a “sack of potatoes” if not monitored; in addition, too much weight puts a strain on the heart and can drastically reduce a bully’s life.

Can English Bulldogs swim?

English Bulldogs cannot swim due to their body shape and the fact that they are very heavy. Most bulldogs sink like stones when in water, so they should never be left unattended. The other important aspect is that being a brachycephalic breed, they really have a lot of trouble breathing when they are in the water; this also puts them at risk of drowning.

How do English Bulldogs behave when surrounded by other dogs?

English Bulldogs, like other bulldog breeds, can show aggression towards dogs they have never met before, although they generally get along well they are tolerable towards dogs they already know. However, presentations must be done carefully to avoid any confrontation, which could end with an injured animal and very high veterinary costs. Another good idea is to keep the Bulldog on a leash if you take It for a walk in a park that is usually frequented by other dogs, just to be safe.

Are English Bulldogs good watchdogs?

English Bulldogs are impressive looking dogs though they are not known for being great barkers. However, they are excellent watchdogs, as they are great at letting their owners know that strangers are around or that something they don’t like is going on in their environment. English Bulldogs don’t need any training when it comes to protecting their families and property, because that’s something that is part of the breed’s instinct.

Maltese: Dog Breed Profile

Maltese

The Maltese is a small dog, calm and very intelligent who has a narrow and long trunk, small in size with a long silky white coat. It’s a very elegant little dog with a proud and distinguished head carriage.

The Bichon Maltais is an adorable companion dog, with a very fine coat that should be taken care of with the greatest delicacy. The maintenance of this canine is special. For the rest, Its education and Its diet are rather easy.

It’s a very pleasant dog to live with, attached to Its master, to children, and who loves cuddles. It’s lively and alert and possesses robust health.

Other names: Bichon Maltais, Maltese

History of the breed

The Maltese breed is very old and dates back to Antiquity. The famous Aristotle (384-322 BC) referred to a breed of small dogs that he called ” canes melitenses ” in his nomenclature of dogs existing at the time.

Its name could derive from the Phoenician “màlat” which means “refuge” or “port”, and whose semantic root is found in the Sicilian city of Melita. Indeed, the ancestors of these small dogs then lived on the periphery of the Central Mediterranean in the ports and on the ships, where they hunted the rats and mice which infested the port stores and the holds of the boats.

Physical features

  • Its coat: silky texture, without waviness, dense, shiny, and very long. It easily reaches 8 inches in length and can exceed the height of the withers.
  • Its color: pure white but it can sometimes pull on pale ivory.
  • Its head: rather large with a flat skull.
  • Its ears: triangular in shape and drooping. They are located high on the skull and well provided with hair.
  • Its eyes: small, rounded, and very dark.
  • Its body: has a narrow and long trunk, a little over 8 inches at the withers. The limbs are muscular with a robust bone structure.
  • Its tail: short and drooping.

Behavior With Others

The Maltese is a rather gentle dog and very adaptable. But like all dogs, good habits will need to be learned from the start. Many owners let themselves be overwhelmed by their Bichon Maltais quite simply because its small size does not make it “compulsory” to establish rules of life.

However, like all dogs, your Maltese will have to learn to manage Its frustration and Its need for spending will have to be met otherwise Its character may prove to be difficult.

The Maltese can be prone to excessive barking if it is not spent enough, if it suffers from separation anxiety or if the rules of life are not clear.

The Maltese can get along very well with children as long as they are respected and have the possibility of going in their basket to be quiet when they need it.

It can live with other animals but for this to happen, it will have to be positively and regularly socialized before its 3 months.

Education 

The Maltese must be educated as early as possible so that it cannot adopt bad habits: climbing on armchairs, being capricious, being a pot of glue. It loves cuddles more than anything and will not hesitate to climb onto Its master’s knees even without inviting It to do so.

In fact, it’s important to make this canine understand that these moments of caress are decided by Its master or Its adoptive family.

For the rest, It does not present any difficulty in education.

Living Conditions

The Maltese is a companion dog, its need for exercise is logically less important than a so-called “working” dog. However, a dog remains a dog, so it will be necessary to walk your Bichon Maltais every day for at least 30 minutes, even if you have a garden.

It can easily adapt to living in an apartment. Its small size and Its need for moderate expenditure make It a very adaptable dog.

Wearing a coat should be expected during winter and cooling strategies should be implemented during summer. The small body of the Bichon Maltese is sensitive to extreme temperatures, both hot and cold.

Health & Maintenance

Despite what its small size might suggest, the Bichon Maltais is a robust dog who very rarely gets sick. It can very occasionally develop a few problems such as eye infections or suffer from weakened teeth and gums.

Finally, It can also dislocate a kneecap. In addition, it does not like humidity and cold. It’s important to be careful during winter so that he does not catch a cold.

Among the genetic diseases of the Maltese, the breed is likely to be affected by:

  •  heart problems s such as patent ductus arteriosus and MVD
  •  diseases of the digestive sphere such as portosystemic shunt or pyloric stenosis which exposes it to chronic vomiting
  •  musculoskeletal disorders such as hernias or abnormality hindlimb called varus
  • various neurological conditions

The life expectancy of a Bichon Maltese is, on average, between 12 years and 15 years.

The Bichon Maltese’s fur is long and silky, so it requires careful and daily care. As it can exceed in length and height of the withers, it needs to be brushed every day with a suitable brush to untangle all knots.

This small dog is also subject to an annual moult which should be accompanied by a suitable diet, rich in vegetable fibers. To avoid infections, it’s also necessary to thoroughly cleanse the secretions that embarrass Its eyes, once a week.

Good hygiene prevents all infections that could complicate the life of the  Maltese. For this, it is recommended to show special attention to Its eyes, ears, and teeth.

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