White dogs have a special charm. They attract a lot of attention, radiating purity and all the charm of light colors. Many people dream of having such a beautiful pet. Before buying a white puppy, you need to understand all its features, as well as find out which breeds are distinguished by a snow-white woolen coat.
Understanding The White Color Genetics
White dogs are popular with many people. Pets of this color are rarely ignored by others. They attract rapturous looks, especially if they look well-groomed and neat.
It’s believed that dogs with a completely white coat can serve as the basis for a number of breeds or different breed variations. All individuals with such a coat color have a different genotypic basis.
Albinism is not uncommon in mammals . This phenotype is completely devoid of pigment and not only on the hair, but also on the skin, claws and even the iris of the eyes. Albinos are usually born with red eyes. Natural white dogs, whom eye colors are naturally dark, are not considered albinos.
The very first assumption about the origin of the white dog color is that this one was the result of the activity of the gene for extreme spotting. There is also a version that is a described color of the coat is due to the actions of the chinchilla gene, which contributes to the complete elimination of the yellow pigment on the hair, but does not affect the shade of the iris. As a result of the influence of this gene, snow-white puppies with dark eyes appear.
Pigments in pigment granules are only black or yellow. The synthesis of the first pigment is prohibited by two genes – Ay and e. As a result of this process, the first steps to the appearance of a white color of the dog’s coat take place.
To obtain this color accurately, another important gene is needed, which would also destroy the yellow pigment. This gene is called cch. It is this gene that does not allow the synthesis of yellow pigment to take place.
The cch gene does not always destroy the yellow pigment efficiently. Under its influence, animals can have different colors not just a snow-white color. We are talking about beautiful golden retrievers with an unobtrusive light cream coat color. For this reason, additional selection is necessary in order to remove all residues of yellow pigment and obtain pure white individuals at the “output”.
Complete lightening and neutralization of the yellow pigment can be dependent on special rufus polygenes. Snow-white specimens of this type may differ if they produce specimens with a cream body, especially along the line of the spine, or come from pale cream breeders.
White color is also given by the so-called gene M (marbled color) in a state of homozygote. Areas with dyed hair on the head may come across, but they will be small.
Overview of large and medium white Breeds
The attractive white coat color is typical for dogs of different breeds. Let’s take a closer look at some of the large and medium-sized breeds that have such a spectacular color.
The breed of Turkish origin has existed for over 3000 years. From the very beginning, these four-legged animals were bred exclusively at home, but recently breeders from all over the world have become actively interested in these dogs.
These dogs are very fond of suburban life. In confined and cramped spaces, they feel uncomfortable and can even get sick. This beautiful white fluffy big guy likes active and mobile games in the open air.
The Akbash is a big fan of running and jumping. Aggression in the behavior of such dogs is not observed. They have a positive attitude towards children.
When communicating with the younger members of the family, the Akbash tries to behave carefully. The dog always feels the responsibility that is entrusted to It. These snow-white beauties are not very friendly to strangers. They always examine guests with the utmost care and vigilance.
The coat of these dogs is long and looks truly luxurious. They need to be combed out periodically – about once a week. It’s necessary to bathe them as needed to obtain the beautiful white coat.
The Dogo Argentino
The only dog breed that was bred in Argentina. The blood of a bulldog, Spanish mastiff, Irish wolfhound and other similar individuals runs through the veins of its representatives. At the heart of the species is the fighting dog of Cordoba, distinguished by incomparable willpower, excellent physical characteristics, dedication and fearlessness.
The Dogo Argentino will obey exclusively its master, who must have leadership qualities . The instinct to defend their territory in these dogs is well developed. They make good hunters. The snow-white Dogo Argentino loves to spend time actively, playing and running.
The cover of these pets is characterized by an impressive molt. To reduce the amount of hair on the floor of the house, you need to brush it daily. For care, use special silicone brushes or metal combs.
The White Swiss Shepherd
This breed has nothing to do with Switzerland, despite the name. This species was bred in Canada and the USA.
The White Swiss Shepherd is a strong dog of medium size. It has a profile of elegance and harmony and develops impressive musculature. The body ends in a bushy tail which is set low. This breed has a head proportional to its size. It’s powerful with a slightly rounded head. We notice the slightly marked stop of the animal as well as its muzzle neither too big nor too small.
Its eyes are very expressive and display a dark brown color that contrasts with the color of the dress. Its ears are triangular, carried high and a little rounded on the tips. The coat can be long or mid-length. The standard does not admit curly hairs, only wavy hairs. As the name already suggests, the dress is immaculate.
The purebred Swiss Shepherd is a responsible and reliable animal that always tries to adapt to its owner. The animal will do its best to live up to its master’s expectations. Shepherd dogs can master new commands in a short time,they are able to perform many difficult tricks. Their character is calm, peaceful and affectionate. Swiss Shepherd Dogs are child friendly.
The Bull terrier
The external and physical data of bull terriers are excellent. This breed was bred using Dalmatians, English Bulldogs and Terriers. By crossing these species, it was possible to obtain a strong and intelligent animal.
Bull Terriers are energetic and have a good-natured character. They are affectionate to the family, especially to its younger members. The Bull Terrier needs to stay active by playing games and activities. Owners should pay a lot of attention to these dogs. The snow-white bull terrier can’t bear loneliness.
The snow-white color of the coat is the “winning card” for the breed. Individuals with colored spots on their heads are admitted to exhibitions. The coat is short and does not protect the pet from cold or precipitation.
The Samoyed dog
It’s a powerful, large, fluffy animal with a kind smile. The ancient northern tribes were engaged in breeding this breed.
The Samoyed dog, plush in appearance, often accompanies travelers and explorers who study the Arctic and the Arctic Circle. The woolen cover of these beauties is dense and solid, perfectly retains heat, It allows the dog to live peacefully in low temperatures.
The Samoyed white dog needs activity. Without it, the animal begins to behave aggressively and irritably. Samoyeds are very stubborn. They need close interaction with the owner and a lot of communication. They treat children positively, as well as all members of their family.
The Pyrenean mastiff
Representatives of this breed have ancient roots. They were originally kept as livestock guards.
The Pyrenean Mastiff is a huge snow-white dog with a kind and friendly character. It will guard Its territory quietly, without unnecessary noise. The mastiff will not bark for no reason. These individuals are infinitely loyal to their masters. They can take care of younger family members and even other pets.
Medium-sized representatives of this breed have many other names. The main purpose of Hokkaido is hunting. These are very brave and fearless animals that can fight larger animals like bears.
Hokkaido’s are very hardy dogs. They are not suitable for home maintenance – they need space and freedom. Experts advise keeping such a pet in an aviary in the yard. A Hokkaido has a double coat, so these dogs can easily endure the cold.