Dogo Argentino: Dog Breed Profile

Dogo Argentino

The Dogo Argentino is a magnificent dog with Its white coat and Its proud and confident appearance. Formerly used to fight bulls and hunt wild boars or even pumas.

A hunting dog, it’s above all a great life companion for families. It’s gentle, affectionate, requires tenderness and presence. It’s faithful, loyal, and above all little barker. It’s an excellent protection dog. In addition, It does not require any particular maintenance, except to be often at Its side, because It does not support loneliness.

History of the breed

The Dogo Argentino comes straight from the region of Cordoba, Argentina. Thanks to doctor  Antonio Nores Martinez that this breed of dog was born. He was a surgeon in the first half of the 20th century.

He decided to cross a former Cordoba fighting dog (perro de pelea cordobès), which Itself came from a cross between Mastiffs, Bulldogs, and Bull Terriers. The dogs used for breeding were all completely white.

This drastic and precise selection allowed the doctor to create different lines. Thus, the Cordoba fighting dog was itself crossed with a German mastiff to sublimate the head, a Bordeaux mastiff, a Pointer, and a Boxer.

The Argentinian Mastiff standard was established in 1928. At first, it was used as a fighting dog. The doctor was convinced that it could be used during hunting parties. So in 1947, he took his best dogo to the Buenos Aires Hunters Club for a demonstration. A fine sense of smell, impressive muscles, and very good endurance convinced the most skeptics.

It arrived in Europe in the 1970s, first in Italy and then in France, where it became very popular. The  Fédération Cynologique Internationale recognized the breed on July 31,1973.

Physical features

  • Its hair : short and smooth.
  • Its color : entirely white with sometimes a few black spots around the eye.
  • Its head : it has a convex shaped skull, with jaws with extremely developed muscles, which gives it a powerful bite.
  • Its ears : high and drooping, they were once cut off, which is now prohibited.
  • Its eyes : dark, they oscillate between very dark black and hazelnut brown. They are wide apart and almond shaped.
  • Its body : massive and powerfully muscular, but harmonious;
  • Its tail : long, it falls to the hock: it becomes thinner as you approach its end.

Behavior With Others

The Argentinian Mastiff is endowed with an extremely rare psychological balance. It’s very smart. It’s very faithful and loyal to Its master whom It will defend from all possible dangers. It’s calm and not very barking.

It’s perfect for a family with children if it was used to being around them in Its youth. It will thus be a  perfect playmate. It’s courageous, pugnacious and will always be on the alert.

Thus, It’s excellent in the role of a protective dog. It’s endearing and needs tenderness and attention to be fulfilled. It loves the presence of other animals. It has a tendency to want to dominate Its fellows.

Be careful, Its imposing physique and the power of Its bite can make It a dangerous dog if placed in the wrong hands. It’s an excellent guard and defense dog.

Education 

Perfectly adapted to family life, the Argentinian Mastiff needs a careful and strict education. It easily complies with the rules imposed on It. They must be coherent and instilled with firmness, but not brutality.

It’s not recommended to stimulate Its aggressiveness. On the contrary, you have to curb Its enthusiasm. It may be more distant with strangers. As long as it has been socialized from an early age, it cohabits more easily with other animals.

The Dogo Argentino Puppies tend to be shy when they arrive in their new family. It’s important to make It social as soon as possible, especially with children. It must learn to play with them and feel their presence. The Dogo is a hound and, therefore, It can be stubborn.

It must feel completely safe in order to follow Its master’s orders to the letter. Getting help from a professional at a dog club can be a great idea in order to avoid making mistakes and to ensure good training.

Living Conditions

The Dogo Argentino adapts very easily to its environment, but it cannot live in an urban environment without a large garden and very frequent outings. It supports loneliness if It has been used to it, even if it’s contrary to Its temperament.

It needs a lot of physical activity. It lives as calmly in a house as It does outside, except during winter when it tends to get cold and snowy, providing it with a warm shelter is a must. The apartment living is not necessarily recommended unless it can be released several times a day.

Health & Maintenance

The Argentine Mastiff is a rustic dog, rigorously selected and which is the subject of numerous crosses to avoid inbreeding. The puppy should be watched carefully until adulthood to prevent possible developmental problems. Adapted to harsh conditions, hardy, and blessed with excellent genetic diversity, this breed presents few health problems.

As in other breeds of dogs, the white color is due to a gene responsible for a predisposition to deafness, neither rare nor frequent, normally detected from the age of 3 months (check with the breeder). Finally, because of fairly fine hair, too long exposure to a scorching sun can cause it to heat up.

The life expectancy of an Argentinian Mastiff is, on average, between 12 years and 14 years.

Its maintenance is very easy. It is an outdoor dog that has few needs, apart from a demanding food intake during growth. Its energetic and playful temperament is then coupled with an exceptional muscular development.

Weekly brushing is enough, possibly a bath every 4 to 6 months. The length of the coat may vary depending on the climate. In temperate zones, it is longer, with a possible undercoat which requires more frequent brushing.

The diet of the Argentinian Dogo should be carefully monitored, especially at the beginning of Its life. It grows quickly and must have a  diet adapted to Its morphological change. Indeed, a poor diet has repercussions on the Dogo’s articular or muscular problems.

Kibble especially appropriate to the weight of Dogo can be found in specialty stores. Do not hesitate to ask for advice on the ratios to feed It.

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Bernese Mountain Dog: Dog Breed Profile

Bernese Mountain Dog

The Bernese Mountain Dog, this magnificent dog from Switzerland, will surely make you fall in love with Its long hair and Its big teddy bear looks. These dogs, mainly adopted as companion dogs, are nonetheless dogs that will need education from an early age in order, to learn not to pull on a leash.

A good guard dog, it will also be essential to socialize it as much as possible during the first part of its life in order to avoid problems of fear or aggression.

Other names: Bouvier de Berne, Dürrbächler, Bernese Mountain Dog, Berner Sennenhund

History of the breed

The Bernese Mountain Dog comes from Switzerland, and more precisely from a canton located in Bern named Dürrbachler, which gave the first name to this breed of dog, it gets its current name thanks to Professor Heim in 1913.

The Bernese Mountain Dog was mainly used as a guard, draft, and herd dog. It was in the 1900s that the Bernese Mountain Dog spread to all of Switzerland and mainly southern Germany. Today this dog is very popular, especially as a family dog.

Physical features

  • Its hair: is long, shiny, and smooth or slightly wavy.
  • Its color: tricolor (black, white, red) with a black dress. The plastron is white in the shape of a Swiss cross. The tips of the legs are white and a white line crosses the forehead, between the eyes, and over the muzzle. Reddish spots called lozenges are placed above the eyes and reddish-brown appears on the paws and cheeks.
  • Its head: is short and massive, powerful, its nose is black and the skull is slightly rounded in profile.
  • Its ears: are drooping, triangular, and rounded at the end.
  • Its eyes: dark brown, almond-shaped show a lively gaze.
  • Its body:is powerful, harmonious, and well-proportioned. The members are powerful. It is more compact than elongated and longer than high.
  • Its tail: black, bushy, low in the rest position, must rise to the height of the back or just above.

Behavior With Others

The Bernese Mountain Dog is originally a watchdog, so it can be wary of strangers, especially if it has been poorly socialized during the first part of its life. Along the same lines, the Bernese Mountain Dog is a dog that can tend to bark.

In any case, Its guard instinct should not be voluntarily strengthened at the risk of triggering aggressive behavior. Finally, it will be essential to socialize It correctly from the moment of adoption by giving It diverse and positive experiences.

In constant search for affection and presence, It’s quite clingy. Thus, it is an ideal companion for children, as well as for the elderly

Education 

As with all dog breeds, it is recommended that you begin your education upon adoption in order to avoid the development of bad habits. The Bernese Mountain Dog is a dog that will become imposing, it will therefore be essential to practice walking on a leash quickly.

 In terms of Its education, it will also be interesting to teach It to become aware of Its size in order to allow It to be more attentive when traveling and thus avoid jostling and other inconveniences of this type.

In addition, some Bernese Mountain Dogs can be sensitive while growing up or conversely too excited. It will therefore be essential to adapt to the specificities of your dog and to teach It to calm down or conversely to gain self-confidence. Positive reinforcement learning should be valued.

In addition, the Bernese Mountain Dog can be very (even too) close to Its master. Work on detachment and on the (positive) learning of loneliness will therefore have to be implemented very young. Finally, it will be recommended to accustom your very young dog to the various manipulations, such as cleaning the ears and brushing.

Living Conditions

For the Bernese Mountain Dog, the important thing is to stay with its owners, regardless of where they live. It could therefore live in an apartment, but It prefers to live in accommodation with a garden available.

It will be able to let off steam and have fun. It’s a dog who has a hard time supporting the changes of its owner. In a home, It tends to stay calm and relaxed.

Health & Maintenance

The Bernese Mountain Dog is a fairly robust dog. Like all large breeds, It’s affected by hip dysplasia and the risk of stomach twisting. Thus, it is important not to make It exercise before and after meals.

Dysplasia

The Bernese Mountain Dog can be prone to dysplasia problems. Often, an adapted diet throughout Its life, regular physical activity, and increased vigilance during Its growth can limit the risks of dysplasia. The elbow, hip or shoulder can be affected.

Cancers

Less than 10% of Bernese Mountain Dogs would be affected by cancer that can appear mainly from the age of 6.

Stomach dilation and torsion syndrome

Like all large dogs, the Bernese Mountain Dog is, unfortunately, no exception and can be prone to stomach upset. To limit the risks, Its meal can be divided into two times during the day, once the growth is complete.

And it will be important not to physically expend your dog 1 to 2 hours after Its meal. Reversal of the stomach is an absolute emergency that can lead to the death of the dog within hours if not taken care of quickly! The vet will then need to perform surgery to save the dog whose stomach has turned. This procedure can be very expensive in the absence of good dog health insurance.

Eyelid abnormality

Also called entropion, it’s an inward reversal of the eyelid to which the Bernese Mountain Dog may be predisposed.

The life expectancy of a Bernese Mountain Dog is, on average, between 7 years and 9 years.

After a walk, it is not necessary to brush or wash it. The dirt on its hair will fall off on its own after a few minutes if the dog stays dry. Like all other dogs, care should be taken to clean their ears regularly. Brushing should be weekly.

The  Bernese Mountain Dog moult is constant but is accentuated in spring and autumn. During these periods, do not hesitate to  increase the frequency of brushing

A minimum bath per year is sufficient for its maintenance and to preserve its magnificent coat. The passage in the bathtub can be more periodic (every 3 months or more), but the Bernese Mountain Dog has the particularity of having a self-cleaning hair.

Brush Its teeth 2-3 times a week to prevent bad breath and tartar buildup, and trim Its nails once a month.

As often industrial brands can offer food adapted to the size, weight, and even the age of the Bernese Mountain Dog. The quality of the croquettes varies according to the brands and is distinguished in 3 categories: ” Discount “, ” Premium ” or ” Super Premium “. It is better to favor at least the so-called ” Premium “ brands of kibble and beyond.

In terms of quantities, it is generally recommended to offer a Bernese Mountain Dog 570 grams of kibble per day. This ratio must be divided into 2 daily meals. Of course, everything depends on the quality of the kibble. It is therefore important to follow the directions on the package, depending on your dog’s metabolism.

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Cane Corso: Dog Breed Profile

Cane Corso

The Cane Corso is a dog from Italy. Watchdog par excellence, it’s above all an adorable life companion for families with or without children. It’s gentle, caring, and loyal. It’s a sporty dog ​​who needs daily activity. It has robust health and is very easy to maintain.

Other names: Branchiero Siciliano, Italian Courtyard Dog, Italian Corso Dog

History of the breed

The Cane Corso, or Italian court dog, descends straight from the great Roman mastiffs and the Canis pugnax during Roman times. Its name comes from Latin and designates a dog “protector”, “guardian of farms”.

Long considered the ideal companion of the Italians, they used to have It by their side to guard their property, their family, their herds and to accompany them on the hunt.

The Cane Corso is still very present in the South of Italy today. In the 20th  century, the race of the Cane Corso was close to extinction, but sIt will be saved by a few breeders whom created an association in the 1970s Italy recognizes the breed in 1979.

Physical features

  • Its hair: short.
  • Its color: black, lead-gray, slate, light gray, light fawn, deer fawn, dark fawn, brindle: hence the term cane Corso blue for some of them.
  • Its head: the skull is wide and slightly arched, the stop very marked. The muzzle is very wide and deep.
  • Its ears: triangular and fall towards the front of the head. Usually chestnut-colored, they can also be white or spotted.
  • Its eyes: medium size.
  • Its body: compact, robust, and muscular.
  • Its tail: inserted rather high on the croup, it is large at the level of the root then tapering.

Behavior With Others

Intelligent, the Cane Corso is also energetic and very balancedExcellent guard and defense dog , docile and affectionate with Its master, It also loves children and their families. It only becomes a formidable defender when necessary.

Fairly easy to train if one adopts the right reflexes, It can however prove to be a little stubborn: it needs to be entrusted to a determined and experienced hand. When It’s truly convinced of the usefulness of It work, It accomplishes it with dedicated commitment.

The Cane Corso is above all a guard dog. It excels in this area and will be a perfect protector for Its master and its adoptive family. It is above all a deterrent.

Education 

The education of the Cane Corso should be rigorous but not severe. It’s known for Its robustness and Its strong temperament: if you are a beginner in training, calling on a dog trainer would be appreciated.

Its master must not be overwhelmed. It must be confident and have a confident walk,  otherwise, this canine will feel the opportunity to gain the upper hand and do as It pleases. In general, this dog has the intelligence to listen when it understands the value of exercise.

Living Conditions

The Cane Corso can live indoors, but preferably outdoors. Its hair does not fall much and It barks wisely. In addition, it does not drool, so it is very clean. The Cane Corso is a  great sportsman.

It needs spaces to play and run. Thus, It will be much more at ease in the country or in a  house with a garden. It must be able to be taken out very regularly, often for long walks. It can also accompany Its master in his jogging or bike rides.

Health & Maintenance

Strong and sturdy, It doesn’t present any particular problems, but some dogs of the same breed suffer from hip dysplasia, a condition that should be watched closely.

The life expectancy of a Cane Corso is, on average, between 10 years and 11 years.

The maintenance of the Cane Corso is reduced to its strict minimum: a little brush stroke from time to time, an inspection of the hair after each walk, and regular cleaning of the eyes and ears will be more than enough.

The Cane Corso must be accustomed to brushing and cleaning the eyes from an early age so that it gets used to it in a natural and lasting way.

The diet of this dog can be based on industrial food. Thus, high-quality croquettes suit It perfectly. It will be necessary to regulate its diet according to its daily energy expenditure.

The work of the master is important so that the puppy can then adapt to Its adult life: regular walks for this sporty dog are necessary so that It has a satisfactory balance and that It feels good with the whole family.

It can thus practice several canine activities such as agility, obedience, sports, or utility tracking. Its flair is excellent since it was used in the past as a hunting dog.

It can accompany Its master on bike rides or jogging. This will strengthen the relationship between It and Its master.

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Rottweiler: Dog Breed Profile

: Dog Breed Profile

Rottweiler

The Rottweiler is a solid dog, which evokes strength. It’s muscular body makes It a well-proportioned dog, both flexible and enduring! It has a well balanced, harmonious, elegant body.

They are one of the most popular guard dogs in the world today.

Other names: German Bouvier, Rottweil Butcher Dog, Rott

History of the breed

The Rottweiler is one of the oldest breeds of dogImported to the Rottweil region of Germany by the Romans, it would have been crossed with a sheepdog, giving the breed that we know today. For a long time, it served to protect the butchers’ cattle. Its courage, tenacity, and protective instinct have made It an exceptional watchdog.

The Rottweiler was recruited by the German and Austrian police for its flair and its robustness. It was officially recognized as a police dog in 1910. But it was not until 1935 that the breed was officially accepted in the United States.

Even today, the Rottweiler is one of the most popular guard dogs and can be found in many brigades around the world.

Physical features

  • Its coat: made up of an undercoat completely covered by the outer hairs, Its coat is of medium length, smooth, hard, and very tight. The hairs on the hind limbs are very slightly longer.
  • Its color: black with well-defined tan markings on the cheeks, muzzle, underside of the neck, chest, limbs, above the eyes, and below the root of the tail.
  • Its head: medium in size, quite wide between the ears. The forehead is slightly curved and the jaw is developed and powerful.
  • Its ears: wide apart and set high on the head. Their shape is triangular and they fall forward, visually increasing the size of the head.
  • Its eyes: dark brown in the shape of an almond.
  • Its body: rather stocky with a strong bone structure, a well-developed bust, and very muscular thighs. Neither short on legs nor greyhound, It’s a well-proportioned mastiff with a robust, flexible, and enduring look. Small peculiarity: it can have webbed legs!
  • Its tail: in its natural state, it is part of the horizontal extension of the back or a little raised. At rest, it can be hanging. It is short and covered with a hard, smooth hair.

Behavior With Others

The Rottweiler is a formidable watchdog who will do anything to protect Its master and Its house. If Its senses danger, it will not hesitate to put Itself in the front line, but once in confidence, It will be “gentle as a lamb”.

Contrary to popular belief and despite Its dissuasive appearance, It’s a very affectionate companion, sometimes even a “pot of glue”. Playful and curious, It gets along well with children and animals smaller than it.

Education 

Highly intelligent and self-confident, the Rottweiler should be educated as early as possible. A dominant dog and difficult to impress, It needs a master with a lot of character and authority!

It’s nevertheless hard-working, docile, and tolerant, Its education must be based on socialization from an early age, so that Its dominant dog temperament does not stand out excessively.

Living Conditions

The Rottweiler is a family dog, playful and curious who does not support confinement and solitude. However, although large spaces seem attractive for such a size, it will be more blooming in a mid-sized home with a small garden than in a large lot on its own.

It can therefore adapt perfectly to city life, as long as it is walked around every day.

Health & Maintenance

Like many Molossoids, its deterrent look expresses its robustness. This tall fellow is rarely sick, but Its rapid growth can lead to skeletal deformities that should be monitored. The selection of breeders makes it possible to limit the propagation of the gene responsible for hip dysplasia.

The life expectancy of a Rottweiler is, on average, between 8 years and 11 years.

The Rottweiler is an easy-going dog that requires little maintenance. It tolerates wind, rain, snow, and even frost, but its worst enemy is heat.

Its smooth and tight hair is maintained with a brushstroke. However, you have to take care of Its diet, which is crucial for Its health, from an early age.

Its coat is smooth and naturally shiny. A hard brush stroke is enough to make it smoother and silky. Baths are detrimental to the health of Its coat, so it is better not to overdo it. If washing is really necessary, it is advisable to use a neutral shampoo adapted to the type of hair, followed by a conditioner.

The Rottweiler’s diet must be strict and particularly rich to promote the development of its musculature and the maintenance of its skeleton. Thus, specialized stores make available food for Rottweiler, based on kibble.

It must ingest about  800 grams per day distributed in 2 meals. A light in the morning and a more generous in the evening.

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Caucasian Shepherd: Dog Breed Profile

Caucasian Shepherd

Caucasian Shepherd Dog

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a rustic and massive dog, but of harmonious construction. There are three types: “mountain” (mane, long outer coat, bushy paws, and tail), “steppe” (thick fur, but without mane or fringes, more slender body), and intermediate.

It is devoted to Its master and Its family. It does not particularly appreciate strangers and will therefore be protective of Its owner. An ideal companion dog once educated, the Caucasian Shepherd Dog needs spaces to feel in harmony. It’s not a great sportsman, but urban life hardly suits him.

Other names: Central Asia Shepherd Dog, Caucasian Shepherd Dog, Kavkazkaïa Ovtcharka

History of the breed

A descendant of the ancient Caucasian dogs, the Caucasian Shepherd was traditionally employed by Russians and residents of surrounding areas to guide and protect their flocks. It was also responsible for guarding around their homes and protecting their families.

Its physical strength, endurance, and ability to withstand difficult climactic conditions quickly enabled It to establish Itself in this dual role. The selection of the breed began in the former USSR at the 1920s. The breed standard was established in 1985.

Physical features

  • Its coat: there are 3 varieties including the long, mid-long, and short. The most common is straight, long, coarse in texture, with a strongly developed undercoat.
  • Its color: uniform, magpie or spotted. The  Caucasian Shepherd Dog can be gray, red, straw, reddish-brown, or white.
  • Its head: large, broad, and massive. The forehead is almost flat, the superciliary arches are marked, but not deep. The stop is visible, but not clearly marked.
  • Its ears: triangular in shape, thick and of medium size. Set high and wide apart, hanging down, with the inner side lying against the cheek.
  • Its eyes : oval, of medium size, arranged obliquely, and set apart. Brown in color in various shades ranging from nutty to dark.
  • Its body: large (can be written in a rectangle), muscular, and well proportioned. The withers are moderately long, the back straight and broad, the loins short and broad, the chest high and well arched.
  • Its tail: Set high, carried above the backline when active and down when at rest.

Behavior With Others

The Caucasian Shepherd is a dog with a balanced character, specifically cut for guard and defense. It’s endowed with great courage and exceptional responsiveness, in addition to Its dissuasive stature.

All these qualities associated with Its infallible attachment to his master make the Caucasian Shepherd a born protector. It’s nonetheless a calm and pleasant pet if it has received a good education. It’s loyal, calm, and very measured. It’s often alert and on the lookout.

Education 

Its calm temperament hides impressive defensive and offensive abilities. If It has no other choice, the Caucasian Shepherd can make use of Its powerful bite, even if It prefers mostly to kick
Its paws during clashes. Therefore, this type of dog must be educated in a balanced and firm manner from an early age.

Rather, it is intended for an active and experienced master. It is not necessarily recommended for neophytes. socializing it remains paramount to lower its level of distrust. Thus, it should be exposed to different environments and to different people and animals

Living Conditions

The Caucasian Shepherd is made to live in rural or mountainous areas and much less in cities. It’s happier in the midst of large open expanses which give It the possibility of evolving freely and observing Its environment.

Apartment life is not ideal for this large dog. A house with a large fenced garden would suit him better.

Health & Maintenance

The Caucasian Shepherd is a dog that does not present specific health problems specific to the breed. In addition, its fur and its origins give it impeccable robustness in terms of temperature variations, which it easily supports.

The life expectancy of a Caucasian Shepherd Dog is, on average, between 10 years and 11 years.

With the Caucasian Shepherd, you should generally expect 2 moults per year, with hair loss that can be significant. Its fairly thick coat requires regular maintenance to stay clean and provide effective protection for the dog. Maintenance depends on the variety of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog.

Those with a  long coat will need to be brushed several times a week to prevent the formation of knots.

It is recommended to brush the dog at least every week, especially during the molts. The oral hygiene of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog is important. Do not hesitate to brush the teeth of this canine regularly to avoid any deposit of tartar. In addition, monitoring is required at the level of the ears and eyes. Cleaning should be done quite often.

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