Unlike the smooth-haired type, this variety of Jack Russell Terriers received a dense, coarse coat by nature. It is quite long compared to other varieties and bulges slightly in different directions. This is probably the hairiest member of the breed.
Russell’s of this type are distinguished by small eyebrows and a funny goatee, which cannot be seen in smooth-haired terriers. Shedding in long-haired (wire-haired) terriers is not as abundant as in their smooth brethren . The problem is that they need professional trimming (pulling out dying hairs).
This procedure is quite painstaking and requires a competent approach. Puppies are taught to trimming from 3-4 months of age, otherwise an untrained dog will experience pain.
What is a Long-haired Jack Russell
Long-haired Jack Russell looks a little cuter and funnier than short-haired.
The long-haired Jack Russell sheds in the same way as the short-haired. But you can avoid a large amount of hair indoors, you just need to trim the coat in time, which is already ripe for loss.
When trimming, together with the coat, dead skin particles that often cause allergies in humans are automatically removed.
The plucking procedure itself is quite time consuming, lengthy, and most importantly, very delicate. Therefore, it is better to entrust it to a specialist groomer.
Types of Wire-haired Russell Terriers
The family of wire-haired Russells is complemented by two subspecies – broken and rafs, here are their differences:
1. Broken Russell Terrier
These dogs have a single break in hair. Broken is a terrier with a fairly long, hard, and coarse coat, which does not stick out in different directions, like true long-haired ones, but is pressed to the body.
This type of coat requires periodic trimming.
2. Raph Russell Terrier
The hairs of their wool have breaks in several places.
The Raf Russell Terrier has a hard, coarse hairline that lags behind the body, and therefore turns out to be a funny, sometimes shaggy dog.
Without trimming, these dogs look disheveled. But after plucking the Rough Russell Terrier becomes like a smooth-haired Jack Russell.
Remember, a sign of a healthy dog of any type is a well-developed undercoat
Long -haired Jack Russell Character & Behavior
By nature, Jack Russell Terriers are friendly and cheerful dogs. They get along well with all household members, without choosing a leader for themselves. They are usually friends with other pets, but rodents can seriously suffer from them.
Sometimes Jack Russell Terrier boys show aggression towards relatives and may even get into fights with representatives of larger breeds. Jack Russell Terriers are wary of strangers but without aggression.
Jack Russell Terriers have a highly developed intellect and are willing to learn new commands and tricks, so even a beginner can easily cope with their training. The main thing is to be patient, to praise the dog, not to raise your voice at it, and, moreover, not to resort to physical pressure.
For peaceful coexistence with household members and other pets, as well as to exclude aggression towards unfamiliar people and animals, the socialization of representatives of the breed should begin at a very early age.
One of the features of the Jack Russell Terrier breed is a developed sense of possessiveness. These dogs are very jealous not only of their belongings but will remain unhappy if the owner caresses someone else.
An important feature of the breed is its restless nature. Jack Russell Terriers need constant attention, communication, movement, or some kind of activity. Otherwise, the terrier will get bored and start spoiling things.
The main reason for the bad habits of the Jack Russell Terrier is a lack of physical and mental stress. All behavioral problems of the breed can be corrected or prevented with the help of competent training and education.
The most common “bad habits” among Jack Russells are:
- Excessive barking.
Representatives of the breed are very fond of barking, going from squealing to barking. Jack Russells can do this with or without reason, which can cause conflict with neighbors. Most often, the pet barks out of boredom, so you need to immediately attract his attention with a clap or voice. When the dog stops barking, you should definitely praise or treat him.
From the first days of the puppy’s stay at home, you need to make it clear to him who is the leader in the family. Often Jack Russell Terriers are stubborn, not wanting to obey if the owner from the very beginning of their relationship could not build a clear hierarchy. Also, these dogs can be stubborn in order to attract the attention of their owners.
- The pursuit.
The pursuit of other animals, birds, bicycles, and people is in the blood of Jack Russells, so you need to teach him the necessary commands, and also not to let him off the leash in crowded places.
The origin of the representatives of the breed left its mark on them and made them good diggers. Such behavior must be stopped by forbidding the puppy to dig from the earliest childhood, as well as distracting him to something else.
Dogs of all breeds and ages have a tendency to chew on various objects. In order for the dog not to spoil things, you need to offer him special toys or bones, and also pay more attention to him.
Long haired Jack Russell Terrier and kids
Jack Russell Terriers treat children very well and will be happy to communicate with both owners and strangers. True, you should not leave a dog alone with kids under 3 years old – the dog will not tolerate strong hugs or careless handling and may snap back, frightening the child.
It is important to teach the pet that the child has a schedule, otherwise, the dog may wake him up at the wrong time for games and communication. In families with children, these terriers spend almost all their time around them, waiting for new games and entertainment.
Long-haired Jack Russell Care & Maintenance
Jack Russell Terrier hair care has its own characteristics that need to be considered.
Perhaps the most important thing to consider is the daily combing of the dog since the dog is quite fluffy. As already mentioned, trimming is best for long-haired pets.
Dogs are accustomed to trimming from 3-4 months.
If you are not sure that you can correctly perform this procedure, then contact a specially trained person – a groomer.
Usually, this process is carried out once every three months, and the rest of the time you can simply comb the dog.
Also, owners can perform basic hygiene procedures for their dogs:
- Use special scissors with rounded tips to equalize the fur in the groin area.
- Cut off the tassel at the end of the tail.
- Use thinning scissors to remove excess hair from the underside of the dog’s neck.
- Cut off the hair on the tail
It should also be remembered that the main indicator that everything is in order with your pet’s coat is a well-developed undercoat.
How To Choose a Long-haired Jack Russell Puppy?
When choosing a Jack Russell puppy, you need to understand the standards of this breed :
- The predominant shaggy coat color in the puppy should be white – this is more than fifty percent of the color.
- There may be small black or red spots on the white coat. The reddish color can have a different tone.
- The Jack Russell Terrier is more elongated than tall. If we compare it with a figure, then we can say that it has a rectangular format.
- The ears must be lowered and cover the dog’s ear canal.
- When the dog moves, its tail is directed exclusively upward.
- The nose and edges of the eyelids of the dog are pigmented black.
You should be careful when choosing a puppy because very often Jack Russell Terrier puppies with insufficient pigmentation are passed off as unique.
Long-haired Jack Russell Colors
According to the standard, the correct color of the Jack Russell Terrier has only three color options:
- black and white – black spots on a white background;
- white and red – in red Jack Russell Terriers, spots are located on a white background, the color of which can vary from dark brown to red;
- tricolor – black and red spots on a white background.
In purebred individuals with any of the above types of colors, white cannot be less than 50% of the entire area of the skin, and the spots must have a rounded shape and not merge with each other.
Interesting! Solid white Jack Russell Terriers are extremely rare. Terriers with this color are disqualified at exhibitions due to lack of pigment.
Long-haired Jack Russell Life Expectancy & Disease Propensity
The Jack Russell Terrier is one of the ten longest living dogs, with an average life expectancy of 14-16 years.
They are considered a healthy breed, but they are still susceptible to some “breed” diseases:
- dysplasia of the hip joint;
- cardiovascular diseases;
- dislocation of the patella;
- Perthes disease (lesion of the femoral head);
- congenital deafness.
In addition to all grooming procedures, the breed should be vaccinated from an early age. Newborn Jack Russell Terrier puppies gain immunity with breast milk, but it disappears by about two months of age. At this time, the puppy needs to be vaccinated for the first time, before which mandatory deworming is carried out.
It is important! Before giving a vaccine, the veterinarian must provide the owner with information about the name of the vaccine and its expiry date.
Vaccinations for puppies of this breed are carried out strictly according to the schedule. The Jack Russell Terrier vaccination table by age will make life easier for an inexperienced dog breeder:
|8-9 weeks||Plague of carnivores (distemper), leptospirosis, hepatitis, parainfluenza, parvovirus enteritis|
|12-14 weeks||Plague of carnivores, leptospirosis, hepatitis, parainfluenza, parvovirus enteritis + rabies|
|12 months||Plague of carnivores, leptospirosis, hepatitis, parainfluenza, parvovirus enteritis + rabies|
In the future, the pet is annually vaccinated with complex vaccines against rabies and other deadly infections.
Frequently Asked Questions
Do long-haired Jack Russells shed?
Yes, Their long guard hair is harmoniously combined with a rich undercoat. And they also require special care. With such a dog, the owners will be able to easily pick up hair on their socks and even on a sweater. Spring and autumn are steadily becoming the season for daily vacuuming.
Are long-haired Jack Russells good pets?
The long-haired Jack Russell Terrier is not good for people who have never owned a dog before. It’s energetic and sometimes quite destructive. Its upbringing should be approached with all seriousness since this breed does not forgive mistakes.
How much does a long-haired Jack Russell cost?
A Long-haired Jack Russell puppy has an average price of $1200-$1900. Some Breeders could even offer Long-haired Jack Russell puppies for $2600 or even higher.
The cost of a Long-haired Jack Russell puppy varies widely and depends on many factors. The price of the dog is influenced by the eminence of the breeder, as well as the availability of working and exhibition certificates from the parent couple.
Aside from the puppy’s price, it would be best to consider the expenses that would come with it. For instance, you may want to get the essential things for your puppies like grooming tools, food, and shelter.
Final Thoughts: is The Long-haired Jack Russell a Good Family Dog?
The long-haired Jack Russell Terrier, despite all its bad habits, will surely become the main favorite of the whole family and the best friend of children. The owners only need, in addition to standard care, to give more attention to their pet, often playing, walking, and just communicating with It.