Dogo Argentino: Dog Breed Profile

Dogo Argentino

The Dogo Argentino is a magnificent dog with Its white coat and Its proud and confident appearance. Formerly used to fight bulls and hunt wild boars or even pumas.

A hunting dog, it’s above all a great life companion for families. It’s gentle, affectionate, requires tenderness and presence. It’s faithful, loyal, and above all little barker. It’s an excellent protection dog. In addition, It does not require any particular maintenance, except to be often at Its side, because It does not support loneliness.

History of the breed

The Dogo Argentino comes straight from the region of Cordoba, Argentina. Thanks to doctor  Antonio Nores Martinez that this breed of dog was born. He was a surgeon in the first half of the 20th century.

He decided to cross a former Cordoba fighting dog (perro de pelea cordobès), which Itself came from a cross between Mastiffs, Bulldogs, and Bull Terriers. The dogs used for breeding were all completely white.

This drastic and precise selection allowed the doctor to create different lines. Thus, the Cordoba fighting dog was itself crossed with a German mastiff to sublimate the head, a Bordeaux mastiff, a Pointer, and a Boxer.

The Argentinian Mastiff standard was established in 1928. At first, it was used as a fighting dog. The doctor was convinced that it could be used during hunting parties. So in 1947, he took his best dogo to the Buenos Aires Hunters Club for a demonstration. A fine sense of smell, impressive muscles, and very good endurance convinced the most skeptics.

It arrived in Europe in the 1970s, first in Italy and then in France, where it became very popular. The  Fédération Cynologique Internationale recognized the breed on July 31,1973.

Physical features

  • Its hair : short and smooth.
  • Its color : entirely white with sometimes a few black spots around the eye.
  • Its head : it has a convex shaped skull, with jaws with extremely developed muscles, which gives it a powerful bite.
  • Its ears : high and drooping, they were once cut off, which is now prohibited.
  • Its eyes : dark, they oscillate between very dark black and hazelnut brown. They are wide apart and almond shaped.
  • Its body : massive and powerfully muscular, but harmonious;
  • Its tail : long, it falls to the hock: it becomes thinner as you approach its end.

Behavior With Others

The Argentinian Mastiff is endowed with an extremely rare psychological balance. It’s very smart. It’s very faithful and loyal to Its master whom It will defend from all possible dangers. It’s calm and not very barking.

It’s perfect for a family with children if it was used to being around them in Its youth. It will thus be a  perfect playmate. It’s courageous, pugnacious and will always be on the alert.

Thus, It’s excellent in the role of a protective dog. It’s endearing and needs tenderness and attention to be fulfilled. It loves the presence of other animals. It has a tendency to want to dominate Its fellows.

Be careful, Its imposing physique and the power of Its bite can make It a dangerous dog if placed in the wrong hands. It’s an excellent guard and defense dog.


Perfectly adapted to family life, the Argentinian Mastiff needs a careful and strict education. It easily complies with the rules imposed on It. They must be coherent and instilled with firmness, but not brutality.

It’s not recommended to stimulate Its aggressiveness. On the contrary, you have to curb Its enthusiasm. It may be more distant with strangers. As long as it has been socialized from an early age, it cohabits more easily with other animals.

The Dogo Argentino Puppies tend to be shy when they arrive in their new family. It’s important to make It social as soon as possible, especially with children. It must learn to play with them and feel their presence. The Dogo is a hound and, therefore, It can be stubborn.

It must feel completely safe in order to follow Its master’s orders to the letter. Getting help from a professional at a dog club can be a great idea in order to avoid making mistakes and to ensure good training.

Living Conditions

The Dogo Argentino adapts very easily to its environment, but it cannot live in an urban environment without a large garden and very frequent outings. It supports loneliness if It has been used to it, even if it’s contrary to Its temperament.

It needs a lot of physical activity. It lives as calmly in a house as It does outside, except during winter when it tends to get cold and snowy, providing it with a warm shelter is a must. The apartment living is not necessarily recommended unless it can be released several times a day.

Health & Maintenance

The Argentine Mastiff is a rustic dog, rigorously selected and which is the subject of numerous crosses to avoid inbreeding. The puppy should be watched carefully until adulthood to prevent possible developmental problems. Adapted to harsh conditions, hardy, and blessed with excellent genetic diversity, this breed presents few health problems.

As in other breeds of dogs, the white color is due to a gene responsible for a predisposition to deafness, neither rare nor frequent, normally detected from the age of 3 months (check with the breeder). Finally, because of fairly fine hair, too long exposure to a scorching sun can cause it to heat up.

The life expectancy of an Argentinian Mastiff is, on average, between 12 years and 14 years.

Its maintenance is very easy. It is an outdoor dog that has few needs, apart from a demanding food intake during growth. Its energetic and playful temperament is then coupled with an exceptional muscular development.

Weekly brushing is enough, possibly a bath every 4 to 6 months. The length of the coat may vary depending on the climate. In temperate zones, it is longer, with a possible undercoat which requires more frequent brushing.

The diet of the Argentinian Dogo should be carefully monitored, especially at the beginning of Its life. It grows quickly and must have a  diet adapted to Its morphological change. Indeed, a poor diet has repercussions on the Dogo’s articular or muscular problems.

Kibble especially appropriate to the weight of Dogo can be found in specialty stores. Do not hesitate to ask for advice on the ratios to feed It.

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Boxer: Dog Breed Profile

boxer dog

A medium-sized dog, the Boxer nevertheless remains a robust dog with a powerful frame. The general appearance is neither heavy nor clumsy. The Boxer is a dog that rarely lives more than 10 years.

It’s a perfect dog for children, with whom It will play without stopping. It loves to be cuddled. Gentle, docile, and intelligent, the Boxer sits up with ease, although professional help is recommended.

History of the breed

The Boxer is the result of a genetic cross between two species. From the 19th century, we were able to witness the birth of a new crossed species between the English Bulldog and the Brabant Bull Dog, or “Bullenbeisser”.

The Boxer comes from Germany where it was presented for the first time in Munich in 1895 and where its success was immediate. A descendant of a breed of dog called the Bullenbeisser which was used for hunting, the Boxer is one of the most popular Molossoids today.

Physical features

  • Its coat: short, smooth and with excellent grip all over the body.
  • Its color: fawn or brindle, with a maximum of a third of white. Shades of the fawn color can vary, with red fawn being the most notable mid-tone.
  • Its head: ideally proportioned to the rest of the body. The muzzle is generally broad and powerful, and the relationship between the muzzle and the skull is mostly harmonious. The skull is ideally narrow and “cubic” in appearance.
  • Its ears: are set high on the skull and are cut to a point, or left whole. In the latter case, the ears fall forward, forming a slight fold.
  • Its eyes: dark brown in color, they are neither too small, nor globular, nor sunken. The dog’s gaze reflects his alert and intelligent character, without appearing threatening. The contours of the eyelids are usually dark in color.
  • Its body: massive and square, the trunk resting on strong and straight limbs. The withers are marked. The back and loins are short, broad, and muscular.
  • Its tail: normal length and left natural. It is tied up rather high than low.

Behavior With Others

The Boxer is a playful dog, but can also be a guardian. A bit brusque by nature, this breed of dog can also be gentle and adapted to family life. Capable of a lot of complicity with Its master, It will nevertheless require an effort concerning Its education.


If one wants to obtain correct behavior on a daily basis, it is advisable to ideally choose a puppy and to educate it from the beginning. the  Boxer is not necessarily easy to train for someone who has never had to deal with such a breed, the Boxer can however reveal all Its abilities in the hands of an expert behaviorist.

The animal naturally fulfills the functions of guardian, especially with children. A balanced and adapted education above all will be the key to success.

Living Conditions

The Boxer is an outdoor dog who can sleep in a suitable shelter during the winter, but It will certainly prefer to live with Its masters inside the house, due to Its sociable character. In a house, the male tends to drool a little, the female a bit less.

However, It must avoid areas that are too hot,  as excessively high temperatures can cause serious respiratory problems.

Health & Maintenance

The Boxer’s life expectancy is 10 years on average. The short muzzle of the species possibly poses respiratory problems, especially in cases of excessive heat. It’s therefore advisable never to leave the animal in direct sunlight when it is hot.

Like all medium to large-sized dogs, the Boxer can be prone to heart problems and can suffer from hip dysplasia as well.

During Its life, It may also have hip dysplasia, as an aortic stenosis. Lastly, this breed of dog can experience some stomach twists. It is therefore important to ensure that It remains calm before and after each meal.

The life expectancy of a Boxer is, on average, between 10 years and 12 years.

The animal loses its hair but it is possible to reduce this loss by brushing the animal at least twice a week, for example using a rubber glove. To make it shine, it is recommended to apply a chamois after grooming.

The Boxer does not require special maintenance. Remember to brush and wash it from time to time, if necessary with a nourishing shampoo once or twice a year. Do not hesitate to take It out every day as much as possible, because the  Boxer is an animal that needs exercise.

Finally, it is advisable to check the condition of  Its eyes and ears from time to time.

Before Its 4 months, the Boxer must eat 4 meals a day to support its development. Afterward, Its daily ratio can be divided into 2 (morning and evening). It’s satisfied with a diet based on high-quality kibble.

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Shiba Inu: Dog Breed Profile


The Shiba Inu is a dog native to Asia and like many primitive dog breeds, they are elegant, independent, and energetic dogs. The Shiba Inu must be educated quickly in order to limit Its hunting instinct and avoid recall problems in particular.

Small, but well proportioned, It has a strong personality. Despite its independent character, It’s very loyal and protective. It’s not the most cuddly of dogs but has many qualities that will delight young and old.

History of the breed

The Shiba Inu is a Japanese breed that has been established for thousands of years. In the years 1898-1912, breeds such as English Pointers and Setters were brought to Japan for hunting. Its name “Shiba” means something small, like a small dog. It once lived in the Japanese mountains facing the sea and was used by humans in hunting games.

As a result of crossbreeding, the pure breed of Shiba Inu began to disappear. Thanks to enthusiasts, worried about this extinction, a breed standard was established in 1934. For this, they looked for dogs not affected by crossbreeding in the remote mountainous regions of Japan.

In December 1936, the Japanese government declared the Shiba Inu “ natural monument ” and “ native animal of Japan ”. Originally a small game and bird hunting dog, it is now more of a companion dog.

Physical features

  • Its coat: is hard and very rough and the undercoat softer and very dense.
  • Its color: different dresses are accepted such as red, black or red sesame and black and tan. Sesame means very black hairs are mixed with the rest of the hairs, especially on the back. Cream and white or pinto (white over 50% of the body with asymmetrical markings) Shiba Inu are found, but they are not part of the breed standards.
  • Its head: sports a skull with a broad forehead and a rather thick muzzle which decreases in width towards the front. The truffle is black.
  • Its ears: quite small and triangular in shape, they are well erected and tilted forward.
  • Its body :is strong with a straight back. The muscles are well developed, but the general pace remains light.
  • Its tail: is thick. It is carried upright upwards and rolled up on itself inwards.

Behavior With Others

The Shiba Inu is a fearful dog, but very protective. It has a reputation for not being very affectionate, but it really depends on how It’s been raised. On the other hand, It’s always very faithful.

It’s a very alert and attentive animal. Quite domineering, It does not always get along with other males. Nevertheless, It greatly appreciates the presence of Its master, even if It also likes Its independence and some moment of solitude. It’s very playful, especially with children.


The education of the Shiba Inu, although it can begin at any age, should start young. The predatory instinct should be limited and the recall should be an exercise to be implemented soon after adoption. Meetings with other dogs are also very important in order to allow him to exercise and so that he maintains his sociability with his congeners.

The Shiba Inu is a dog that can have an assertive temperament, Its education must therefore be gentle but consistent and a certain firmness (not to be confused with brutality) may be necessary for Its balance.

If you adopt a Shiba Inu as your first dog, the help and advice of a professional dog trainer can be a real asset to get you off to a good start.

Education must remain positive to build dog confidence. Learning to recall follows the same rules of positive rewards. It will also be necessary, very young, to socialize it with children, babies, and other animals.

Living Conditions

This dog can live in an apartment as long as it is taken out very often. Several walks per day are necessary. A house with a garden will suit It perfectly, but it should not be exempt from a few outings.

It is a dog ideally made for life in the country or in a house with a garden, in which it can stroll, run and flourish.

Be careful, this breed of dog can have a fairly developed hunting instinct, so it will not be possible to detach it everywhere.

Health & Maintenance

The Shiba Inu does not pose any particular health problems. It’s a hardy breed that rarely gets sick and is not affected by serious genetic diseases. It’s even a dog that ages well. If properly monitored by the veterinarian for vaccines, dewormers, and usual care, the Shiba Inu will live quite old.

The male Shiba, however, has more worries than the female since Its mouth area can be infected. Some digestive concerns should be noted as well as minor allergies.

The life expectancy of a Shiba-Inu is, on average, between 12 years and 15 years.

The Shiba Inu sheds its covering hairs a little all year round. However, it is subject to 2 main moulting periods: in spring and in autumn. During this period, the undercoat falls in bundles

On the other hand, its hair is self-cleaning. If it gets dirty, just let it dry in the shelter and the dust will fall to the ground by itself. Its dress, however, requires regular brushing to allow it to keep its shine and beauty.

The Shiba Inu does not need frequent baths. One or two a year is enough because it’s clean and its coat is not smelly. It must be brushed with a card daily during the moulting period.

You can brush it against the grain to give its fur more volume. It will be necessary to check the state of Its teethIts mouth in order to avoid any development of infections to which Its subject.

The diet of the Shiba must be based on so-called traditional food, that is to say, based on high-end kibble. These can only be found in pet stores or specialized stores. It is important to check that the daily ratio is in line with the energy expenditure of this dog who could become overweight if it were overfed.

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Bernese Mountain Dog: Dog Breed Profile

Bernese Mountain Dog

The Bernese Mountain Dog, this magnificent dog from Switzerland, will surely make you fall in love with Its long hair and Its big teddy bear looks. These dogs, mainly adopted as companion dogs, are nonetheless dogs that will need education from an early age in order, to learn not to pull on a leash.

A good guard dog, it will also be essential to socialize it as much as possible during the first part of its life in order to avoid problems of fear or aggression.

Other names: Bouvier de Berne, Dürrbächler, Bernese Mountain Dog, Berner Sennenhund

History of the breed

The Bernese Mountain Dog comes from Switzerland, and more precisely from a canton located in Bern named Dürrbachler, which gave the first name to this breed of dog, it gets its current name thanks to Professor Heim in 1913.

The Bernese Mountain Dog was mainly used as a guard, draft, and herd dog. It was in the 1900s that the Bernese Mountain Dog spread to all of Switzerland and mainly southern Germany. Today this dog is very popular, especially as a family dog.

Physical features

  • Its hair: is long, shiny, and smooth or slightly wavy.
  • Its color: tricolor (black, white, red) with a black dress. The plastron is white in the shape of a Swiss cross. The tips of the legs are white and a white line crosses the forehead, between the eyes, and over the muzzle. Reddish spots called lozenges are placed above the eyes and reddish-brown appears on the paws and cheeks.
  • Its head: is short and massive, powerful, its nose is black and the skull is slightly rounded in profile.
  • Its ears: are drooping, triangular, and rounded at the end.
  • Its eyes: dark brown, almond-shaped show a lively gaze.
  • Its body:is powerful, harmonious, and well-proportioned. The members are powerful. It is more compact than elongated and longer than high.
  • Its tail: black, bushy, low in the rest position, must rise to the height of the back or just above.

Behavior With Others

The Bernese Mountain Dog is originally a watchdog, so it can be wary of strangers, especially if it has been poorly socialized during the first part of its life. Along the same lines, the Bernese Mountain Dog is a dog that can tend to bark.

In any case, Its guard instinct should not be voluntarily strengthened at the risk of triggering aggressive behavior. Finally, it will be essential to socialize It correctly from the moment of adoption by giving It diverse and positive experiences.

In constant search for affection and presence, It’s quite clingy. Thus, it is an ideal companion for children, as well as for the elderly


As with all dog breeds, it is recommended that you begin your education upon adoption in order to avoid the development of bad habits. The Bernese Mountain Dog is a dog that will become imposing, it will therefore be essential to practice walking on a leash quickly.

 In terms of Its education, it will also be interesting to teach It to become aware of Its size in order to allow It to be more attentive when traveling and thus avoid jostling and other inconveniences of this type.

In addition, some Bernese Mountain Dogs can be sensitive while growing up or conversely too excited. It will therefore be essential to adapt to the specificities of your dog and to teach It to calm down or conversely to gain self-confidence. Positive reinforcement learning should be valued.

In addition, the Bernese Mountain Dog can be very (even too) close to Its master. Work on detachment and on the (positive) learning of loneliness will therefore have to be implemented very young. Finally, it will be recommended to accustom your very young dog to the various manipulations, such as cleaning the ears and brushing.

Living Conditions

For the Bernese Mountain Dog, the important thing is to stay with its owners, regardless of where they live. It could therefore live in an apartment, but It prefers to live in accommodation with a garden available.

It will be able to let off steam and have fun. It’s a dog who has a hard time supporting the changes of its owner. In a home, It tends to stay calm and relaxed.

Health & Maintenance

The Bernese Mountain Dog is a fairly robust dog. Like all large breeds, It’s affected by hip dysplasia and the risk of stomach twisting. Thus, it is important not to make It exercise before and after meals.


The Bernese Mountain Dog can be prone to dysplasia problems. Often, an adapted diet throughout Its life, regular physical activity, and increased vigilance during Its growth can limit the risks of dysplasia. The elbow, hip or shoulder can be affected.


Less than 10% of Bernese Mountain Dogs would be affected by cancer that can appear mainly from the age of 6.

Stomach dilation and torsion syndrome

Like all large dogs, the Bernese Mountain Dog is, unfortunately, no exception and can be prone to stomach upset. To limit the risks, Its meal can be divided into two times during the day, once the growth is complete.

And it will be important not to physically expend your dog 1 to 2 hours after Its meal. Reversal of the stomach is an absolute emergency that can lead to the death of the dog within hours if not taken care of quickly! The vet will then need to perform surgery to save the dog whose stomach has turned. This procedure can be very expensive in the absence of good dog health insurance.

Eyelid abnormality

Also called entropion, it’s an inward reversal of the eyelid to which the Bernese Mountain Dog may be predisposed.

The life expectancy of a Bernese Mountain Dog is, on average, between 7 years and 9 years.

After a walk, it is not necessary to brush or wash it. The dirt on its hair will fall off on its own after a few minutes if the dog stays dry. Like all other dogs, care should be taken to clean their ears regularly. Brushing should be weekly.

The  Bernese Mountain Dog moult is constant but is accentuated in spring and autumn. During these periods, do not hesitate to  increase the frequency of brushing

A minimum bath per year is sufficient for its maintenance and to preserve its magnificent coat. The passage in the bathtub can be more periodic (every 3 months or more), but the Bernese Mountain Dog has the particularity of having a self-cleaning hair.

Brush Its teeth 2-3 times a week to prevent bad breath and tartar buildup, and trim Its nails once a month.

As often industrial brands can offer food adapted to the size, weight, and even the age of the Bernese Mountain Dog. The quality of the croquettes varies according to the brands and is distinguished in 3 categories: ” Discount “, ” Premium ” or ” Super Premium “. It is better to favor at least the so-called ” Premium “ brands of kibble and beyond.

In terms of quantities, it is generally recommended to offer a Bernese Mountain Dog 570 grams of kibble per day. This ratio must be divided into 2 daily meals. Of course, everything depends on the quality of the kibble. It is therefore important to follow the directions on the package, depending on your dog’s metabolism.

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Pitbull: Dog Breed Profile

Pit bull

The Pitbull is a dog whose character is often controversial, It sports a body with strong musculature. The Pitbull is actually an almost perfect dog for families with children, only if it’s adopted at a very early age.

With a good education, its aggressiveness will be erased and it will then present qualities of gentleness, calm, and loyalty. It does not present any disease and is rather easy to maintain. A very good choice even if each outing in public must be accompanied by a muzzle and a leash.

Other name: American Pit Bull Terrier

History of the breed

The American Pitbull terrier would be born from a cross between bulldogs and terriers at the beginning of the 19th century in England in particular. At that time, this breed of dog had to face bulls or bears in arenas.

In the United States, the pitbull terrier has also been widely used for dogfighting. It wasn’t until these dogfights were banned that the American pitbull terrier became a domesticated dog and popular as a companion dog.

Physical features

  • Its hair: very short, it is perfectly smooth.
  • Its color: we find it with a fawn, white, black, brown, red or other colors. These may or may not be united, depending on the dog.
  • Its head: the shape depends on the angle of view. From the front, it appears round while seen from above it seems conical.
  • Its ears: they are similar to semi-erect, very straight roses.
  • Its eyes: round in shape, they are solid in color.
  • Its body: it is very short, but all in muscles.
  • Its tail: compared to the body, it is quite short.

Behavior With Others

In view of its history, the pitbull remains a dog with a strong and marked character. They are not mean or dangerous dogs, but they are dynamic and self-confident dogs. Its education and socialization must therefore be adapted and rigorous. In addition, the American pitbull terrier will require a responsible and experienced master.


It’s an easy breed of dog to train if the owner is aware and responsible for his/her dog. It will be necessary to find the right balance between rigor and gentleness. You should never be violent or brutal, however, a certain consistency will be essential to its good balance.

Finally, it is a very energetic and dynamic dog, it will therefore be necessary to respond correctly to its needs, otherwise, its education will not be possible.

Living Conditions

The Pitbull is not a “killer”, but a dog that overflows with energy and needs to exercise. It can’t stand being in confined spaces for too long. A country garden or a large courtyard would allow It to stretch Its legs.

Otherwise, one or more daily walks are necessary. In the countryside or in the city, the Pitbull must be muzzled and kept on a leash during each outing in public.

Health & Maintenance

The Pitbull has very good health. it rarely gets sick. It has no genetic pathology. However, due to a very short coat, it is particularly sensitive to heat and the cold. It will therefore be necessary to not to take it out during winter and to avoid the sun rays in summer. The Pitbull can be prone to various illnesses such as  allergies and dermatitis

The life expectancy of a Pitbull is, on average, between 11 years and 13 years.

The Pitbull does not require any special attention compared to its congeners. It requires little grooming. Check their skin regularly for any skin conditions. Weekly brushing is more than enough for this dog who loses little hair.

Occasionally, a rubber brush will suffice to remove dead hair. it is advisable to check the condition of the Pitbull’s eyes as well as its teeth. Do not hesitate to brush it off if tartar settles on it.

The Pitbull can eat a bit of anything. Whether it is high-quality croquettes available in specialty stores or human food based on meat, starches, and fresh vegetables. Do not hesitate to add a little olive oil for example, which adds vitamins and minerals essential to its development.

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