Jack Russell Terrier: Dog Breed Profile

Jack russell terrier

The Jack Russell Terrier is a robust, very active dog with a strong personality. It has an elastic body, of medium height.  This energetic hound dog breed needs to be exercised well enough to thrive.

History of the breed

The Parson Russel Terrier was created by Pastor John Jack Russel in the 19th century, to whom we also owe the Jack Russel. An English pastor who was passionate about hunting and known as a breeder of Fox Terriers.

His goal was to find a dog capable of running fast, but also to go underground to dislodge foxes and prey in burrows Since the second world war. The Parson Russel Terrier has knows a growing success since then. The breed was provisionally recognized by the FCI in 1990.

Physical features

  • Its coat: can be of 2 different textures (soft or hard), but it remains short enough and made to withstand bad weather.
  • Its color: mostly white with black or tan spots. The tawny spots can range from light to dark.
    Its head has a flat skull of moderate width. The latter decreases in width the more we go down towards the eyes and the muzzle.
  • Its ears: V-shaped fall towards the front of the head. They are usually chestnut-colored, but they can also be white or spotted.
  • Its eyes: small, dark, and almond-shaped.
  • Its body: slightly longer than high. His neck is well pronounced as his chest remains muscular. Its silhouette recalls that of the Fox Terrier.
  • Its tail: drooping when the dog is at rest, but it must be trained when it is having fun or if it’s excited.

Behavior With Others

Unlike the Jack Russel which is popular as a companion dog, the Parson Russel Terrier is mainly used as a hunting dog.

Cohabitation with other dogs can be problematic. When hunting, it’s appreciated for its vigor, its capacity for work, and its tenacity. It’s very intelligent, this dog will be educated without any particular difficulty. A minimum of firmness will however be necessary. Despite a hunting instinct, It loves family life. It’s also a good playmate for children.

Education 

With the Jack Russell Terrier, priority should be given to education. Its activity often makes It not very attentive in the long term. It’s therefore advisable to stimulate Its attention by games or short orders but each time synonymous with reward.

Thus, It will learn easily. Care must be taken to be firm without neglecting the gentleness that will appeal to this dog.

Living Conditions

The Jack Russell Terrier is not really made to live in the city although they adapt easily to it. However, Its character is not compatible with life as a solitary cloistered in an apartment.

Its ideal place to live remains a house in the countryside with a garden so that It can walk around and exercise.

Health & Maintenance

This robust dog, unfortunately, suffers from some hereditary diseases sometimes due to inbreeding. It’s important to choose it well, as some specimens remain subject to hyperactivity with behavior that is difficult to control.

Like all small breed dogs, care should be taken to control their teeth, which are often too large for their small jaw. It remains sensitive to the formation of tartar in particular.

This breed is susceptible to:

  • Hereditary spinocerebellar ataxia which results in degeneration of nerve cells. It appears between the 2 and 9th month of life of the puppy. The symptoms are reflected in particular by epileptic seizures , and balance disorders. There is no cure.
  • Dislocation of the lens.

The life expectancy of a Jack Russell Terrier is, on average, between 13 years and 16 years.

The Jack Russell Terrier remains subject to permanent molting with stronger periods in the fall and spring. This is explained by the absence of an undercoat and that is why this dog is losing Its hair abundantly.

It’s recommended to brush the dog with a brush or a rubber glove. Do not wash the dog too often, approximately every 4 months for those living in the city and when it gets really dirty in the countryside.

The diet of the Jack Russell Terrier should be adapted to Its lifestyle. This canine is easily satisfied with an industrial diet based on high-quality pates or croquettes

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English Bulldog: Dog Breed Profile

English bulldog

The English Bulldog, or more simply Bulldog, is originally from Great Britain. The term “bull” in the name comes from the use of these dogs in bull-baiting, a somewhat bloody activity officially declared illegal in England in the mid-19th century.

The Bulldog is a majestic dog, but at the same time very friendly and an excellent life partner. Despite Its stocky physique and impressive qualities, the Bulldog is an extremely gentle dog and is particularly protective of Its family members.

It’s very affable towards children and generally never appears violent or aggressive. Bulldogs also make excellent watchdogs, although they can still be somewhat stubborn and resolute. Early socialization and constant training can also help them overcome certain behavioral problems.

The History of the English Bulldog

Unfortunately, the history of the English Bulldog is quite bloody. This breed originated between the 16th and 17th centuries and was “created” precisely for bull-baiting, a “sport”, if you can define it that way, rather violent that saw the fight to the death between a dog and a bull.

The original Bulldog specimens had to be fierce, powerful, and courageous in order to survive. For these dogs, therefore, no attention was paid to conformation, temperament, beauty, and physical proportions as for many other dogs. They are dogs bred to be wild, violent, aggressive, and nearly immune to physical pain.

The unusual jaw of Bulldogs shorter than the mandible and characterized by the fact that the lower part protrudes slightly from the upper, as well as being moderately turned upwards, undoubtedly derives from those terrible days in which these dogs, engaged in the fight against a bull, thanks to these peculiarities they could firmly grasp the bull and not let go until the end.

It was certainly not the best time to establish a good man-dog relationship. Clandestine dogfighting in so-called “pits” became very popular when the bull-baiting was declared illegal and was no longer practiced.

In 1885, fighting between bulls and dogs became illegal in England. Despite the fact that this could have led to rapid extinction of the Bulldogs, a number of animal enthusiasts and lovers have tried to keep this breed alive and avoid extinction by preserving and promoting mainly its positive rather than negative qualities.

Within a very few generations, the English Bulldog became one of the best dog breeds both for physical qualities and temperament, especially after it had been possible to completely eliminate the original violent nature of these dogs. The result is the modern, docile, friendly English Bulldog that adapts to any situation. This dog can live anywhere, loves children, It’s very affectionate and loyal and it is also quite easy to take care of It. To date, the Bulldog is probably one of the kindest and most affectionate breeds in the world.

english-bulldog

Physical characteristics and health problems of the English Bulldog

The average life span of a Bulldog is around 8-12 years. Due to the large size of the skull, disproportionate to the rest of the body, most female Bulldogs are unable to cope with natural birth. Because of this, Caesarean deliveries are quite common in this breed and are usually scheduled well in advance. Other possible health problems, or other information to know about this breed, include:

  • Eye problems: problems or pathologies of the eyes and/or related to the visual abilities of the dog
  • Deafness: defined as the complete or partial lack or loss of hearing.
  • Cancer (various forms): understood as any malignant tumor
  • Hip dysplasia: involves abnormal development and/or degeneration of the hip (or coxo-femoral) joint
  • Cryptorchidism: failure of one or both testicles to descend into the scrotal sac
  • Defect of the ventricular septum
  • Aortic stenosis
  • Heatstroke (hypertermination)
  • Pulmonary stenosis
  • Demodicosis in a generalized form
  • Follicular dysplasia
  • Cleft palate
  • Anconeus process of the ulna
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Emivertebre
  • Spina bifida
  • Genetic dwarfism (achondroplasia)
  • Ectopic ureter
  • Calculosis of the urinary tract, or urolithiasis
  • Tracheal hypoplasia
  • Dystocia
  • Upper airway brachycephalic syndrome

Personality of the English Bulldog

When you look at an English Bulldog’s short and slightly pouty muzzle, you certainly can’t imagine this sweet little dog being able to bring a bull to its knees and succumb, although that is precisely why this breed was originally bred for.

English butchers in the Middle Ages used Bulldogs to capture and kill bulls destined for slaughter. Their short face and powerful jaw were essential for the dog to latch onto a bull’s neck and, without ever letting go, bring him to his knees, literally.

Nowadays, however, the Bulldog is more reputed to be a true lover of belly scratches and cuddles than a herculean fighter and hunter. Bulldogs are dogs that love to play, very affectionate and loyal. Excellent with children, they are quite affable and undeniably have the patience of a saint especially with those children who, playing with them, want to hug them or even ” ride ” them.

They are one of the most affectionate and quiet breeds in the world, as well as being very little nervous or irritable like dogs. Although puppies are full of energy and real earthquakes, adult Bulldogs are particularly calm and prefer a nice afternoon nap on the sofa to a long walk in the park.

english-bulldog

Bulldog Exercise

Bulldogs do not need to do intense physical activity, in fact, they should not do excessive physical exercise especially in the hottest periods of the year. Despite their love of relaxation and the couch, Bulldogs still need to take daily walks so that they can always maintain perfect physical shape, as they are easily prone to obesity and overweight.

A Bulldog can be perfectly happy and comfortable in an apartment or condominium as well as in a house with a large garden. They are animals that adapt very easily, quiet and very little active when they are at home, so the size of your home will never be a problem for a Bulldog, provided of course that they have a nice place to nappy in peace.

Bulldog Training

Bulldogs are somewhat stubborn so it can be particularly difficult to train them. Tasty Rewards and positive reinforcement are the only two methods that could work with this breed, as using a heavy hand will certainly never get you anywhere with a Bulldog.

english-bulldog

Bulldogs Behavior

Despite the fact that they are generally quiet and easygoing dogs, Bulldogs have a serious behavioral problem: a somewhat aggressive attitude when it comes to food and what is in their bowl. These dogs love to eat, so it is recommended that no one gets in the way of a Bulldog and Its food.

You should therefore teach your children to stay away from the dog’s bowl, and if you have other pets in the house, feed them in areas of the house other than where your Bulldog’s bowl is.

Aggression in these dogs could also be a problem. Grown-up with another dog, Bulldogs shouldn’t present any problems, although males tend to be a little more aggressive as adults, especially towards other males. Bulldogs should therefore be socialized very early so that they quickly get used to spending time with other dogs.

If you are not a fan of dogs that snore, grunt, drool, and suffer from flatulence then the Bulldog is certainly not the dog for you. These dogs in fact have all the aforementioned traits, and even in excessive quantities.

English Bulldogs: frequently asked questions

Is the English Bulldog suitable for families?

English bulldogs are known for their gentle, patient, and tolerant personalities. They thrive in the family environment and love to be involved in everything the family does. They are extremely people-oriented, loyal, and devoted to their owners. They are also friendly tawards children and enjoy their company.

Why is the English Bulldog so expensive?

English Bulldogs are not only one of the most popular dog breeds in America (and other countries around the world as well), but they are also very fun animals to share a home with. Due to their popularity, a puppy with a good pedigree can cost a lot of money.

 Also, know that very few puppies are born naturally because the size of their head makes giving birth risky for both the mother and the puppies. On the contrary, puppies are born by C-section; this aspect further increases their cost.

Do all English Bulldogs have health problems?

English Bulldogs are prone to suffering from health problems. More serious problems can involve the heart, bones, or breathing. Thanks to their body structure, they are very predisposed to suffer from hip dysplasia.

Other problems that can affect a bulldog can be: eye problems, allergies, and even serious skin problems, due to the folds that form around the face, on the body, and in particular on the dog’s tail.

Being a brachycephalic breed, they are also known to suffer from dental problems. It often happens that some puppies are born with a cleft lip. Another real problem with Bulldogs is that they are extremely heat intolerant and overheat easily which can prove fatal for them.

How long do English Bulldogs live?

English Bulldogs can live anywhere from 8 to 10 years, although the average lifespan is around 8.5 years due to all the health problems they can suffer from.

In 2013, a survey by veterinary surgery was conducted about the lifespan of a Bulldog; the breed council establishes that the average life span of a Bulldog is between 8 and 10 years, if however properly cared for and fed with an appropriate and varied diet according to the different stages of its life.

Do English Bulldogs shed a lot?

English Bulldogs shed moderately throughout the year. The most intense periods occur in spring and autumn, which is when more hairs spread around the house and more careful care is required.

 Frequent cleaning of the dog helps It to remain in contact with dead hair as little as possible and ensures the owner continuous monitoring of the dog’s skin; in fact, it’s frequent that problems arise within the particular folds of the skin.

Do English Bulldogs bark a lot?

Although English Bulldogs are not “frequent barkers”, when this happens they certainly don’t go unnoticed.

That said, if left alone for too long, a Bulldog could develop unwanted behaviors including, perhaps, excessive barking (one of the ways an unhappy dog ​​expresses what he feels).

Keep in mind that English Bulldogs are known to suffer from separation anxiety.

Are English Bulldogs difficult to train?

Although adorable, English Bulldogs have a stubborn streak, which can make training them much more difficult. That is why they are better suited to people who know the breed well than to novice owners. The main reason is that a Bulldog could easily get the better of a novice owner, making it difficult for the owner to manage their canine companion.

Do English Bulldogs need a lot of exercise?

Bulldogs like to exercise regularly on a daily basis, but care must be taken during hot weather as they can easily overheat (remember that overheating can be fatal!) .

That said, they need to get enough exercise not to put on too much weight, bearing in mind that a Bulldog would turn into a “sack of potatoes” if not monitored; in addition, too much weight puts a strain on the heart and can drastically reduce a bully’s life.

Can English Bulldogs swim?

English Bulldogs cannot swim due to their body shape and the fact that they are very heavy. Most bulldogs sink like stones when in water, so they should never be left unattended. The other important aspect is that being a brachycephalic breed, they really have a lot of trouble breathing when they are in the water; this also puts them at risk of drowning.

How do English Bulldogs behave when surrounded by other dogs?

English Bulldogs, like other bulldog breeds, can show aggression towards dogs they have never met before, although they generally get along well they are tolerable towards dogs they already know. However, presentations must be done carefully to avoid any confrontation, which could end with an injured animal and very high veterinary costs. Another good idea is to keep the Bulldog on a leash if you take It for a walk in a park that is usually frequented by other dogs, just to be safe.

Are English Bulldogs good watchdogs?

English Bulldogs are impressive looking dogs though they are not known for being great barkers. However, they are excellent watchdogs, as they are great at letting their owners know that strangers are around or that something they don’t like is going on in their environment. English Bulldogs don’t need any training when it comes to protecting their families and property, because that’s something that is part of the breed’s instinct.

Maltese: Dog Breed Profile

Maltese

The Maltese is a small dog, calm and very intelligent who has a narrow and long trunk, small in size with a long silky white coat. It’s a very elegant little dog with a proud and distinguished head carriage.

The Bichon Maltais is an adorable companion dog, with a very fine coat that should be taken care of with the greatest delicacy. The maintenance of this canine is special. For the rest, Its education and Its diet are rather easy.

It’s a very pleasant dog to live with, attached to Its master, to children, and who loves cuddles. It’s lively and alert and possesses robust health.

Other names: Bichon Maltais, Maltese

History of the breed

The Maltese breed is very old and dates back to Antiquity. The famous Aristotle (384-322 BC) referred to a breed of small dogs that he called ” canes melitenses ” in his nomenclature of dogs existing at the time.

Its name could derive from the Phoenician “màlat” which means “refuge” or “port”, and whose semantic root is found in the Sicilian city of Melita. Indeed, the ancestors of these small dogs then lived on the periphery of the Central Mediterranean in the ports and on the ships, where they hunted the rats and mice which infested the port stores and the holds of the boats.

Physical features

  • Its coat: silky texture, without waviness, dense, shiny, and very long. It easily reaches 8 inches in length and can exceed the height of the withers.
  • Its color: pure white but it can sometimes pull on pale ivory.
  • Its head: rather large with a flat skull.
  • Its ears: triangular in shape and drooping. They are located high on the skull and well provided with hair.
  • Its eyes: small, rounded, and very dark.
  • Its body: has a narrow and long trunk, a little over 8 inches at the withers. The limbs are muscular with a robust bone structure.
  • Its tail: short and drooping.

Behavior With Others

The Maltese is a rather gentle dog and very adaptable. But like all dogs, good habits will need to be learned from the start. Many owners let themselves be overwhelmed by their Bichon Maltais quite simply because its small size does not make it “compulsory” to establish rules of life.

However, like all dogs, your Maltese will have to learn to manage Its frustration and Its need for spending will have to be met otherwise Its character may prove to be difficult.

The Maltese can be prone to excessive barking if it is not spent enough, if it suffers from separation anxiety or if the rules of life are not clear.

The Maltese can get along very well with children as long as they are respected and have the possibility of going in their basket to be quiet when they need it.

It can live with other animals but for this to happen, it will have to be positively and regularly socialized before its 3 months.

Education 

The Maltese must be educated as early as possible so that it cannot adopt bad habits: climbing on armchairs, being capricious, being a pot of glue. It loves cuddles more than anything and will not hesitate to climb onto Its master’s knees even without inviting It to do so.

In fact, it’s important to make this canine understand that these moments of caress are decided by Its master or Its adoptive family.

For the rest, It does not present any difficulty in education.

Living Conditions

The Maltese is a companion dog, its need for exercise is logically less important than a so-called “working” dog. However, a dog remains a dog, so it will be necessary to walk your Bichon Maltais every day for at least 30 minutes, even if you have a garden.

It can easily adapt to living in an apartment. Its small size and Its need for moderate expenditure make It a very adaptable dog.

Wearing a coat should be expected during winter and cooling strategies should be implemented during summer. The small body of the Bichon Maltese is sensitive to extreme temperatures, both hot and cold.

Health & Maintenance

Despite what its small size might suggest, the Bichon Maltais is a robust dog who very rarely gets sick. It can very occasionally develop a few problems such as eye infections or suffer from weakened teeth and gums.

Finally, It can also dislocate a kneecap. In addition, it does not like humidity and cold. It’s important to be careful during winter so that he does not catch a cold.

Among the genetic diseases of the Maltese, the breed is likely to be affected by:

  •  heart problems s such as patent ductus arteriosus and MVD
  •  diseases of the digestive sphere such as portosystemic shunt or pyloric stenosis which exposes it to chronic vomiting
  •  musculoskeletal disorders such as hernias or abnormality hindlimb called varus
  • various neurological conditions

The life expectancy of a Bichon Maltese is, on average, between 12 years and 15 years.

The Bichon Maltese’s fur is long and silky, so it requires careful and daily care. As it can exceed in length and height of the withers, it needs to be brushed every day with a suitable brush to untangle all knots.

This small dog is also subject to an annual moult which should be accompanied by a suitable diet, rich in vegetable fibers. To avoid infections, it’s also necessary to thoroughly cleanse the secretions that embarrass Its eyes, once a week.

Good hygiene prevents all infections that could complicate the life of the  Maltese. For this, it is recommended to show special attention to Its eyes, ears, and teeth.

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Chihuahua: Dog Breed Profile

Chihuahua

Chihuahua

The Chihuahua is the smallest dog breed in the world and is very popular today. Very appreciated for its small size and its qualities as a companion dog, the Chihuahua remains a dog that can be temperamental, even aggressive, especially if it is not educated and socialized.

Adopting a Chihuahua should be a pleasure and a joy, but we must not forget to consider It as a dog! So, learning to set limits, educating It, socializing It, and not overprotecting It will be your main missions, if you want to adopt a Chihuahua.

History of the breed

The Chihuahua is a very old dog breed. It is considered the smallest in the world. Its name simply comes from the largest state in the Republic of Mexico: the state of Chihuahua .

It would have lived there in total freedom before being domesticated by the natives at the time of the Toltecs. At the end of the 19th century, this dog was exported in masse to the United States and Europe followed.

Physical features

  • Its coat: can be of 2 varieties. The first short-haired is lying on the body, shiny and soft. The second long-haired remains fine, silky, smooth, or slightly wavy.
  • Its color: all possible colors and shades.
  • Its head: rounded in the shape of an apple with a short muzzle.
  • Its ears: erect, large, and wide apart. They become thinner towards the end.
  • Its eyes: little protruding with a strong expression. They remain large, very rounded, and dark in color.
  • Its body: compact and well structured, withers little marked, short and firm back, wide and well let down the chest.
  • Its tail: Set on high, of moderate length and wide at the base. It thins towards the end.

Behavior With Others

“Small dog but a big character!” This is probably due to the fact that its small size gives it a number of privileges that a dog with a larger build would not have. Indeed, most Chihuahua owners tend to overprotect their dog, but this can result in an increase in the character of this dog, thus feeling “all-powerful”.

You must, indeed, be more vigilant with a Chihuahua but it must be done intelligently. Educating It, socializing It with other dogs, setting limits is also very important because this will allow It to have a reassuring environment. Indeed, a Chihuahua or a dog in general who has no limits, will not necessarily be happy and may become anxious and stressed.

The chihuahua has the reputation of being a rather “talkative” dog. In addition, its bark is sharp and quite powerful compared to its small size. Fortunately, it is possible to limit this barking with proper education and ensuring that your puppy’s needs are met.

The Chihuahua can live with children, however, this small dog can be temperamental, and often the owners do not appreciate the importance of educating and socializing it from an early age. Yet a Chihuahua bite on a child’s face can be dramatic. This is why you will have to be rigorous and get your dog used to the presence of children. It will also be necessary to respect certain safety rules and teach children the behaviors to adopt when living with a dog, such as not carrying or not waking it up, not harming it, etc.

As with all dog breeds, if you want to have several species coexist, they will have to be accustomed early and positively. Also, be careful, the Chihuahua due to its small size could more easily be injured in the presence of animals of larger sizes.

Education 

The Chihuahua does not present any difficulty in Its education even if it’s preferable like any small dog with a strong character to do it from an early age. It’s about being firm and it will be, faithful and discreet.

Very stubborn, It could then be uncontrollable and do as It pleases. We must not spare this canine which will then respond perfectly to orders. It’s suggested that It socialize very quickly so that It can be pleasant with strangers and other animals.

Living Conditions

The Chihuahua is a companion dog, so its need for exercise will obviously be less than that of a Malinois , for example. However, It will need daily expenditure to feel good. Thus, a daily walk of 30 minutes, outside the garden, will be the minimum to grant It Its balance and Its well-being.

It’s also a dog who does not support loneliness. If It feels lonely, bored, or not exercised enough, It will show Its frustration by chewing everything It can or barking excessively.

The Chihuahua, due to its small size and its role as a companion dog, will not be the right candidate for sports activities. Of course, It will be able and enjoy participating in family life, but offering It intense physical or sports activities will not necessarily be possible.

This little dog can adapt perfectly to living in an apartment. However, you will have to remember to take it out regularly, even if you have a garden.

Chihuahuas are Mexican dogs who love the sun and the heat that they endure quite well! Close to the ground and little “naturally equipped” against the cold, Chihuahuas fear low temperatures. During winter, the coat is therefore mandatory if you live in a region where the cold season is quite chill.

Health & Maintenance

With a fragile appearance, the Chihuahua is however robust and enjoys a good life expectancy. It’s not at all fragile and can live for more than 20 years. It’s prone to eye irritation if Its eyes are not maintained regularly.

The calving are sometimes difficult because of its very small size. There are also some congenital heart diseases (pulmonary stenosis or mitral endocardiosis) and neurological (hydrocephalus).  It can sometimes be chilly and should therefore be kept away from drafts and outdoors in winter.

Here are the few problems that can be present in this breed of dog:

Puppy hypoglycemia

Like many puppies with a small build, their rapid metabolism and low-fat stores can make them prone to hypoglycemia. Like us humans, this corresponds to a drop in blood sugar (sugar levels) and can lead to stunted growth if left untreated.

Dislocation of the patella

About 30% of Chihuahuas can be affected by this problem, which results in lameness and can be inherited or caused by physical trauma.

Skin diseases

The Chihuahua can also be susceptible to various forms of demodicosis and other skin problems. Often, increased vigilance and a quality diet will limit these health problems.

The life expectancy of a Chihuahua is, on average, between 14 years and 18 years

The Chihuahua is a naturally clean little dog that requires little maintenance. The long-haired Chihuahua will require more maintenance to avoid knots. Inspect Its eyes and ears regularly.

Whether long or short-haired, Its coat is odorless. It should be brushed regularly. It should be washed from time to time with warm water and a mild shampoo.

The Chihuahua’s diet must be based on high-quality kibble. It should not be too stuffy to not alter its digestive system and cause some health concerns.

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Chow Chow: Dog Breed Profile

Chow chow

The Chow Chow is a dog that looks like a small bear that is increasingly popular in Many Countries. Yet under all this hair can hide a dog difficult to manage, especially if Its education is not suitable.

The Chow-Chow is a calm breed of dog but can be temperamental with its peers, especially if it’s not socialized enough. In addition, its education must be balanced and adapted on a case-by-case basis and the recall must be worked on very young to ensure the success of this essential indication.

History of the breed

The Chow-Chow originated in China where it was used for guarding and hunting. This breed of dog is very old because it has been known in China for over 2000 years.

The Chow-Chow arrived in England at the end of the 18th century, but it was in 1920 that this breed of dog began to stand out on display.

It descends from spitz dogs like the Nordics, but also mastiffs.

Physical features

  • Its hair: short, very abundant, smooth, and slightly fluffy; in the long version (more frequent), the hair is also supplied and swollen.
  • Its color: the dress must be monochrome (black, red, fawn, blue, cream or white). Shades can appear, in particular under the tail and at the level of the panties, often lighter.
  • Its head: broad, voluminous, and flat.
  • Its ears: of moderate size and rounded in shape, they are thick, set apart, and very straight on the head. The points are directed forward and tend to converge.
  • Its eyes: their size is normally medium. They are oval, neat, and a bit sunken. Normally dark, they can also be the color of the coat in blue and fawn Chow-Chows.
  • Its body: the body is compact, horizontal, short, and strong. The chest is broad and low, the shoulders muscular. The forelegs are straight and the hind legs as devoid of angulation as possible (hence the particularly stilted gait of the Chow-Chow)
  • Its tail: it is set high and carried well reversed, on the back.

Behavior With Others

The Chow-Chow is not a dog for everyone. Its sometimes marked character and Its need for balance in Its education require a balanced education. Very attached to Its masters, It can be very independent, like many Asian races. In addition, Its behavior with Its peers can be difficult, especially if It lacks socialization.

Like all large dogs, the Chow Chow has a fairly powerful bark and has a reputation for being quite barking due to its developed guarding instinct. However, the frequency of barking depends on the dog.

The Chow-Chow can live with children as long as you keep certain prevention rules in mind, such as never leaving dogs and children unattended. In addition, It will need a living environment at home and it will need to have Its own space that the children will have to learn to respect. In short, this dog can live with children on condition that it is respected and channeled.

Your Chow-Chow will have to be accustomed from its 8 weeks to live in the presence of other animals, otherwise, its predatory instinct can make cohabitation complicated.

Education 

The education of the Chow-Chow must be balanced, it must not be lax or brutal. A happy medium, depending on the character of your dog, must therefore be found.

Sometimes difficult to master for recall indications, Its education must therefore limit Its predatory instincts. In addition, it will be necessary to be a consistent master and to strengthen positive and regular contact with other dogs.

Living Conditions

The Chow-chow is a dog that will require significant physical and mental activity because it remains originally a utility dog.

It can live in an apartment as long as it is walked around enough every day. In addition, it is a dog that will need good socialization in order to avoid aggressive behavior. So, even if you have a garden, it will be absolutely essential to take it out in order to offer it meetings with other dogs and in different environments.

Chow Chows are more prone to heatstroke due to their thick coat. They are absolutely not suitable for hot climates and absolutely must have a cool place, ideally air-conditioned, in the middle of summer.

Health & Maintenance

The Chow-chow, like all purebred dogs, is predisposed to a number of hereditary diseases (known or suspected) including:

  •  skin disorders such as atopic dermatitis, alopecia dilute dresses, pemphigus foliaceus, or even alopecia X
  •  gastrointestinal diseases such as hiatal hernia or exocrine pancreatic insufficiency
  • the elbow dysplasia
  • neurological disorders such as cerebellar malformations or hypomyelination of the central nervous system
  •  eye diseases such as primary glaucoma, dry eye, or skin uvéo-dog syndrome

The life expectancy of a Chow Chow is, on average, between 9 years and 12 years

During its molts, the Chow-Chow needs to be brushed very regularly. This is a necessary task regardless of the length of the coat, but it is of course more demanding for individuals with long hairs. This is the only solution to avoid the formation of knots.

The Chow-Chow can be washed regularly, but it must be thoroughly rinsed and dried with a hairdryer after each wash. In addition to regular brushing, which is more intense for the long-haired variety, the Chow Chow must have its eyes cleaned carefully and meticulously.

Indeed, this breed of dog tends to tear quite often. Additionally, Its hair should also be combed through as It tends to develop eczema.

Due to some gastric issues that It can develop, it’s important to give the Chow Chow 2 to 3 meals per day rather than just one. Its diet must be composed mainly of meat, which can be given in its simplest aspect or through suitable and high-quality croquettes. Its diet can therefore be based on industrial or human food.

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