Shiba Inu: Dog Breed Profile


The Shiba Inu is a dog native to Asia and like many primitive dog breeds, they are elegant, independent, and energetic dogs. The Shiba Inu must be educated quickly in order to limit Its hunting instinct and avoid recall problems in particular.

Small, but well proportioned, It has a strong personality. Despite its independent character, It’s very loyal and protective. It’s not the most cuddly of dogs but has many qualities that will delight young and old.

History of the breed

The Shiba Inu is a Japanese breed that has been established for thousands of years. In the years 1898-1912, breeds such as English Pointers and Setters were brought to Japan for hunting. Its name “Shiba” means something small, like a small dog. It once lived in the Japanese mountains facing the sea and was used by humans in hunting games.

As a result of crossbreeding, the pure breed of Shiba Inu began to disappear. Thanks to enthusiasts, worried about this extinction, a breed standard was established in 1934. For this, they looked for dogs not affected by crossbreeding in the remote mountainous regions of Japan.

In December 1936, the Japanese government declared the Shiba Inu “ natural monument ” and “ native animal of Japan ”. Originally a small game and bird hunting dog, it is now more of a companion dog.

Physical features

  • Its coat: is hard and very rough and the undercoat softer and very dense.
  • Its color: different dresses are accepted such as red, black or red sesame and black and tan. Sesame means very black hairs are mixed with the rest of the hairs, especially on the back. Cream and white or pinto (white over 50% of the body with asymmetrical markings) Shiba Inu are found, but they are not part of the breed standards.
  • Its head: sports a skull with a broad forehead and a rather thick muzzle which decreases in width towards the front. The truffle is black.
  • Its ears: quite small and triangular in shape, they are well erected and tilted forward.
  • Its body :is strong with a straight back. The muscles are well developed, but the general pace remains light.
  • Its tail: is thick. It is carried upright upwards and rolled up on itself inwards.

Behavior With Others

The Shiba Inu is a fearful dog, but very protective. It has a reputation for not being very affectionate, but it really depends on how It’s been raised. On the other hand, It’s always very faithful.

It’s a very alert and attentive animal. Quite domineering, It does not always get along with other males. Nevertheless, It greatly appreciates the presence of Its master, even if It also likes Its independence and some moment of solitude. It’s very playful, especially with children.


The education of the Shiba Inu, although it can begin at any age, should start young. The predatory instinct should be limited and the recall should be an exercise to be implemented soon after adoption. Meetings with other dogs are also very important in order to allow him to exercise and so that he maintains his sociability with his congeners.

The Shiba Inu is a dog that can have an assertive temperament, Its education must therefore be gentle but consistent and a certain firmness (not to be confused with brutality) may be necessary for Its balance.

If you adopt a Shiba Inu as your first dog, the help and advice of a professional dog trainer can be a real asset to get you off to a good start.

Education must remain positive to build dog confidence. Learning to recall follows the same rules of positive rewards. It will also be necessary, very young, to socialize it with children, babies, and other animals.

Living Conditions

This dog can live in an apartment as long as it is taken out very often. Several walks per day are necessary. A house with a garden will suit It perfectly, but it should not be exempt from a few outings.

It is a dog ideally made for life in the country or in a house with a garden, in which it can stroll, run and flourish.

Be careful, this breed of dog can have a fairly developed hunting instinct, so it will not be possible to detach it everywhere.

Health & Maintenance

The Shiba Inu does not pose any particular health problems. It’s a hardy breed that rarely gets sick and is not affected by serious genetic diseases. It’s even a dog that ages well. If properly monitored by the veterinarian for vaccines, dewormers, and usual care, the Shiba Inu will live quite old.

The male Shiba, however, has more worries than the female since Its mouth area can be infected. Some digestive concerns should be noted as well as minor allergies.

The life expectancy of a Shiba-Inu is, on average, between 12 years and 15 years.

The Shiba Inu sheds its covering hairs a little all year round. However, it is subject to 2 main moulting periods: in spring and in autumn. During this period, the undercoat falls in bundles

On the other hand, its hair is self-cleaning. If it gets dirty, just let it dry in the shelter and the dust will fall to the ground by itself. Its dress, however, requires regular brushing to allow it to keep its shine and beauty.

The Shiba Inu does not need frequent baths. One or two a year is enough because it’s clean and its coat is not smelly. It must be brushed with a card daily during the moulting period.

You can brush it against the grain to give its fur more volume. It will be necessary to check the state of Its teethIts mouth in order to avoid any development of infections to which Its subject.

The diet of the Shiba must be based on so-called traditional food, that is to say, based on high-end kibble. These can only be found in pet stores or specialized stores. It is important to check that the daily ratio is in line with the energy expenditure of this dog who could become overweight if it were overfed.

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Akita Inu: Dog Breed Profile

Akita Inu

The Akita Inu is a majestic dog, with a robust constitution and a strong character. Spitz type, it’s large in size and well proportioned.

This dog seduces with its plush appearance and the great serenity it exudes. The Akita Inu is a perfect dog in every way for family life.

It can be both athletic or not, it all depends on the needs of its master.

It’s calm, considerate, caring, independent, loyal, and barks very moderately. Its education is rather easy and its health, despite 2 hereditary diseases, quite solid.

It is common that at the birth of a baby in the family or before the illness of a relative,a small size of an Akita Inu is given as a gift.

It is a dog belonging to the Spitz family, of natural creation more than 3,000 years ago.

Other names: Japanese Akita


This breed comes from the Japanese region of Akita, hence its name. The ancestors of the Akita Inu were medium-sized dogs, which were used to hunt bears and were known by the name of Akita matagi.

Starting in 1603, these dogs were used for dogfighting and, in order to increase their strength and endurance, they were interbred with coughs and mastiffs.

The results of those crosses were larger dogs but without the characteristics of spitz-type dogs.

Dogfighting was banned in Japan in 1908, but the breed never regained its original size. At the end of World War II, the number of Akitas had been drastically reduced and, as if that weren’t enough, there were three different types:

Akita Matagi (similar to the original), Fighting Akita (with tosa dog blood), and Sheep Akita (cross of Akita with German sheepdog).

The lines that had German mastiff and sheepdog characteristics fascinated North American breeders and were used to repopulate the breed in the United States.

These lines, and in particular the Dewa line, gave rise to the breed that is now known as the American Akita.

Fans of the breed in Japan did not accept these lines as adequate representatives of the Japanese breed, so they set about repopulating the breed with Akita Matagi dog lines.

The result is the modern Akita Inu which, although larger than the original Akita Matagi, retains the Spitz type and does not have the characteristics of a German Mastiff and Sheepdog.


The Akita Inu is a large size dog. It has a large hairy and broadhead but proportionates with a strong and muscular body. In this form, its muzzle is also strong and moderately long.

It is wide at its base and, although it tapers towards its end, it is not pointed. The bite is powerful and the teeth scissor sharp.

The Akita’s nose is black, although slight depigmentation is acceptable in white dogs.

The lips must be well adhered. Both the ears and the eyes seem to follow triangular shapes.

The eyes are usually dark brown in color, are small, and tend to be slightly separated from each other.

The ears, on the other hand, are relatively small, thick, and oriented forward.

The neck of the Akita Inu is thick, muscular and does not present a dewlap. It has a deep chest and the tail, with a unique curved shape, slides over the back.

The Akita has a hard, smooth outer coat and a soft, dense inner coat. On the other hand, the fur on the tail is longer than that of the rest of the body.

The accepted colors of Japanese Akita are white, gold, sesame, and brindle.

They measure between 22 and 27 inches, variable depending on the specimen and sex, and can weigh up to 80 pounds.


They have a very reserved and shy character, they are calm most of the day, adopting a calm attitude even in times of stress.

The dog’s serenity is palpable. It is a very balanced, docile, and determined breed of dog.

The loyalty it offers to its master is the strongest and most well-known characteristic of the Akita Inu.

Although it is very distrustful of strangers, it is a dog that will not attack without reason, only in the face of provocation and signs of aggressiveness. It is an excellent watchdog.

In dealing with other dogs it is complicated, the Akita Inu is dominant and even if it does not seek confrontations it will create enemies for life if challenged.

As a puppy, it is very important to socialize with all kinds of dog breeds and other animals so that you won’t have problems during the adult stage, where It can be more violent.

It’s a dog that requires a master who is an expert in handling dogs, who knows how to impose his authority, and most importantly, who knows how to use positive reinforcement.

Young children, especially at home, are very dear to the Akita Inu, who will not hesitate to protect them from any danger.

It is patient with them especially if It knows them.

You will find divergences on some websites about the aspect of the Akita Inu’s behavior with children.

It is important to know that the Akita Inu is a very special breed, which will need an experienced owner and the most essential: to provide it with the proper education.

It is a dog of extreme strength and a very marked character that will try to challenge weak people to be the leader of the hierarchy, it is for this reason that we recommend that people who have children and doubt their abilities as owners after reading this article, opt for another breed perhaps more docile than this one.

If, on the other hand, you think that you are more than capable of controlling the Akita Inu’s impulses, don’t hesitate for a moment: their loyalty and intelligence will leave you astonished.


Withstands inclement weather without difficulty. Even so, due to its dense coat, it is advisable to brush it daily and with special care in times of shedding.

As a result of all this we must comment that if their diet is deficient, it will influence the mantle, which will be seen as impoverished and not very shiny.

The Akita Inu is a dog that needs a medium-high dose of exercise every day. You will have to walk it at least twice a day trying to get it to run or do some kind of extra activity.

It is also important to note that the Akita Inu can adapt to both the size of a house and that of a flat, where it will be equally happy.


The Akita Inu is a very intelligent dog that requires an owner with a strong personality. If they do not find the correct attitude with-in their master, the dog tends to take the reins by imposing its own rules.

It will not follow you if it does not consider you a worthy leader, for that reason you should never give in to Its demands. In Japan, it is considered an honor, a privilege, and a show of nobility to educate an Akita Inu.

For various reasons, experts in this breed advise mentally stimulating it by teaching tricks, advanced obedience, and identifying a variety of objects. Its capabilities will surprise you.

In addition, it can also be physically stimulated with activities such as agility, enjoying hiking, or Schutzhund.

All the activities that you teach your Akita Inu must have a set time limit of a maximum of 1 hour a day, otherwise, the dog will hate spending so much time on it.


Regarding the issue of diseases that affect the Akita Inu, the most common are usually the following

  • Hip dysplasia
  • Immune system pathologies
  • Knee pathologies
  • Thyroid gland dysfunction

Both to prevent their appearance and to detect them in time, it is essential to go to the veterinarian periodically, follow the reviews established by the specialist and keep their vaccines and deworming up to date.

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